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Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia. Chesapeake Colonies Maryland Virginia Still part of the Southern Colonies. s.colonies. Southern Colonies Indentured servants slavery to work the large plantations rice, tobacco and cotton fertile soil
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Although Carolina was geographically closer to the Chesapeake colonies, it was culturally closer to the West Indies in the seventeenth century since its early settlers—both blacks and whites—came from Barbados.
Pilgrims merge with the Puritans to form Massachusetts Bay Colony
1629 to 1640
Massasoit’s son, Metacom (King Phillip) formed Indian alliance – attacked throughout New England, especially frontier
English towns were attacked and burned -unknown numbers of Indians died
1676: War ended, Metacom executed, lasting defeat for Indians
Forced by King James I
All NE Colonies, NJ & NY
James II(1685 - 1688)
This was known as the "Glorious Revolution." (Revolution because they overthrew the last Catholic monarch, Glorious because no one died.)
Charles II (1660 - 1685)
An Angry Peter Stuyvesant
Duke of York
Lord John Berkeley
Penn, more than any other individual founder or colonist, proved to be the chosen vessel through which the stream of demand for respect for individual rights was to flow so richly into our American reservoir of precious ideals.
That an example may be set up to the nations as ... a holy experiment. William Penn
All men have a natural and infeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences; no man can of right be compelled to attend, erect, or support any place of worship, or to maintain any ministry against his consent; no human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience, and no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishment or modes of worship. - William Penn, Declaration of Rights
CHART: THIRTEEN COLONIES
Colony/DatePerson ResponsibleWhy FoundedGoverned/Owner