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Unit 9 Personal Care And Grooming: Relationship To Self-Esteem. Nurse Aide I Course. Personal Care And Grooming: Relationship To Self-Esteem Introduction. Nurse aides are the members of the health care team responsible for providing personal care and grooming for the resident.

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Unit 9 Personal Care And Grooming: Relationship To Self-Esteem


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    1. Unit 9Personal Care And Grooming: Relationship To Self-Esteem Nurse Aide I Course DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    2. Personal Care And Grooming: Relationship To Self-EsteemIntroduction Nurse aides are the members of the health care team responsible for providing personal care and grooming for the resident. They encourage the resident to do as much as possible for themselves, but assist as needed with personal cleanliness, oral hygiene, nail care, shaving, dressing, care of hair and skin care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    3. Personal Care And Grooming: Relationship To Self-EsteemIntroduction(continued) Personal grooming is important for a positive self-image and every effort should be made to encourage and assist the resident to maintain a pleasing and attractive appearance. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    4. Personal Care And Grooming DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    5. Objectives 9.0 Provide for the resident’s personal care and grooming needs and identify the role of the nurse aide in meeting these needs. 9.1 List the daily hygienic needs of an individual. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    6. Bathing Skin care Back care Oral hygiene Shaving Shampooing hair Hair care Nail care Perineal care Dressing and undressing Daily Hygiene Needs DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    7. Objective 9.1.1 Describe factors that affect a resident’s personal hygiene practices. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    8. Factors That Affect Hygiene Practices • Culture • Family Practices • Illness • Individual preferences • Bath in morning or before going to bed • Frequency of bathing, shaving • Shampooing hair daily or weekly DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    9. Factors That Affect Hygiene Practices(continued) • Economics • Unable to afford deodorant, shampoo, etc. • Unable to afford utilities DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    10. Objective 9.1.2 Discuss the role of the nurse aide and how personal care can be used to promote self-esteem and well-being. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    11. Personal Care and Grooming: Role of the Nurse Aide • Assist to follow their personal hygiene practices  • Encourage to do as much of their daily care as possible  • Assist residents to select their own clothing  DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    12. Personal Care and Grooming: Role of the Nurse Aide(continued) • Promote independence and self esteem  • Encourage use of deodorant, perfume, aftershave lotion, and cosmetics • Be patient and encouraging DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    13. Oral Hygiene DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    14. Objective 9.2 Define and discuss oral hygiene. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    15. Oral Hygiene • Definition: measures used to keep mouth and teeth clean and free of microorganisms DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    16. Oral Hygiene(continued) • Purpose • Prevent odors • Prevent infections • Prevent tooth decay and loss of teeth • Prevent gum disease • Increase comfort • Enhance taste of food DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    17. Oral Hygiene(continued) • Oral hygiene is provided: • Before breakfast • After meals • At bedtime • Other times as requested or necessary DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    18. Oral Hygiene(continued) • Observations to report: • Foul mouth odors • Bleeding • Loose or broken teeth or dentures • Sores in or around mouth • Coated tongue • Complaints of pain DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    19. Objective 9.2.1 List seven principles to practice when brushing teeth. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    20. Principles For Brushing Teeth • Hold brush at 45 degree angle • Use circular motion to brush teeth • Brush well where teeth and gums meet • Brush all surfaces • Brush upper teeth first • Brush gently • Offer diluted mouth wash DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    21. Special Mouth Care Products • Swabs • Toothettes: • usually soaked in mouthwash or plain water • hydrogen peroxide, salt water solution if specified on care plan • Petroleum jelly for dry lips DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    22. Objective 9.2.2 Discuss the care of a resident’s dentures. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    23. Denture Care • Handle carefully – expensive to replace • Clean as often as natural teeth • Protect from loss or breakage • Store safely, when out of mouth, in labeled container • Never use hot water, which can warp dentures DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    24. Denture Care(continued) • Store dry, in water or in special solution • For long term storage, put container holding dentures in bedside stand DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    25. Demonstration and Return Demonstration DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    26. Objective 9.3 Demonstrate the procedure for assisting the resident with oral hygiene. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    27. Objective 9.4 Demonstrate the procedure for providing mouth care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    28. Objective 9.5 Demonstrate the procedure for providing mouth care for the unconscious resident. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    29. Objective 9.6 Demonstrate assisting with denture care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    30. Nail Care DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    31. Objective 9.7 Discuss the care of the resident’s nails and feet. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    32. Nail Care • Requires daily cleaning and trimming of fingernails and toenails as needed • Maintain nails by keeping nails: • short • clean • free of rough edges DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    33. Objective 9.7.1 List three purposes of nail and foot care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    34. Nail Care(continued) • Purpose • Prevent infection • Prevent injury • Prevent odors DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    35. Objective 9.7.2 Identify factors to be considered when giving a resident nail care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    36. Nail Care: Factors To Consider • Easier to trim and clean after soaking • Nail clipper used to cut and trim nails • Clip nails straight across • Softened cuticle can be pushed back with orange stick DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    37. Nail Care: Factors To Consider(continued) • Use file or emery board to smooth rough edges • Use care not to injure skin when clipping DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    38. Nail Care: Factors To Consider(continued) • Diabetics and residents with circulatory problems will have their nails trimmed only by a licensed nurse or podiatrist • Review resident care plan and check with supervisor prior to trimming nails DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    39. Objective 9.7.3 Identify factors to be considered when giving a resident foot care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    40. Factors To Consider In Foot Care • Wash feet using warm water and mild soap • Dry feet carefully, especially between the toes • Apply lotion to tops and bottoms of feet only, not between the toes DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    41. Factors To Consider In Foot Care(continued) • Check feet daily for: • redness, warmth or constant pain • numbness or tingling • dry, cracked skin • swelling • blisters, cuts, scratches or other sores • ingrown toenails, corns, calluses DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    42. Factors To Consider In Foot Care(continued) • Do not use a heating pad on resident’s feet • Keep footwear on; residents never go barefoot • Change socks and shoes daily DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    43. Factors To Consider In Foot Care(continued) • Foot injuries and infections can lead to gangrene and amputation, especially in diabetics • Notify supervisor immediately of any unusual observations of the feet DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    44. Demonstration and Return Demonstration DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    45. Objective 9.8 Demonstrate cleaning and trimming a resident’s nails. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    46. Objective 9.9 Demonstrate foot care. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    47. Assisting Resident With Shaving DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    48. Objective 9.10 Discuss the nurse aide’s responsibility in assisting the resident with shaving. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    49. Assisting Resident With Shaving • Daily activity for men • Promotes: • Physical comfort • Psychological well-being DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9

    50. Objective 9.10.1 Review the factors to consider when shaving a resident. DHSR Approved Curriculum-Unit 9