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EUROCHAMBRES SUMMER ACADEMY, 2005. TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP: CCIP – ADVANCIA INNOVATIVE PROGRAMS. Miruna Radu, PhD CCIP – ADVANCIA Phone: + 33 1 40 64 41 14 Mail: mradu@ccip.fr. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Entrepreneurship consists in: starting up new companies (start-up entrepreneurship)

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slide1

EUROCHAMBRES SUMMER ACADEMY, 2005

TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP:

CCIP – ADVANCIA

INNOVATIVE PROGRAMS

Miruna Radu, PhD

CCIP – ADVANCIA

Phone: + 33 1 40 64 41 14

Mail: mradu@ccip.fr

entrepreneurship
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
  • Entrepreneurship consists in:
  • starting up new companies (start-up entrepreneurship)
  • carrying out new strategic initiatives within existing business (corporate entrepreneurship or intrapreneurship).

Entrepreneurship represents the essential lever to cope with

the new global « hypercompetitive » landscape :

CHANGE

COMPLEXITY

DECREASED ABILITY

TO FORECAST

THE FUTURE

INCREASED

RISK

entrepreneurial career choice determinant factors
ENTREPRENEURIAL CAREER CHOICE: DETERMINANT FACTORS
  • In your country, which one of these factors is the top priority of your Chamber’s entrepreneurial policies and activities? Which other should also be improved?
what is entrepreneurship
WHAT IS ENTREPRENEURSHIP?
  • Economists tend to agree that entrepreneurs, associated with innovation, are the driving forces of economical development;
  • Psychologists, sociologists and anthropologists underline the entrepreneur’s personal characteristics of creativity, risk-taking, need for achievement, internal locus of control;
  • Operations management specialists see entrepreneurs as good distributors and coordinators of resources;
  • Finance specialists define entrepreneurs as people able to evaluate and calculate financial risks;
  • Management specialists think that entrepreneurs develop visions to organize their activities and excel at organizing people and using resources;
  • Marketing specialists define entrepreneurs as people who identify opportunities, differentiate themselves and adopt customer-oriented thinking.
entrepreneurs vs managers

Inventor

Entrepreneur

Promoter

Manager, administrator

ENTREPRENEURS VS MANAGERS

High

Creativity

and

Innovation

Low

General management skills, business know-how, networks High

(cf. BIRLEY, S. MacMILLAN, I.C., 1997)

  • FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO WANT TO EVALUATE THEIR ENTREPRENEURIAL PROFILE: fill in the entrepreneurship scale.
entrepreneurship education training research
ENTREPRENEURSHIP : EDUCATION, TRAINING & RESEARCH

The first course on entrepreneurship was offered at the Harvard Business School in 1947.

The number of universities & business schools with entrepreneurship courses has increased from fewer than 10 in 1967 to more than 400 today ; the first doctoral graduates in entrepreneurship and small business appeared in the 1980s.

More than 1000 publications appear annually in the field of entrepreneurship, related to more than 50 conferences and published in 25 specialized reviews.

training for entrepreneurship positive impact in practice
TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP: POSITIVE IMPACT IN PRACTICE
  • In the search for more and better ways to develop entrepreneurs, therole of education and training is absolutely essential.
  • The entrepreneurship research literature has demonstrated that entrepreneurs with a good entrepreneurial education tend on the whole to be noticeably more successful than those with less entrepreneurial education, and even more successful when entrepreneurial education combines with experience.

Nevertheless, consensus is still lacking on what entrepreneurship education training (EET) should consist of.

training for entrepreneurship in france
TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN FRANCE
  • The field of entrepreneurship training is very diversified and heterogeneous, depending on teaching objectives, audiences, contents, the teachers’ profile, pedagogical methods and approaches, etc.
  • Entrepreneurship education has spread considerably over the last few years, and is currently in a structural phase.
  • Two recent initiatives clearly illustrate this process:
  • in 1998, the creation of the “Académie de l’Entrepreneuriat”, a French association of entrepreneurship teachers and trainers from the secondary and higher education levels;
  • in 2001, the creation of the “Observatoire des Pratiques Pédagogiques en Entrepreneuriat”, a joint initiative involving three government departments
  • whose primary mission is to identify entrepreneurship teaching and training activities throughout France.
slide9

TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP: CORE ISSUES

WHY :role of entrepreneurial education & training

FOR WHOM:students vs adults (VT), learning styles

WHAT:courses’ content

WHO SHOULD TEACH IT:

- professors / entrepreneurs

- profile & competencies

  • HOW:educational approaches
  • methods and objectives
  • design of the curriculum
  • TRAINING AND EDUCATIONAL
  • RESSOURCES:
  • books, databases, case studies
  • human and financial resources
  • EVALUATION’s outcomes
  • how to measure educational effectiveness?
  • short term/long term results: what indicators ?
slide10

CCIP AND TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP

ADVANCIA

Develop Entrepreneurial Potentials

(INCUBATOR ; VOCATIONAL TRAINING)

Create New Profiles of Entrepreneurs

and new contexts for entrepreneurship (MASTER).

Transfer Skills to develop new enterprises and

help new entrepreneurs establish their business.

Create New Profiles

of

Intrapreneurs/

Managers

(STEGE).

TECOMAH

ESCF

CCIP

ESCP- EAP

HEC

Develop the skills of established entrepreneurs (CESA)

Develop Family Business (CESA)

Develop Start-ups (Challenge +).

training for entrepreneurship group discussion
TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP : GROUP DISCUSSION
  • What kind of entrepreneurship education and training programs do already exist or will be developed in the near future by your Chamber?
advancia maison de l entrepreneuriat
ADVANCIA – « MAISON DE L’ENTREPRENEURIAT»
  • THE PARIS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY, the larger Chamber of Commerce in France, launched Advancia (december the 1st, 2004).
  • MAIN PURPOSE: to build an important educational institution entirely dedicated to business’ start-up and take-over.
  • POLITICAL, ECONOMICAL AND REGIONAL CONTEXT: to help attain the goal of creating 1 million new French entreprises in the next 5 years; to develop the entrepreneurial spirit, skills and motivation.
  • PROJECT ORIGINALITY: unique pedagogical offer, incubator (30 new projects/year), research centre on entrepreneurship (pluridisciplinary studies - entrepreneurial management and intrapreneurship, entrepreneurial humanities), an international summer school for young entrepreneurs (july 2005).
slide13

TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP –

TWO COMPLEMENTARY APPROACHES

  • PROCESS MANAGEMENT
  • Rationalization & improvement of risk-taking and decision-making strategies
  • COMPETENCE MANAGEMENT
  • Motivation enhancement & development of entrepreneurial competences

Competences acquisition and development plan (self-evaluation, co-evaluation, hetero-evaluation)

Operational project management plan (action planification and monitoring)

pedagogical design ofADVANCIA - CCIP

training for entrepreneurship advancia ccip 1
TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP:ADVANCIA – CCIP (1)

ADVANCIA’s entrepreneurial training program key objectives:

the acquisition of a transversal business vision and experience

the development and management of the entrepreneurial spirit and creativity

PEDAGOGICAL DESIGN – action-oriented curriculum

In order to become

   1. Entrepreneur (start-up or take-over of an enterprise)

2. «Intrapreneur» or an entrepreneurial manager

      3. Promoter of entrepreneurial culture and/or politics (policy maker, researcher, lobbyist)

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES – 3 profiles

slide15

TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP:ADVANCIA – CCIP (2)

CONTINUED

EDUCATION

UNDERGRADUATE

EDUCATION

GRADUATE

EDUCATION

2005

2005-2010

2005-2007

Seminars

and Training

Programmes

Incubator

Management

Studies

Finance

Master

in

Entrepreneurial Studies

Entrepreneurial

Studies

3-6 months

sessions

Designing

one’s own

Entrepreneurial

Profile

Fundamentals

and Entrepreneurial

Humanities

(1st year)

2-15 days

sessions

Certificate

and diploma

courses

slide16

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MASTER IN ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES

Survey about needs in entrepreneurial trainings

sent to professionals

Consultation of entrepreneurs

Consultation of academics

List of entrepreneurial competences

+ List of entrepreneurial specific knowledge

(‘référentiel’)

Graduate Education:

Master in Entrepreneurship

Courses and options

Training in project

management

  • Internships:
  • As an intrapreneur/promoter of entrepreneurial culture + politics
  • As an entrepreneur

Actors of the programme: Teachers, Private coaches, Professionals coaches from the CCIP, Enterprises, Associations, Administrations

training for entrepreneurship advancia ccip 3 the master in entrepreneurial studies
TRAINING FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP: ADVANCIA – CCIP (3)THE MASTER IN ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES
  • PROGRAM’s originality:
  • to develop general managerial competences and to encourage a diversity of entrepreneurial profiles(variety of students’ social and educational backgrounds and entrepreneurial projects).
  • to improve and manage personal and group creativity (critical thinking, creativity techniques, team building, etc.).
advancia s master in entrepreneurial studies the list of competences
ADVANCIA’S MASTER IN ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES:THE LIST OF COMPETENCES

Entrepreneurship is more than just starting and managing a business.

  • the ability to create and build something new (an organization, an association, a network, a business, etc.)
  • the ability to identify and evaluate an opportunity
  • the ability to build a founding team
  • the know-how to find and control resources (often owned by others)
  • the willingness to take calculated risks, both personal and financial, in order to succeed.
  • PLEASE TAKE A LOOK AT THE COMPETENCE LIST OF ADVANCIA’S MASTER AND THINK OF YOUR OWN NATIONAL CONTEXT: Which one of these competences do you regard as the most / the least important? What other competences would you add to that list in order to adjust our program to your own country’s needs?
advancia s master in entrepreneurial studies the course list
ADVANCIA’S MASTER IN ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES:THE COURSE LIST

COURSES:

FUNDAMENTALS & OPTIONS

(management, entrepreneurial humanities)

COMPETENCES’ ACQUISITION (focus on reflection)

COMPETENCES’ DEVELOPMENT (focus on action)

PROJECT MANAGEMENT, INTERNSHIPS, INCUBATOR

  • PLEASE TAKE A LOOK AT THE COURSE LIST OF ADVANCIA’S MASTER AND THINK OF YOUR OWN NATIONAL CONTEXT: what other courses would you add to that list in order to adjust our program to your own country’s needs (TARGET: lobbyist profile)? Which one of these courses would you remove from the list?
advancia s incubator a business culture environment 1
ADVANCIA’S INCUBATOR: A BUSINESS CULTURE & ENVIRONMENT (1)
  • COACHING SESSIONS – ENTREPRENEURS’ INTERVENTIONS (creativity, personal development)
  • TEAMWORK (project management)
  • EXPERT CONFERENCES – TEACHERS & EXTERNAL GUESTS (financial issues, law, national & international regulation systems, communication strategies, networking, etc.)

ALUMNI :

sponsoring & networking for new entrants.

30 projects each year (3-6 months).

advancia s incubator a business culture environment 2
ADVANCIA’S INCUBATOR: A BUSINESS CULTURE & ENVIRONMENT (2)

PARTNERS: CCIP and the TOWN COUNCIL of PARIS

Main criterium for project selection:

the potential impact on the economical development of the region (project’s originality and job creation potential)

AFTER THE INCUBATOR

  • BUSINESS NURSERY
  • CCIP business nursery: Paris Solleillet
  • Business start-up and development
  • International development counselling
  • Information and training services
the ideal entrepreneurship training program teamwork
« THE IDEAL ENTREPRENEURSHIPTRAINING PROGRAM » - TEAMWORK

In teams of 3 or 4 members, choose one of the Advancia’s two programs for entrepreneurship training (the Master in Entrepreneurial Studies or the Incubator) ; take it as a reference point and try to adapt it to your country’s business and political environment, as well as to your students’ potential expectations.

  • Write down a list of potential expectations of students in your country who might attend an entrepreneurial training program.
  • Design an alternative entrepreneurial training program for a target from your country (students/adults/unemployed people) : brainstorming session (« the ideal entrepreneurship program »).
  • Share with us your entrepreneurship training ideas (brainstorming’s results).
concluding reflection
CONCLUDING REFLECTION

Key interrogation: to what extent can any form of education enhance theentrepreneurial competences?