The Growth of New Ideas The Renaissance. By: Mr. Hunter. The Renaissance. 1. What were the Crusades? What was their impact on Europe? 2. What was the Renaissance? When did it exist? Where did it begin? 3. What kinds of great works emerged during the Renaissance?. Giotto.
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The Growth of New IdeasThe Renaissance By: Mr. Hunter
The Renaissance • 1. What were the Crusades? What was their impact on Europe? • 2. What was the Renaissance? When did it exist? Where did it begin? • 3. What kinds of great works emerged during the Renaissance?
Giotto • Giotto was among the first artists to show how light shines on objects in nature. • He illuminated one side of an object and painted the opposite side in shadow. • Try it!
Renaissance • Religion vs. Education/Art • _____ hired artists and scholars to beautify cities and increase their status. • The subjects of art changed from a solely _____ subject to a wider variety of subjects.
Leonardo da Vinci • Da Vinci studied water, birds, and the human body. • Da Vinci drew people, buildings, machines, and ideas for inventions. • Da Vinci was also an engineer, scientist and inventor.
Leonardo da Vinci • What do you think Leonardo da Vinci’s last words should be?
William Shakespeare • Wrote a series of popular stage plays
Shakespeare • Romeo and Juliet • Macbeth • Othello • Twelfth Night
Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds, Or bends with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken. Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks Within his bending sickle's compass come: Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom. If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved. William Shakespeare sonnet
Reformation • What do you think set the stage for the Reformation to occur? • Who was Martin Luther? Do you agree or disagree with the ideals for which he stood? • Why were Martin Luther’s followers called Protestants? • Why did Protestants push to expand education?
Trade Routes • The Portugese sailed east around Africa looking for the shortest trade route to Asia, while the Spanish sailed west, across the Atlantic and around South America. Use the map to decide which route is the shortest • Use the scale on the map to calculate two water routes from Spain to Asia: one traveling east and one traveling west.
Why was each important? • Prince Henry the Navigator • Bartholomeu Dias • Vasco da Gama • Christopher Columbus • Ferdinand Magellan • John Cabot
Revolution • What do you think of when you think of the word revolution? • What do you think a scientific revolution is? • What do you think an Industrial revolution is?
Scientific Revolution • Scientific Revolution: Scientific discoveries that changed the way Europeans looked at the world • How did each of the following contribute to the Scientific Revolution: Galileo, Leeuwenhoek, and Linnaeus Linnaeus?
Industrial Revolution • Industrial Revolution: began in the late 1700’s and brought about a change in the way things were produced • People moved from rural to urban areas. Why?
Workshop of the World • 1. What population made up the labor force? What were the working conditions like for these people? • 2. What is capitalism? • 3. How were cities affected by industrialization?
Child Labor • Child labor laws begin in Great Britain in 1802, with a law to control the use of children from poor families as apprentices in cotton mills. • In the Middle East, more than 10 percent of all workers are children
French Revolution • 1. What were the causes of the French Revolution? • 2. What happened during the Reign of Terror? • 3. What were the fates of King Louis XVI and Marie Antionette? • 4. Who restored order to France?
Causes • Food shortages • Hunger • Heavy taxes • Uncaring government
20 questions • Create a list of questions the French citizens might have used to design a new government. • The government was a monarchy when it was overthrown. • Money, laws, conflicts, etc.
Russia • The Mongols from eastern Asia conquered Russia in the 13th century. • Russia broke free from the Mongols in the 15th century.
Ivan IV- Ivan The Terrible • Ivan was 16-years old whenever he was crowned czar, or emperor. • Unlimited government- one person hold all of the power
Ivan The Terrible • He threw dogs and cats at the walls of the Kremlin. • He beat up old women and farmers. • He threw himself before icons, banging his head on the floor.
Ivan IV • He ordered soldiers to murder Russian nobles and church leaders who opposed him. • New laws under his rule forced the peasants of Russia to become serfs (forced laborers/modified slaves).
Peter the Great • Had St. Petersburg built to model Paris, London, and Vienna.
Peter the Great • He used the ideas of the inventions of the Scientific Revolution to modernize and strengthen Russia. • He built new schools. • He reformed the army. • He ordered Russians to dress like Europeans (shave off their beads).
Catherine the Great • Added many lands to Russia (Ukraine/Belarus) • Carried on the legacy of Peter the Great • Crushed the uprising of peasants
Rich (wealthy nobles) vs. Poor (peasants) • Compare/contrast the wealthy nobles with the poor peasants. • How did this lead to Bloody Sunday?
The End of the Russian Empire • What problems led to the Russian revolution in 1917? • What happened to the Russian monarchy?