Different Names • Indoor Baseball • Kitten Ball • Diamond Ball • Mush Ball • Pumpkin Ball • Softball didn’t come around till 1926.
History • Invented in Chicago, IL in November of 1887 by George Hancock. • A boxing glove was tied together with its laces to form a ball. • The bat was first made out of a broom stick handle.
History Cont. • Became famous overnight at a local Fire Department by a lieutenant who wanted to keep his fireman fit. • 1934 the Amateur Softball Association (ASA) was added. • ASA has over 4.5 million memberships (this does not apply to fastpitch).
History Cont. • 1965 International Softball World Championships developed women’s softball making it an international game. • 1976 formed the International Women’s Professional Softball League. • 1980 League disbanded because of financial ruin. • To Learn more about the history of Softball go to - http://www.fastpitchsoftball.com/fastpitchsoftballhistory.asp
Softball Terms • Single- the ball is hit and you receive one base. • Double-the ball is hit and you earn two bases. • Triple-the ball is hit and you earn three bases • Home Run-the ball is hit and you make it all the way around on the base path.
Terms Cont. • Stolen Base- the runner intentional moves to the next base right after the pitch not being tagged. • Strike- a pitch that passes through the zone. • Ball- a pitch that is not a strike. • Full Count- when the batter has 3 balls and 2 strikes
Terms Cont. • Dead Ball- a ball that is pitched and hits the batter. • Foul Ball- a ball that is hit by the batter but lands in foul territory.
Ways to Get an Out • Strikeout- If a batter gets three strikes. • Fly Out- the ball that the batter hits is caught before it hits the ground. • Tagged-The fielder receives the ball and touches the runner passing them with the ball. • Double Play- when two runners are out in the same play.
Outs Cont. • Ground Out- The field throws the ball after they receive it from the ground and throw it to the bag. • Force Out- The fielder holding the ball touches the base that the runner may only run to. • Triple Play- When three runners are out in the same play.
Hitting • Step 1: Have comfortable stance. Balance weight on the balls of feet. Keep knees slightly bent, with slight bend at the waist. • Step 2: Hold the bat with front elbow down and relaxed, and back elbow at a 45-degree angle, pointed at the ground.
Hitting Cont. • Step 3: Grasp bat at a 45- to 90-degree angle with the both middle knuckles of hands aligned. • Step 4: Keep hands at the top of zone, and near your back armpit. Make sure the bat is between the catcher and your back shoulder. • Step 5: Keep head straight, with eyes focused on pitchers release point of the ball.
Hitting Cont. • Step 6: Shift weight to back foot as pitcher starts windup. • Step 7: Stride forward with front foot on release of pitch, don’t bring weight forward. • Step 8: Start to pivot back foot to squish a bug, and transfer weight forward to the middle of your body.
Hitting Cont. • Step 9: Launch your hands last, with the knob of the bat towards pitcher's feet. • Step 10: Don’t drop the barrel of the bat below your hands at the start of the swing. • Step 11: Hit the ball and drive it, following through with your hands swinging to the opposite shoulder.
Throwing • Step 1: The overhand throw is both easier and more accurate. • Step 2: Grip the ball with your finger tips. Use two or three fingers and your thumb to hold the ball. • Step 3: Turn head towards target. • Step 4: Rotate your body sideways, extending glove towards target.
Throwing Cont. • Step 5: Pull the ball back. • Step 6: Throw - your arm goes up and out to your target, snap your wrist just as the ball’s released. • Step 7: Follow through by bring your arm across your body.
Throwing Cont. • Baseball over hand throwing is the same as Softball. * Follow the steps
Softball Field Dimensions • Click on the link below to see the dimensions of a softball field. • http://www.markersinc.com/athletic/softballfp-field-dimensions.pdf
Interesting Softball Sites • http://www.softball.org/ • http://www.nafafastpitch.com/ • http://openfieldsoftball.net/Quotes/sbquotes.htm
Assessment • Students will be assessed on worksheet about certain topics and how well the fill them out. • The will also be assessed on how well the student participates in the classroom activities. • Students will at the end have to give a presentation about a certain part of hitting further in depth.