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by Aleksander Xhuvani Rajmonda Buhaljoti Miranda Kullolli. Bologna Process in Albania and its NQF versus EQF. Bratislava 2008. Albanian HE reform. Based on Bologna Process and its main documents National Master Plan (draft) HE New Law (approved in 2007)

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bologna process in albania and its nqf versus eqf

by Aleksander Xhuvani

Rajmonda Buhaljoti

Miranda Kullolli

Bologna Process in Albaniaand its NQF versus EQF

Bratislava 2008

albanian he reform
Albanian HE reform
  • Based on Bologna Process and its main documents
  • National Master Plan (draft)
  • HE New Law (approved in 2007)
  • Reform of R&D institutions – integration with HEIs
albanian he reform priorities
Albanian HE reformpriorities
  • Two and three cycles of studies – HEIs profile,
  • Curricula reform (ECTS points, one semester based modules),
  • Quality Assurance,
  • From NQF to EQF (learning outcomes),
  • Recognition of qualifications (Lisbon Convention)
  • Symbiosis of education and research,
  • Student and staff mobility,
  • Labour market oriented
study organisation





Admission test state maturity



Year III

Year II


60 Credits

Year I


1 credit (ECTS point) = 25 hours of student’s work

(home work + classes)

Year II

Year I


Year III

Year II

Year I

c urricula d evelopment versus r esearch
Curricula DevelopmentversusResearch

3° year in all Albanian public universities

4° year in pre-school teachers education

5° year in PUT and AUT

he reform stakeholders
HE Reform - stakeholders
  • Government – MoES,
  • Albanian BFUG
      • Ad Hoc WGs
  • HEIs,
  • Council for HE and Science,
  • Employers community,
  • Student organisations,
  • Trade Unions
quality assurance
Quality Assurance
  • QA System fully functional,
  • QA Institutions
      • Accreditation Agency
      • Accreditation Council
  • Evaluation versus Accreditation,
  • National procedures, criteria and requirements,
  • About 60% of HEIs already evaluated
  • Transparency: results made public
quality assurance10
Quality Assurance
  • Involvement of foreign expertise: nationals abroad
  • Networking (European and Regional),
  • Focus on internal QA
  • Student participation; not the rule
  • European Standards and Guidelines: main challenge
national qualification framework
National Qualification Framework

LEVEL 5 Post secondary

LEVEL 6A HEIfirst level

LEVEL 6B HEIfirst level WH

LEVEL 7 HEIsecond level

LEVEL 8 HEIthird level - PhD

LEVEL 1 First pre-university

LEVEL 2 Second pre-university

LEVEL 3 Third pre-university

LEVEL 4 Fourth pre-university

national qualification framework12
National Qualification Framework
  • Kick-off Conference with experts from CoE
  • AL-BFUG 1st WG has detailed Uni level descriptors
  • Another WG near the MoES is dealing with pre-Uni levels and level descriptors
  • In view : National Conference with Albanian stakeholders to propose the final version of NQF
recognition of qualifications
Recognition of qualifications
  • Existing Recognition Unit within the Ministry of Education and Science
  • Enhancement of the legal framework : in line with Lisbon Convention
  • National Action Plan for Recognition issues
  • Some bilateral agreements for automatic recognition
  • New Law on HE : national information centerfor Albania – representing Albania in the ENIC network
student participation
Student participation
  • In compiling Al HE strategic documents,
  • In HE events (conferences, workshops..)
  • In QA process
  • In HEIs governing bodies
  • New HE Law:
    • increasing SP at all HE activities
    • new student STATUS in HEIs
  • New climate for democratic and fair elections of their organisation within HEIs

(Bottom-up scheme)

hot debate issues for the future
“Hot” Debate issues for the future
  • BFUG - Albania
  • Autonomy and responsibility of HEIs
  • NQF – Dublin descriptors
  • Professorship workload (ECTS, hours, both?)
  • Course recognition at national level
  • Many other details...