electing a president l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ELECTING A PRESIDENT PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ELECTING A PRESIDENT

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

ELECTING A PRESIDENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 243 Views
  • Uploaded on

ELECTING A PRESIDENT. 2004 Presented by Ms. Reynolds. PRESIDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS. NATURAL BORN CITIZEN Must be born in the United States or born to a U.S. citizen anywhere in the world 35 YEARS OF AGE 14 YEAR RESIDENCY Must be living in the United States for 14 years. ELECTION PROCESS.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ELECTING A PRESIDENT' - Anita


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
electing a president

ELECTING A PRESIDENT

2004

Presented by Ms. Reynolds

presidential requirements
PRESIDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS
  • NATURAL BORN CITIZEN
    • Must be born in the United States or born to a U.S. citizen anywhere in the world
  • 35 YEARS OF AGE
  • 14 YEAR RESIDENCY
    • Must be living in the United States for 14 years
election process
ELECTION PROCESS
  • GET NOMINATED
    • Presidential candidate is nominated by a Nominating Convention
      • Convention meets about three months before the election
      • Delegates from all the states assemble and nominate a President/Vice President ticket
      • Delegates decide on a party platform
        • The issues the president will represent in the election
election process4
ELECTION PROCESS
  • GO TO THE PEOPLE
    • The candidates make speeches, appear at rallies, and present the party platform and their views on current issues
    • On the first Tuesday in November the voters go to the polls to vote for electors
    • The electors then vote for the candidates
election process5
ELECTION PROCESS
  • GATHER ELECTORAL VOTES
    • The group of electors vote for the President
    • Each elector has one electoral vote
    • Each state has a number of electors equal to the number of their Senators and Representatives
    • Known as the Electoral College
electoral college
ELECTORAL COLLEGE
  • A system established by the U.S. Constitution
    • The popular vote (votes by the citizens) is cast in November
    • In each state, except Maine and Nebraska, the candidate who receives the most popular votes wins all of the state’s electoral votes
      • Rule is called “Winner-take-all”
    • Electors cast their votes in December
electoral college7
ELECTORAL COLLEGE
  • A candidate can win the nation’s popular vote but still lose the Electoral College!
  • In most states, if one candidate gets more popular votes than the other candidates, he or she gets all of that state’s electoral votes
  • In 2000, Al Gore won the popular vote, but lost the electoral vote to George W. Bush
  • The candidate that wins at least 270 out of 538 electoral votes is declared President
majority plurality
MAJORITY? PLURALITY
  • A candidate must receive a majority of votes (over 50%) to become President
  • If no one has a majority, the person with the most votes has a plurality, but is not President
  • The constitution includes a clause that guides the selection process in the event of a plurality.
majority plurality9
MAJORITY? PLURALITY
  • If the Electoral College does not give any candidate the necessary majority, the House of Representatives chooses the President from among the top three candidates in electoral votes. Each state gets one vote and the President must be chosen by a majority of the states
majority plurality10
MAJORITY? PLURALITY
  • This constitutional clause has been used only twice
  • In 1800, Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tied with 69 electoral votes each and Jefferson became president
  • In 1824, Andrew Jackson led in electoral votes, but did not have a majority so the House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams as President after Henry Clay gave him his support
presidential powers and limitations
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • The President of the United States is one of the most powerful democratically elected officials in the world
  • His powers are stated in the Constitution and through the use of “checks and balances” his actions are always controlled and checked by the Legislative and/or Judicial branches.
presidential powers and limitations12
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • The President may not violate laws while he is in office. If he does the House of Representatives may bring impeachment charges against him. He would then be tried in the Senate and if two-thirds of the Senators vote to convict him he would be removed from office.
presidential powers and limitations13
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • CHIEF EXECUTOR
    • He enforces the Constitution and laws passed by Congress
    • Can issue executive orders
    • Appoints all government officials, including Cabinet officers, Supreme Court Justices, and others although his orders can be declared unconstitutional in the courts and his appointments must be approved by the Senate
presidential powers and limitations14
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • CHIEF LEGISLATOR
    • He can recall Congress into a special session
    • He may veto the bills passed by Congress or use his influence to get a bill passed or proposed
    • Congress can override the president’s veto by a two-thirds majority
presidential powers and limitations15
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • JUDICIAL POWERS
    • The president may grant pardons to most individuals
    • He has indirect control of the courts
    • He appoints all federal judges
    • All of his appointments must be approved by the Senate
presidential powers and limitations16
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • CHIEF AMBASSADOR
    • He determines the foreign policy of the nation, directs and negotiates treaties, and appoints other ambassadors and diplomats
    • These appointments must also be cleared by Congress
    • Treaties must be ratified by the Senate
presidential powers and limitations17
PRESIDENTIAL POWERS AND LIMITATIONS
  • COMMANDER IN CHIEF
    • He maintains civilian control over the military
    • He appoints top military commanders, gives them military advice, and has the power to discharge officers
    • He can order the armed forces into action
    • He cannot commit U.S. troops to international conflicts for more than 90 days without a formal declaration of war, a power reserved for Congress
backup plan
BACKUP PLAN

THE CONSTITUTION

In case of death, resignation, or removal of the President, the Constitution states that he would be succeeded by the Vice President

If there is a vacancy in the Presidency and the Vice Presidency, Speaker of the House of Representatives, then the President pro tempore of the Senate, and then the Cabinet members starting with the Secretary of State fills those positions

25 th amendment
25th AMENDMENT
  • This amendment was passed in 1967 and stated that in cases of Presidential disability, the Vice President would take office until the disability was resolved
  • If the Vice President becomes President, he could appoint a new Vice President, subject to approval by the Congress