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Indoor Air Pollution of Hospitality Venues in Cyprus Pre- and Post- the Introduction of a Comprehensive Smoking Ban

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Indoor Air Pollution of Hospitality Venues in Cyprus Pre- and Post- the Introduction of a Comprehensive Smoking Ban. Costas Christophi, Martha Paisi, Martha Kehagias , Gregory Connolly. Cyprus University of Technology Cyprus International Institute for Environmental and Public Health

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Indoor Air Pollution of Hospitality Venues in Cyprus Pre- and Post- the Introduction of a Comprehensive Smoking Ban

Costas Christophi, Martha Paisi, Martha Kehagias, Gregory Connolly

Cyprus University of Technology

Cyprus International Institute for Environmental and Public Health

in association with Harvard School of Public Health

background
Background
  • Cyprus and HSPH - comprehensive approach over tobacco control since 2004
  • Smoking prevalence in Cyprus is high
  • Daily smoking rate in adults ≥15 years (2003)

Males: 38.1% Females: 10.5%

  • Prevalence among HS students 15-18 years (GYTS 2006)

Boys: 35.7% Girls: 23.2%

  • GYTS: 85% of students reported being exposed to SHS at home and 91% reported being exposed to SHS in other places
smoking legislation cyprus context
Smoking Legislation-Cyprus Context
  • WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control ratified in 2000
  • Indoor smoking legislation for public places updated to a limited ban in 2004
  • Strategic Plan for Tobacco Control in Cyprus

- CII & HSPH (2007)

www.hsph.harvard.edu/cyprus

  • Complete smoking ban in all indoor public spaces introduced on 1 January 2010
goal and methods
Goal and Methods

Goal of the study: Measure the levels of particulate matter less than 2.5μm in diameter (PM2.5) in hospitality venues in Cyprus and assess air quality before and after the introduction of the smoking ban

21 hospitality venues selected (cafes, restaurants, hotels, nightclubs)

Pre-ban measurements took place between April 2007 and January 2008

Post-ban measurements took place between March and May 2010

protocol
Protocol

PM2.5 measured using the TSI SidePak AM510 Aerosol Monitor

Spend at least 1 hour in the venue

Collect observational data upon entry, every 15 minutes, and at exit

conclusions
Conclusions

Significant changes in PM2.5 levels between pre- and post- ban measurements indicating dramatic improvement on indoor air quality

Banning smoking completely in public places is highly effective in reducing the levels of indoor PM2.5 and should be enforced strictly

Successful results of current study build confidence for the successful implementation of the law in other countries

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