Battle of Gettysburg. June 1863. Until this point, the Confederates had won most major battles:. - Bull Run. - 2 nd Bull Run. - Seven Days. - Fredericksburg. - Chancellorsville. With this confidence, Lee felt he could invade the North and end the war.
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Battle of Gettysburg June 1863 Until this point, the Confederates had won most major battles: - Bull Run - 2nd Bull Run - Seven Days - Fredericksburg - Chancellorsville With this confidence, Lee felt he could invade the North and end the war. In response, Hooker swung his troops to the north to protect the capital. In late June, Meade took over. Lee wanted to fight at Cashtown; Meade wanted to fight at Taneytown. Fate would have them meet between the two towns at a place called Gettysburg.
Battle of Gettysburg Gettysburg Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg Chambersburg Road and McPherson Ridge Chambersburg Road McPherson Ridge Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg Seminary School Chambersburg Road Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg Cemetery Hill and Culp’s Hill Chambersburg Road Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg Culp’s Hill Cemetery Hill
Battle of Gettysburg Emmitsburg Road Chambersburg Road Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg Culp’s Hill Cemetery Hill Emmitsburg Road
Battle of Gettysburg Seminary Ridge Chambersburg Road Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg Culp’s Hill Cemetery Hill Emmitsburg Road Seminary Ridge
Battle of Gettysburg Chambersburg Road Cemetery Ridge Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg Culp’s Hill Cemetery Hill Emmitsburg Road Seminary Ridge Cemetery Ridge
Battle of Gettysburg Wheat Field and Peach Orchard Chambersburg Road Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg Culp’s Hill Cemetery Hill Emmitsburg Road Seminary Ridge Cemetery Ridge Peach Orchard Wheat Field
Battle of Gettysburg Little Round Top, Devil’s Den, and Big Round Top Chambersburg Road Seminary School McPherson Ridge Gettysburg Culp’s Hill Cemetery Hill Emmitsburg Road Seminary Ridge Cemetery Ridge Peach Orchard Wheat Field Devil’s Den Little Round Top Big Round Top
Rodes Battle of Gettysburg Early Ewell Heth July 1, 1863 Reynolds Heth’s division marched down Chambersburg Road towards Gettysburg. Buford Howard Buford on Chambersburg Road Reynolds’ infantry arrives to reinforce Buford Reynolds killed Buford stalls Hancock’s decision Howard’s 11th Corps arrives Rodes, Ewell, and Early arrive to drive back Union
Battle of Gettysburg July 1, 1863 Sidenotes: John Burns – veteran of War of 1812 Abner Doubleday – Reynold’s replacement The location was an accident.
Battle of Gettysburg July 2, 1863 During the night, battle lines form. 90,000 Union troops Hill 75,000 Confederate troops Ewell The Fishhook Lee planned to simultaneously attack both Union flanks. Slocum Howard Longstreet Ewell’s attack failed Hancock Longstreet takes part of his 1st Corps and marches south to the Unions left flank. Sickles Sickles sees the Confederate movement and meets them in the wheat field and peach orchard Sykes Sickles troops get destroyed
Battle of Gettysburg July 2, 1863 At the Union extreme left flank is Chamberlain and the 20th Maine. 2nd Maine With Hood moving in, Chamberlain must thin his line to cover the left. Out of ammunition Little Round Top Wheel Right (Swinging Gate) - bayonet charge - obscure
Battle of Gettysburg July 3, 1863 Lee plans an attack on the center of the Union line. To disrupt Union, Ewell attacks from north and Stuart’s cavalry from east. Hill Ewell Ewell is repelled by Slocum and Stuart is beat by Custer. Slocum Howard Confederates begin attack with with bombardment by 140 cannons. Longstreet Hancock A division of Longstreet’s 1st Corps, under Pickett, charges. 15,000 Confederates cross open field to attack Cemetery Ridge. Only a handful of Rebs (under Armistead) reach the Union line. Sykes “Pickett’s Charge” fails. High Water Mark
Battle of Gettysburg July 4, 1863 Confederates retreat back to Virginia. Meade refuses to chase. He could have destroyed the Confederates. Hill Ewell Grant would later finish the job. Confederates win very few major battles after Gettysburg. Slocum Howard Longstreet Hancock Sykes
Battle of Gettysburg The Statistics Estimated that 7 million bullets used at Gettysburg.