Knitting Basics. WT 226 January 2004. Structure of Knitting. Vogue Knitting p. 22. Stitches and Techniques. Cast on Long tail cast on or double cast on Others single, knitting on, cable, tubular, invisible, open, picot, Guernsey, chain, …. Stitches & Techniques (con’t).
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Knitting Basics WT 226 January 2004
Structure of Knitting Vogue Knitting p. 22
Stitches and Techniques • Cast on • Long tail cast on or double cast on • Others • single, • knitting on, • cable, tubular, • invisible, • open, • picot, • Guernsey, • chain, • …
Stitches & Techniques (con’t) • Knit stitch • Insert the RIGHT needle from front to back into the first stitch on the LEFT needle, keeping the RIGHT needle under the LEFT needle and the working yarn toward the BACK of the work • Wrap the yarn around the RIGHT needle starting in the back on the right, coming around to front on the left and then across the front of the needle to the right side • Slip your RIGHT needle back out the way it came making sure to catch the yarn wrap • Slide the stitch just used off the LEFT needle
Stitches and Techniques (con’t) • Purl stitch • Insert the RIGHT needle from back to front into the first on the LEFT needle, keeping the RIGHT needle on top of the LEFT needle and the working yarn toward the FRONT of the work • Wrap the yarn around the RIGHT needle starting in the FRONT on the right, going behind the needle, coming around to front on the left and then across the front of the needle to the right side • Slip your RIGHT needle back out the way it came making sure to catch the yarn wrap • Slide the stitch just used off the LEFT needle
Stiches & Techniques (con’t) • Bind off • Basic • Knit two stitches • Insert the left needle into the far right stitch on the right needle, pull the stitch over the other stitch on the right need and drop it off the right needle • Others (suspended, decrease, one-over-two, single crochet, ...)
Stitches & Techniques (con’t) • Garter stitch • knitting every row or purling every row • Stockinette stitch • knit a row, purl a row OR purl a row, knit a row • Ribbing • even rhythm of alternating knit and purl on each row
Gauge • 4 1/2 stitches/inch and 5 rows/inch • Both yarn and needle size affects gauge • Partial stitches important!!!! • Ideally measure over 4 inches • Easier to adjust # of rows than # of stitches
Tools for Knitting • Those you need • Those you can live without • Sharing Vogue Knitting pp. 18-19
Last Year’s Projects • http://www.depauw.edu/acad/chemistry/bgourley/
History of Knitting • Dated to 1200 to 1500 A.D. • Early knitting mostly socks & caps • Renaisance established guilds (e.g. 17th century)
Guild Knitter • 3 years apprentice • 3 years as an journeyman • Produce felted cap, pair of stockings (or gloves) w/embroidered decoration, a shirt (or waistcoat), and a knitted carpet 6 feet x 5 feet in 13 weeks • Now called a master knitter
Types of Knitting • Fair Isle • Aran • Shetland lace • Scandinavian • Lativian • Intarsia • ….