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IT Standards: An Effective Protocol for Governments and Regulators. BIS Standards Seminar Taj Mahal Hotel New Delhi February 21 st 2007. Michael Mudd Director for Public Policy, Asia - Pacific CompTIA. Who Is CompTIA What eGovernment needs to succeed
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BIS Standards Seminar
Taj Mahal Hotel
February 21st 2007
Director for Public Policy, Asia - Pacific
CompTIA has members from the entire spectrum of the IT industry
including; Hardware; Software; Telecommunications; IT Services
Exide Electronics Group
Global Knowledge Network
Information Technology (ITMI)
Ingram Micro Inc.
Kofax Imaging Products
Learning Centers, Inc.
Optika Imaging Systems
Adaptec Course Technology
AT&T Internet Services
Bell & Howell
CompuCom Systems Inc.
Data Train Institute
Diamond Head Software
Where is CompTIA
Dubai/ Middle East
Washington DC USA
Hong Kong China
see http://eidx.comptia.org/ for E business interoperability
…Leading to Standards
The Idea > - From Industry or Academia
Prototype > - The creative moment (IPR)
Beta > - The test of innovation
Roll out > - does the market want it?
Early adoption > - will the market use it?
Critical mass > - The undefined measure of ‘success’
National/International industry consortium > - Critical Peer Review
ISO/ITU open standards Org > - International Technical Review
GLOBAL STANDARD > - Availability to all on RAND or RF terms
…Leading to Interoperability
The ICT industry makes larger and larger contributions to world
In 30 years ICT equaled the same employee base as the Auto
Industry did in 100 years
28% of manufacturing exports in East Asia are ICT goods
Software is embedded now in all ICT products and services
Standards enable economies of scale
Asian economies are recognizing that ICT is a
major value add to their outputs;
Japan, Korea and Taiwan are established hardware examples
India in software ad services and increasingly , China, Malaysia, Philippines and in the near future, Thailand and Vietnam
Governments often represent the largest single investor in software
assets- $22.5B global market*
Standards enable interoperability; vital for eGovernment to work
* IDC Estimate
The ability of software and hardware on different machines or devices from different vendors to
Effective competition is a prerequisite for an
effective and diversified IT market.
Competition drives producers to be efficient, innovate and provide what consumers want …and will pay for.
A policy that discriminates against industry developed standards will, in effect exclude 85 percent of IT channel business activity.
Markets, (i.e. Citizens) not government mandates, determine the best technology as they must justify the investment.
IT procurement by public or large private entities must be based on a systematic and rational decision-making process such as cost-benefit analysis (CBA)
Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) is a sound methodology for evaluating ICT assets investment costs in CBA.
TCO is the term used to describe not only the costs of purchasing ICT products and services, but all the ‘hidden costs’ associated with using ICT as well, including planning, design, installation, configuration, maintenance and support.
Citizens will also make a decision based on ease of use of eGov services - and relative utility- as well as cost
Standards and specifications therefore must satisfy the needs of all users – government and citizens to enable eGov to take off
IPR’s are the asset in the trading of information technology in the
Intellectual property rights (IPRs) exist to promote innovation
Patents for example make transparent the technology that enables interoperability between competitive technologies
The act of creation has a cost (e.g. R&D expenditure to invent.)
The owner may choose to give it away (RF) or licence (RAND) in fact most RF apps do have conditions e.g. GPL for OSS
The limited and temporary monopoly (ownership) over creation allows the owner to recoup the cost of creation.
The commercial software industry (both large and small companies)
continues to generate the largest number of patents of any industry
globally* Recent Examples – think of Skype, IPod/ITunes
Some examples of industry developed IT standards ;
MP3,HTML,802.11, XML,SMTP, GSM, GPRS, EDGE, CDMA, UMTS – some choose patents and make them available on a RAND basis or on an RF basis – its their choice, but to enable take up, they have to share IP.
*Technology Review Patent Scorecard
Standards are important, but standards alone don't make things interoperable:
The Interop Vendor Alliance
– maintains choice – lowers prices
– enables Interoperability and consumer acceptance
– enables sustainable development to create lasting value
A Model Public Policy Framework based on these three objectives would have as principles…
For further information and a copy of our white paper
Director, Public Policy, Asia - Pacific
222. Shui On Centre 2/f
6- 8 Harbour Road,
Hong Kong SAR