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Bologna Process Bologna Process Bologna Process Bologna Process Bologna Process The Bologna Process and New Zealand Wellington February 07 Bologna Process The European Dimension 1998 Sorbonne- – 4 Countries 1999 Bologna – 29 Countries 2001 Prague – 31 Countries

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Bologna Process

Bologna Process

Bologna Process

Bologna Process

Bologna Process

The Bologna Process and New Zealand Wellington February 07


Bologna Process

The European Dimension

1998 Sorbonne- – 4 Countries

1999 Bologna – 29 Countries

2001 Prague – 31 Countries

2003 Berlin –33 Countries

2005 Bergen – 45 Countries

2007 London –

2009 Netherlands

2010 Paris

the bologna process

The Lisbon Strategy

  • Europe to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based society in the world by 2010
  • European education and training systems to become a world-wide reference for quality and excellence by 2010
  • Create sufficient system of compatibility
  • Need of profound changes in education systems

Bologna Process

The role of the European Commission in the Bologna Process

  • The Commission participates as a full member in the Bologna Follow-up Group and the Bologna Board.
  • Erasmus –European Credit Transfer System, Diploma Supplement, 2000 Institutions, 30 countries, 1.2mn students
  • Erasmus Mundus– 115 Masters Courses, 7000 3rd country student scholarships, 1000 3rd country academic scholarships; 100 partnerships with International Institutions

Bologna Process


4000 Institutions

17 Million Students

1.5 Million Staff (435,000 Researchers)

80 Million low skilled citizens

19 Million unemployed


Bologna Process

Bologna and Copenhagen

  • European Qualifications Framework for Life Long Learning
the bologna process7

Action Lines (Bologna)

  • Easily readable and comparable degrees
  • Bachelor-Master system
  • Credit system (transfer and accumulation)
  • Mobility
  • European cooperation in quality assessment
  • Integrated study programmes and joint degrees (revision of national legislation)
the bologna process8

Action Lines (Prague)

7. Lifelong Learning

8. The Involvement of Universities and students in the process of the EHEA

9. Enhancing the attractiveness of the EHEA to international students.

the bologna process9

Action Lines (Berlin and Bergen)

  • Include the doctoral level as the third cycle
  • Prepare an external dimensions strategy

Progress to date

More than half way there…

Bologna Stocktaking Exercise 2007

Key data on higher education 2007

Focus on the Structures of Higher Education in Europe


Progress to date - European Qualifications Framework

  • The proposed EQF consists of three main elements:
  • a set of common reference points (an 8-level structure of defined learning outcomes)
  • 2) a range of tools and instruments (including an integrated European credit transfer and accumulation system for lifelong learning and the Europass instrument)
  • 3) a set of common principles and guidelines for co-operation (in quality assurance, validation, key competences etc).
  • It is not – a replacement or harmonisation of national, regional or sectoral qualification systems

Progress to date – European Qualifications Framework for Life Long Learning

Adopted September 06

Endorsed November 06

Co-Decision ??? 07

8 reference levels – shift from learning inputs to learning outcomes.

Encompasses general and adult education VET and Higher Ed.


Bologna Process

The Tuning Project - Tuning of educational structures and programmes on the basis of diversity and autonomy

  • The Tuning project focuses not on educational systems, but on educational structures and content of studies
  • Tuning develops reference points for common curricula on the basis of agreed competences and learning outcomes as well as cycle level descriptors for many subject areas

Progress to date – Quality Assurance

  • Common aim to have one Register
  • No pan-European mega QA agency but strong network of national QA agencies
  • System of mutual recognition of national, regional, sectoral etc QA agencies of sufficient quality and credibility
  • Creation of European Register of co-approved agencies

Progress to date – ECTS

  • A systematic way of describing an educational programme by attaching credits to its components
  • A student-centred system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme specified in terms of learning outcomes and competences to be acquired
  • Makes study programmes easy to read and compare
  • Facilitates mobility and academic recognition
  • Crucial for the design of a national and European Qualifications Framework
  • Helps universities to organise and revise study programmes

Progress to date – 3rd cycle PhD

PhDs need to be fully aligned with EHEA using the outcomes based approach.

Normal workload = 3-4 yrs full-time

BFUG to prepare report on further development of basic principles

European Researcher Charter

Joint doctorates


Progress to date – Mobility

Erasmus Mundus

Bilateral Exchange Programs

More portability of grants and loans

Student / Researcher visas


The External Dimension – Current

  • Greater international policy dialogue – EU – Latin America Summit
  • Erasmus Mundus Windows
  • Education Agreements and MOUs to create policy frameworks)
  • 4) A new Multilateral Framework for supporting cooperation with industrialised countries worldwide.
  • 5) More Research collaboration
  • 6) Researcher & Student Visas

Bologna Process

The External Strategy (Future)

  • Develop more structured international cooperation through bilateral and multilateral agreements
  • Intensified policy dialogue
  • Recognition of qualifications
  • Joint Study Programs
  • International participation in Bologna Seminars
  • Joint or double degrees
  • Wider use of Diploma Supplement and ECTS

Bologna Process

Perceptions of European Higher Education

in Third Countries

  • Europe highly regarded as a Union in an economic and political sense but not in terms of education
  • Europe losing out to US on perceived prestige of institutions, labour market acceptance of qualifications and innovation capacity of institutions
  • Quality Reputation and Prestige of Institution paramount
  • Obstacles – Language, Fees, and Visas

Bologna Process

The Future

  • 2 Million International Students
  • Almost all countries are beginning to implement new system, including provision for quality assurance system
  • Remember Bologna is VOLUNTARY and yet has brought about more change in Higher Education than any other international instrument or policy

Bologna Process

Benefits to New Zealand of Bologna Compatibility

  • Closer alignment with over 4000 institutions
  • Ease of movement for students, scholars and researchers.
  • Easier to implement joint programs
  • Greater recognition of NZ qualifications
  • More competition.. But also more cooperation

Bologna Process

More information

  • Thank you