Inorganic arsenic
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Inorganic Arsenic. Contents of the regulation. Regulation is limited to: copper aceto-arsenite and all inorganic compounds containing arsenic except arsine A copy of the regulation is available to employees Regulated areas. 1a. Contents of the regulation. Post signs. 1b.

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Contents of the regulation

  • Regulation is limited to:

    • copper aceto-arsenite and

    • all inorganic compounds containing arsenic except arsine

  • A copy of the regulation is available to employees

  • Regulated areas

1a



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Contents of the regulation

  • Only authorized persons may enter regulated areas

  • List job titles/functions of those allowed to access regulated areas

1c


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Contents of the regulation

  • Make monitoring program clear to employees

    • Company has obligation to control exposures

  • Permissible exposure limits

  • Engineering and work practice controls

1d


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Contents of the regulation

  • Inform employees:

    • at least quarterly for employees who have optional use of respirators

    • at least annually of the information in the regulation

1e


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Contents of the regulation

  • Training must include:

    • proper work practices

    • emergency procedures

    • proper use of PPE

  • Employees must be able to observe air monitoring

1f


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Contents of the regulation

  • Air monitoring depends upon the following factors:

    • Above the action level but below the PEL - at least every 6 months

    • Changes in personnel, processes, controls

1g


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Contents of the regulation

  • Companies must develop and implement a written compliance plan

1h


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Material safety data sheets (MSDSs)

  • Hazard communication program

  • Where to get copies of MSDSs

    • 29 CFR 1910.1200

2a


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Material safety data sheets (MSDSs)

  • Labeling requirements

2b


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Material safety data sheets (MSDSs)

  • Keep labels useable, legible

2c


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Health hazards

  • Immediate (acute) effects

    • Skin contact - corrosive, irritation

    • Ingestion - pain, vomiting, diarrhea

    • Inhalation - cough, chest pain, weakness

3a


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Health hazards

  • Long-term (chronic) effects

    • Inhalation - chronic poisoning

      • First phase

      • Second phase

      • Third phase

    • Carcinogenic

    • Liver damage is still debated

    • Affects bone marrow

3b


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Engineering controls

  • Primary methods of exposure control

  • Review controls and practices

4a


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Emergency procedures

  • Everyone must understand his/her duties/assignments

  • Know how to report emergencies

5a


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Emergency procedures

  • Know how to evacuate safely

  • Know facility emergency plan

  • Respond within scope of training

5b


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Medical surveillance

  • Required for all employees:

    • exposed above the action level for 30+ days/year

    • exposed during an emergency

    • showing signs/symptoms of exposure

6a


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Medical surveillance

  • Exposure thresholds are determined without respirator use

6b


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Medical surveillance

  • Examinations will be:

    • prior to assignment

    • at least annually for employees under 45 years old with fewer than 10 years of exposure over the action level

6c


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Medical surveillance

  • Examinations will be:

    • at least semi-annually for other employees

    • whenever an employee shows signs/symptoms of toxic levels of exposure

6d


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Medical surveillance

  • Examination includes:

    • work and medical history

    • posterior/anterior chest x-ray

    • nasal and skin examination

    • sputum cytology exam

    • any other tests deemed necessary

6e


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Medical surveillance

  • Physician gives written opinion, including:

    • all test results

    • the physician’s opinion about employee’s medical condition

    • recommended limitations

6f


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Medical surveillance

  • Physician gives written opinion, including:

    • a statement that the employee has been informed of results

    • if there is a need for further treatment

6g


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Medical surveillance

  • Records are required to be retained by the employer:

    • X-rays for the most recent five years

    • Cytologic exam slide and written descriptions for the most recent five years

6h


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Medical surveillance

  • Records are required to be retained by the employer:

    • Cytologic exam slide with demonstrated atypia if atypia persists for three years

6i


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Medical surveillance

  • Records are required to be retained by the employer:

    • overall retention is for 40 years; or

    • the employee’s term of employment plus 20 years, whichever is longer

  • Employees have the right to access records

6j


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Personal protective equipment

  • Impermeable clothing

  • Gloves

  • Goggles

  • Face shields

7a


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Personal protective equipment

  • Other protective gear

  • Selection, use, inspection, limitations, cleaning and disposal

7b


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Personal protective equipment

  • Changing rooms

  • Lunch rooms

  • Removing/storing contaminated clothing

7c


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Personal protective equipment

  • Exposed workers must:

    • wash face and hands before eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics

    • take showers at the end of the shift

7d


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Personal protective equipment

  • Don’t take contaminated clothing home

  • Blowing or shaking clothes to remove arsenic is prohibited

7e


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Personal protective equipment

  • Respirators are required:

    • during the period necessary to install or implement engineering/work practice controls

    • in operations where engineering/work practice controls are not feasible

7f


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Personal protective equipment

  • Respirators are required:

    • in work operations where engineering/work practice controls do not reduce exposure below the PEL

    • in emergencies

7g


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Personal protective equipment

  • Workers have an affirmative duty to wear respirators

  • Periodic respirator fit tests are required

7h