Outline Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil General Information EMBRAPA Brazil EDUCATION Brazil Production Agriculture
Exports: Population growth rate: Birth rate: Infant mortality rate: Life expectancy at birth: Imports: Area: 18.45 births/1,000 population total: 8,511,965 sq km9,629,091land: 8,456,510 sq km 9,158,960water: 55,455 sq km 470,131 $55.8 billion (f.o.b., 2000) $55.1 billion (f.o.b., 2000) 36.96 deaths/1,000 live births 63.24 years 0.91% General Brazil Population for Brazil: 176.009.706 m 26 States Coffee, Soybeans, Wheat, Rice, Corn, Sugar cane, Cocoa Beef, Iron, Planes Machinery, Oil, Electricity
Literacy: total population: 83.3% Education IBGE Brazil Investment in Education: 3% Education organization: Primary 8 years Secondary3 years Higher Education Primary enrollment : (Free) 58% > 27.5 million primary school (75%) FINISH Secondary enrollment : 1.4% > 10.3 million secondary school Universities: All states have one 68 major world wide accredited Universities 35 are Federal Professor/student ratio: 1:24
Production Agriculture Brazil
The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation April 26, 1973 Mission is to provide feasible solutions for the sustainable development of the Brazilian agribusiness by generating, adapting and transferring knowledge and technology that benefits the Brazilian Society. Present in almost all the states of the Union, each with its own ecological conditions 9000 technologies for Brazilian agriculture 1002 Ph.D & 961 M.Sc.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTORSHIP DIRECTOR ADMINISTRATIVE COUNCIL • EMBRAPA’S ORGANIZATIONAL CHART UNIVERSITIES INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION RESEARCH UNITS CONGRESS RELATIONS PUBLIC RELATIONS DIRECTOR’S OFFICE LEGAL ADVISORY STRATIGIC MANAGEMENT TRAINING Extension RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT
Embrapa's Top Priority Programs • Appraisal, Management and reclamation • Of Natural Resources . Organizing and systematizing information on natural resources 2. Genetic Resources & Biotechnology . Conservation of genetic resources 3. Biotechnology . Based on market oriented demands . Developing new varieties resistant to stress from agroecological systems
5. Vegetable Production Embrapa's Top Priority Programs 4. Grain Production . Production technology for grains . Soybeans, rice, beans corn and sorghum, wheat, sunflower, cowpea, barley, and triticale . The generation of technology processes, knowledge and competitive products for the fruit, vegetable and cassava sectors 6. Animal Production . Developing techniques and strategies for the rational exploration of the main species important for the economy
Embrapa's Top Priority Programs 7. Environmental Quality . Evaluating environmental quality and agricultural sustainability 8. Small Farm Agriculture Generate or adapt technology and know how capable of establishing a developmental process, better conditions for the stability and multiplication of small farming units and in this way better the quality of life of the small farmer and his family founded on greater integration of market economy conditions
40 Research Units, • and 15 central units Embrapa co-ordinates the National Agricultural Research System, consisting of universities, research institutes and state research corporations. The company has ongoing technical and scientific co-operation programs with more than 150 institutions from 56 countries.
Research Units BEEF CATTLE Para GOATS Ceara COTTON Paraiba CERRADOS Acre BEEF CATTLE Mato Grosso COFFEE Brasilia RICE & BEANS Goiania FORESTRY Parana SOYBEANS Parana WHEAT Rio Grande DAIRY CATTLE Minas Gerais Swine & Poultry Santa Catarina
Conclusion Embrapa's research has enabled Brazil to significantly increase Agriculture production. Soybean production has increased by 360%; maize, by 128%; wheat, by 49%; and rice and beans, by 27%. Research has also enabled farmers to produce soybean in the cerrado, to eliminate numerous pests and to grow fruit in the semi-arid region. It has also developed alternative logging techniques that prevent the destruction of forests.
SEDE BRASILIA BRASILIA FEDERAL DISTRIC
Embrapa Acre Characterization, conservation and utilization of the natural resources Development of alternatives to improve production systems in agriculture and livestock farming, Development of agroforestal and silvipastoral systemsSustainable management of native forests and silviculture Soils Maps
Embrapa Cotton Research center for the development of: Cotton, Sisal, Peanut, Sesame seed Castor oil tree cultures 868.170 Mt Genetic improvementDevelopment non-irrigated and irrigated production systemsIntegrated pest management Biological control of cotton pests
Embrapa Rice & Beans The research unit operates in all national territory Genetic improvement PhytosanitaryRice and beans cultural management Technology transfer Rice: 10.207.20 Mt Development of the long and fine grain cultivars as rotational crop with soybean and for consortium with pastures under irrigation by aspersion. Number one in Production of beans Phaseolus vulgaris 2.5 Mt / year Developed system for regeneration of degraded pasture using rice or maize as carrier.
Embrapa Coffee Promotion of coffee research Socio-economic studies and coffee harvests forecasts Agroclimatology and physiology Coordination of the Brazilian Coffee Research Harvest, post-harvest and quality Genetic and improvement of the coffee plant Industrial processes Technological transfer and diffusion Pests, diseases and nematodes of the coffee plant Number one (31.1 million bags of 60k)
Embrapa Goats Nutrition and food Health and reproductionMeat, leather, milk and by-products processingManagement of native and cultivated pastures Frozen semen and embryosBuffel and Gramão grass seedsCheese and other dairy products Prevention and control of diseasesReproduction and genetic improvement Meat : 35.500 Mt
Embrapa Forestry System for Monitoring Fires ReforestationBiological control of pestsIntegrated forest and agricultural productionManagement of natural and planted forests Assistance and training in forest issuesLaboratory analysis of soil, plants, seed and lumberHigh Temporal Resolution Orbital Reforestation of Degraded Areas
Embrapa Beef Cattle Animal improvement, reproduction and managementAnimal nutritionAnimal health Introduced 3 types of grass cultivars, which are responsible for 90% of the tropical forage seed Vaccine against bovine sadness parasitosis Brangus-Ibagé
US: 76.6 M/LTS (1) BR: 22.6 M/LTS (6) Embrapa Dairy Cattle Animal managementGenetic improvementQuality of milkRural economy Elephant grass, Pennisetum purpureum 6 animals per hectare per year 11 kilos of milk/cow/day Genetic improvement of foragesControl of ticks, bovine sadness parasitosis, Worms and mastitisEmbryo transferStrategies for cross-breeding and genetic evaluationMilk production systems
Embrapa Soybeans Production : 75.38 M/ton 35.5 Productivity : 2560 T/ha 2610 Area : 29.43 sq/km 9.85 Genetics and improvement of soybean and sunflowerSoil and cultivation management of soybean, sunflower and wheatApplication of soybean in human dietsIntegrated control of pests
Embrapa Wheat Genetic improvement of winter cereals, soybean and cornBiological controlBiotechnologySoil and cultivation management Embrapa 16 cultivar Resistant to soil acidity, stem rust and mosaic virus Presents a superior industrial quality, appropriate for bread making and pastas 3.260.124 Mt
Nelore C.F Embrapa Beef Para NELORE 6.671.000 Mt Canchim Cattle 5/8 Charolais and 3/8 Nelore Buffalo meat production
Embrapa Swine & Poultry Development and modernization of of breeding systems Genetic improvement on animals Animal healthProduction of vaccinesAnimal production and nutrition 6.222.700 Mt chicken 1.582.700 Mt Eggs The laying hen Embrapa ll hybrid chicken resulting from the cross between selected Leghorn lines