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Eastern and Southern Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Eastern and Southern Africa

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  1. Eastern and Southern Africa by: Mr. Hunter

  2. Predict how you think this region will be similar and different from the other regions of Africa we have studied.

  3. Eastern and Southern Africa • 1. Why did empires develop in Eastern and Southern Africa? Use the following words in your paragraph answer: trade, Aksum, ships, metals, silk

  4. Great Zimbabwe List as many adjectives as you can think of to describe the Great Zimbabwe.

  5. Eastern and Southern Africa

  6. Masai • They live along the border of Kenya and Tanzania, moving their homes from time to time to follow their cattle, the source of their livelihood. • They drink cow's milk and blood as a sacred drink • They use the cows' dung to cover and seal their homes

  7. Masai • Group land ownership • Fought each other over water and grazing rights • Suffered long droughts

  8. Masai The more cattle a man owns, the richer he is considered to be. A man who owns 50 or fewer cattle is considered poor. "Rich" men have a thousand or more. The cattle, though owned by the men, are considered to belong to the man's entire family. The family names the cattle and can recognize each animal's distinct voice.

  9. Masai

  10. Zulu • Means “people of Heaven” • Nomadic farming villagers • Shaka Zulu • Women use beads to communicate through art. Different colored beads convey different messages.

  11. Zulu • Dancing and singing are central to their culture • Why did the Masai and the Zulu lose most of their territory?

  12. Masai Proverbs • If you rattle a snake, you should be prepared to be bitten by it. • The one who fetches the water is the one who is likely to break the pot. • I have come a long way; the journey has exhausted me.

  13. You are a TV reporter and you have the opportunity to visit the Masai or Zulu tribe in Africa! You are going to create 15 interview questions that exhibit critical thinking skills (HOT). Include the following words in your questions: teach, urge, honor, explain, discourage, boast, convince, emphasize, evaluate!

  14. Eastern and Southern Africa • How did the end of WW II affect African colonies? • What is the history of government in many African nations since they gained independence?

  15. Government • Explain why forty-five Somalians were sent to jail.

  16. Rwanda • How did women gain their constitutional rights in Rwanda?

  17. THE GEOGRAPHY OF EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA Make a chart with columns for all of the African regions. Create rows with these headings: topography, climate, animals, and plants. Use information from the Internet (Eastern and Southern Africa Website) to complete your chart. Use color to highlight the similarities among all three regions. Use a different color to highlight the things that are different among the regions. Use Microsoft Word to create your chart.

  18. Economies/Culture

  19. Economies/Culture • _____ is the primary industry in Eastern and Southern Africa, even though _____ is a serious problem. • Some examples of crops in Africa are _____ , _____ , _____ .

  20. In areas where there is not enough rain to support an agricultural economy, many people are nomadic ______ . • This is a way of life in which people raise sheep, goats, and cattle, that often times results in _____ and _____ .

  21. How has Lake Victoria been important to economy?

  22. What question belongs here? • Mineral resources • Manufacturing job availability • Cooperation between countries in Southern Africa • Improvement of transportation/communication

  23. Why is Southern Africa’s economy so strong? • Mineral resources • Manufacturing job availability • Cooperation between countries in Southern Africa • Improvement of transportation/communication

  24. Family • 1. How are family relationships changing in Eastern and Southern Africa? • 2. Describe several kinds of music in Southern Africa. • 3. How did African music reach different parts of the world?

  25. Religion • Today, 85%of Southern and Eastern Africans practice _____ or _____ . • Only 15% practice a _______ ______ religion, which oftentimes includes worship of the _____ , _____, and _____ .

  26. True or False: This picture was taken in South Africa.

  27. TRUE! • Any of the open grazing areas of southern Africa are known as the _____ . • The world’s largest and richest gold field is located in ______ and called ______ .

  28. History • Create a timeline and find a date and picture for events that happened in the following years: 1652, 1800’s, 1850’s, 1889-1902, 1896, 1910, 1948, 1950’s, 1970’s/80’s, 1985, 1989, 1993, 1999