Accident & FY 2009 Review for New Orleans Chapter - ASSE & Delta Safety Society Baton Rouge Area Office
How It Is HazComm Emergency Preparedness Bloodborne Pathogens OSHA Respiratory Protection Lockout/Tagout Hearing Conservation PPE SHMS
How It Ought to Be HazComm Emergency Preparedness Bloodborne Pathogens SHMS Respiratory Protection Lockout/Tagout Hearing Conservation PPE OSHA Compliance
To Assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.
Company Information • Roofing Contractor, SIC 1761 • 3 employees – On site • Primary work – Roofing Repair • No prior OSHA inspections
Employee Is Killed When He Falls From Steep Roof • At approximately 8:00 a.m., two employees arrived on site to continue restoration of a church roof. • Employee #1 ascended to the roof by ladder on the north side of the church, followed by Employee #2. • Employee #1 proceeded to climb to the peak of the roof, where he stood…, while employee #2 climbed the ladder.
Fall From Steep Roof • Employee #1 lost his balance and fell on the roof. • He continued to slide 30 feet down the side of the steep roof. • After reaching the gutter at the edge of the roof, he continued to fall 30 feet to the concrete sidewalk below.
Fall From Steep Roof • The surface of the roof had been covered with sheets of moisture guard insulation, which had accumulated morning dew making it slippery. • As a result of the accident, the employee was hospitalized with severe head trauma and died the following day.
Standards Cited • 1926.501(b)(11) Duty to have fall protection • 1926.503(a)(1)Training requirements
Company Information • Bridge Construction - SIC 1622 • 2 employees – On site • Primary work – Crane Operations ("Lima" BLH, 50-Ton, model 500T, #3511-12) • No prior OSHA inspections
Crane Accident • A crane operator, in the process of extracting a drill casing that was imbedded 100’ below the mud line of the Mississippi River, experienced a catastrophic failure of the crane’s boom. • The boom fell to the deck of adjacent “spud barge,” striking and killing a member of the contracted survey crew.
General Duty Clause Cited 1) …The employer did not insure that employee(s) designated to operate a barge-mounted crane to extract spuds and drill casing from the Mississippi River had been trained or had previous experience in the marine operation they were assigned to perform…
General Duty Clause Reference …Among other methods, one feasible and acceptable method to abate the hazard includes, but is not limited to, implementation of the required elements of ASME B30.8-2004, Floating Cranes And Derricks, chapter 8-3 Operation, section .1.2, Qualifications for Operators, subsection (a) which states, … "Operators shall be required by the employer to pass a written or oral examination and a practical operation examination unless satisfactory evidence of qualifications and experience can be furnished. Qualifications shall be limited to the specific type of equipment for which examined..."
Operator Statement …the operator stated that he had noexperience in the work he was assigned to perform. “…first time (I had) pulled casing, period.” “…hadn’t pulled a spud at this site, or anywhere else.”
General Duty Clause Cited 2) Employees were exposed to the hazards the overload and failure of the boom on barge-mounted truck crane during operations to extract a drill casing of unknown weight from the Mississippi River.
General Duty Clause Reference …Among other methods, one feasible and acceptable method to abate the hazard includes, but is not limited to, adherence to the required elements of ASME B30.8-2004, Floating Cranes And Derricks, chapter 8-3 Operating Practices, section .2.1, Load Weight, subsection (a) which states,… "No crane or derrick shall be loaded beyond the load rating, except for test purposes as provided in section 8-2.2..."
Operator Statement … a load rating chart was posted on the outside of the crane's cab door. He stated he determined the load rating for lifting pipe casing and spuds “by feel.”
Standard Cited 1926.550(a)(6) Cranes and derricks A thorough, annual inspection of the hoisting machinery shall be made by a competent person, or by a government or private agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Labor. The employer shall maintain a record of the dates and results of inspections for each hoisting machine and piece of equipment.
Employer Statement …The employer was unable to provide information/documentation regarding the engineering design and analysis of the assembled barge crane structure. The employer stated that barge crane was constructed “in-house.”
Fatality TypesLouisiana FY 2009 Falls, 13, 30% Source: BRAO
Louisiana FatalitiesFY 2001 – FY 2009 47 44 43 41 48 39 36 40 30 Source: BRAO
Louisiana Fatalities FY 2009By Industry Source: BRAO
Louisiana FY09 Fatalities byCompany Size Greater 250 25% 11 Fatalities 101 to 250 5% 2 Fatalities 51 to 100 8% 8 Fatalities 11 to 50 10% 10 Fatalities 10 or Less 28% 12 Fatalities Source: BRAO
Struck By What?FY 2009 Louisiana Fatalities • Vehicle 6 (dump truck, bobcat, truck, etc…) • Forklift (part of forklift) 4 • Pipes 2 • Load (crane) 1 • Other 6 Struck By Fatalities 19
Types of Construction FatalitiesFY 2009 Louisiana Fatalities • Falls: 7, 40% • Struck By: 7, 40% • Electrocution: 2, 5% • Caught in Between: 2, 5% Construction Fatalities: 18
Interesting Fatality FactsFY 2009 Louisiana Fatalities 3 gutter installation 2 crane related events (load shifted, fell on employee; tip over, employee falls into river) 1 trench cave-in 2 electrocutions involving ladders 4 forklifts or rough terrain forklifts
Types of Oil and Gas FatalitiesFY 2009 Louisiana Fatalities Struck By: 3 (2 falling pipes, dash of boat) Electrocution 1 (ladder) Caught In Between: 1 (rotating shaft) Oil and Gas Fatalities: 5
Event LocationsFY 2009 Louisiana Fatalities New Orleans 12, 28% Baton Rouge 7,16% Garyville/ Reserve 2, 5% Southwest 9, 21% South 7,16% North 6, 14%
What to Do Going Forward Evaluate risks at worksites, especially multiemployer safety issues More focus in training to employee and documentation Review company recordkeeping Focus on PPE standard requirements Focus on evacuation plans and emergency response
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Disclaimer This information has been developed by an OSHA Compliance Assistance Specialist and is intended to assist employers, workers, and others as they strive to improve workplace health and safety. While we attempt to thoroughly address specific topics [or hazards], it is not possible to include discussion of everything necessary to ensure a healthy and safe working environment in a presentation of this nature. Thus, this information must be understood as a tool for addressing workplace hazards, rather than an exhaustive statement of an employer’s legal obligations, which are defined by statute, regulations, and standards. Likewise, to the extent that this information references practices or procedures that may enhance health or safety, but which are not required by a statute, regulation, or standard, it cannot, and does not, create additional legal obligations. Finally, over time, OSHA may modify rules and interpretations in light of new technology, information, or circumstances; to keep apprised of such developments, or to review information on a wide range of occupational safety and health topics, you can visit OSHA’s website at www.osha.gov.