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Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy). CLOSING THE FINAL LINK AROUND AFRICA. Overview. Introduction Current Scenario The Opportunity System Configuration and Global Connectivity Potential Investors Key features of the proposed System Benefits to Africa Project Costs

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eastern africa submarine cable system eassy

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy)

CLOSING THE FINAL LINK AROUND AFRICA

overview
Overview
  • Introduction
  • Current Scenario
  • The Opportunity
  • System Configuration and Global Connectivity
  • Potential Investors
  • Key features of the proposed System
  • Benefits to Africa
  • Project Costs
  • Project Status
  • Planned Project Milestones
introduction
Introduction
  • Liberalisation of the telecommunications sector has led to evolution of internet, VOIP, mobile market & integrated network solutions.
  • It is therefore necessary that an appropriate infrastructure is developed to carry the rapidly increasing traffic.
  • The Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System has been conceived in this context.

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

current scenario
Current Scenario
  • West Africa covered by SAT-3/WASC & Atlantis-2
  • Currently no other cable initiative for East Africa
  • Eastern Africa Region exclusively reliant on Satellite
  • Limited satellite capacity, earth station and terrestrial infrastructure in region
  • Increase in demand for intra-regional and global connectivity, data services and VOIP
  • Low demand for telecommunications systems globally – buyers-market in submarine cable industry!
current scenario5
Current Scenario
  • NEPAD has identified and endorsed the East African cable as a priority project.
  • The proposed East African Submarine Cable will provide the last link to completely encircle Africa by high capacity optic fibre telecommunications networks

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

the opportunity
The Opportunity
  • Hi quality broadband international connectivity reaching Madagascar, Eastern & Southern Africa
  • Restoration for EASSy via existing submarine cables such as SAFE, Sea-Me-We-3, SAT-3
  • Access to untapped emerging markets in voice, mobile and Internet traffic
  • Reduce Region’s dependency on Satellite
  • Lower network costs at higher bandwidth

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

slide7

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System (EASSy)

Zanzibar

Mahajanga

Mtunzini

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

slide8

Malaba

Zanzibar

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

slide9

Global Connectivity

SEA ME WE 3

20

SAT-3/WASC

SAFE

1

2

3

4

16

23

8

7

17

6

5

9

25

10

22

24

21

11

19

15

14

18

13

12

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

strategic global coverage

Japan

Germany

Portugal

Egypt

Malaysia

India

Senegal

Brazil

Australia

South Africa

Strategic Global Coverage

56 Countries

SEA-ME-WE-3 (35Countries)

ATLANTIS-2

(6 Countries)

EASSy

(11 Countries)

SAFE

(5 Countries)

SAT-3 / WASC

(11 Countries)

investment interest
Investment Interest
  • The following (11) parties have signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the development of the system:
    • Telkom Kenya
    • Zanzibar Telecom
    • Uganda Telecom
    • MTN Uganda
    • TDM Mozambique
    • Telkom South Africa
    • Djibouti Telecom
    • Sentech
    • Telecom Malagasy
    • Rwanda Telecom
    • Botswana Telecom

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

slide12
Signed LOI & C&NDA

Swaziland

Lesotho

Ethiopia

Not Signed LOI&C&NDA

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Eritrea

Sudan

Seychelles

Burundi

DR Congo

Somalia

Comoros

Potential Participants from other African Countries

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

potential international investors
Potential International Investors

The following International Carriers among

others have shown interest in the project and

their participation is expected in the form of

investment.

  • Belgacom – Belgium, BT - UK
  • Teleglobe – Canada ,Telenor - Norway
  • AT&T & MCI - USA
  • France Telecom ,KPN - Netherlands
  • Cable & Wireless and Telekom Malaysia

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

key features of the system
Key Features of the System
  • The completion of an optic fibre ring around Africa in conjunction with other optic fibre submarine cable systems
  • The first optic fibre connectivity between Eastern Africa and the global optic fibre network
  • A superior optic fibre connectivity utilizing Synchronous Digital Hierarchy, direct Optical Amplification and Wavelength Division Multiplexing technology
  • High capacity
  • Superior quality
  • Cost-effective alternative transmission medium
  • Provides excellent diversity and restoration options for the users

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

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Djibouti

Mogadishu

(Somalia)

Optional Branch

and BU

Mombasa

(Kenya)

Repeaterless

Optional link

Zanzibar

(Tanzania)

Repeaterless

Optional link

Mahajanga

(Madagascar)

Maputo

(Mozambique)

Mtunzini

(South Africa)

Configuration

Dar Es Salaam

(Tanzania)

technical description
Technical Description
  • System length 8 840 km
  • Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing Technology (DWDM)
  • Direct Optical Amplification Technology
  • Additional feeder network through repeaterless festoon systems, if required
  • 2 fibre pair system configured as a collapsed ring
  • Proposed ultimate capacity per fiber pair
    • 16 or 32 wavelengths at 10 Gbit/s
    • Total capacity of 320 or 640 Gb/s
  • Initial equipage: 1 or 2 wavelengths per fiber
  • System design life of 25 years.

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

benefits to africa
Benefits to Africa
  • Improved high capacity optic fibre connectivity within Africa and the rest of the world.
  • Enables new services and products not possible before due to bandwidth restrictions
  • Contributes towards the socio-economic development of the region
  • Reduced unit costs (capital and operational) for global connectivity, leading to increased profits
  • Reduced out payments to foreign telecommunications (satellite) facility providers.
  • Direct routes through own infrastructure obviate the need for transits through Third Parties - reduced out payments.
  • Expansion in inter-Africa trade, facilitated by better communication in the region.

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

project costs
Project Costs
  • Project cost for a system from SA to Djibouti estimated at US$200 Million
  • This includes US$170 million for the System Supply and US$30 million for project management
  • The above excludes the cable station building and ancillary services which is estimated at US$2Million each.
  • There are planned 8 cable stations at Mtunzini - South Africa, Mahajanga - Madagascar, Maputo-Mozambique, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar –Tanzania, Mombasa – Kenya, Mogadishu – Somalia and Djibouti – Djibouti.

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

project status
Project Status
  • Initial feasibility study completed
  • MOU signed by eleven (11) parties.
  • Project Management Committee (PMC) and Working Groups formed.
  • PMC chairman and Working Group Team Leaders appointed.
  • Tasks in the next phase are as follows:
    • Carrying out detailed feasibility study
    • Developing the project financing model
    • Drafting of Construction & Maintenance Agreement
    • Invitation of tenders for supply of System

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

project management committee
Project Management Committee
  • PMC Chairman – Telkom Kenya
  • Project Secretariat - Telkom Kenya
  • Project Coordinator - Zanzibar Telecom
  • Commercial &Finance WG Leader - Uganda Telecom
  • Interim Procurement WG Leader – Telkom South Africa
  • Construction &Maintenance Agreement WG Leader – TDM Mozambique
  • Backhaul Coordination WG - NEPAD

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

planned project milestones
Planned Project Milestones
  • Sign MOU Q4 2003
  • Agree on Configuration Q2 2004
  • Issue Invitation to Tender Q3 2004
  • Financial Closing Q4 2004
  • Sign Supply Contract & C&MA Q2 2005
  • Cable RFCS Q4 2006

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

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Conclusion

The successful implementation of the East African Submarine Cable System is expected to make significant contribution to the development and provision of ICT services and facilitate the intra-regional as well as international trade.

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System

the end
The End

Eastern Africa Submarine Cable System