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IRSC 2007, Goa, India. Railway Safety Plan and Its Status in Korea. Sanglog Kwak*, Jonbae Wang, Yunok Cho, Hyukjin Yoon Korea Railroad Research Institute National Railway Safety R&D Program Office. About KRRI : Korea Railroad Research Institute. About KRRI : Korea Railroad Research Institute.

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railway safety plan and its status in korea

IRSC 2007, Goa, India

Railway Safety Plan and Its Status in Korea

Sanglog Kwak*, Jonbae Wang, Yunok Cho, Hyukjin Yoon

Korea Railroad Research Institute

National Railway Safety R&D Program Office

about krri korea railroad research institute1
About KRRI :Korea Railroad Research Institute
  • Founded in 1996, financed by Korean government
  • 246 individuals works for railway R&D division and national project division
  • Key research area
    • Rolling stock, track & civil engineering, signaling & electrical engineering, railway policy & operation
  • National projects
    • High speed train development , upgrading conventional railway, design urban rail transit system, transportation technology, Trans-Korean railway construction
    • National safety R&D program from 2004
  • Homepage : www.krri.re.kr
background general information in korea
Background : General information in Korea
  • 3.7 billion passenger moved 65.4 billion passenger-km
  • Railway take more than 25% of passenger-km
  • Passenger-km increase 2% every year
  • 10 TOC operate 99 lines(4,000km)
    • Korail operate 80 lines(3,380km)
    • 9 Metro TOC operate 16 lines(500km)
    • 1,050 station, 1,510 level crossing(26 accidents, 3 fatalities)
    • 60% of lines are electrified
    • 280 individuals work on safety management
    • 460 accidents, 190 fatalities (40% are attempted suicide)
  • Experience based safety management  Risk based safety management
background safety status1
Background : Safety Status
  • Improving safety from 2004
background accident cause
Background : Accident Cause
  • National rail : 253 accidents, Metro : 207 accidents
background environmental change in korea
Background : Environmental Change in Korea
  • Passenger’s concern on safety
  • Structural reform of railway industries
    • Separation of operator and infrastructure manager
    • Change of Health and Safety Act at Work (working hours, shift work)
  • Metro related accident increase
    • Increase number of attempted suicide and slip in the platform
  • Aging of population
  • KTX (Korea Train eXpress) operation from 2004
  • Preparation of international Railway connection
    • TSR (Trans Siberian Railway)
    • TKR (connection of the North and South Korean Railway)
  • Electrification of conventional line
  • Increasing railway hazards but no railway safety plan by 2004
background application of railway safety act
Background : Application of Railway Safety Act
  • Railway Safety Act 2004
    • Daegue subway train fire accident (191 fatalities)
    • Safety Planning (from 2006, annual)
    • National wide railway safety program
    • Construction of SMS & Safety Case approval (from 2006, biennial)
    • Risk Management (from 2008, biennial)
    • Safety inspection (from 2006 , biennial)
    • Safety technology R&D
    • Accident investigation
    • Etc.
the 1 st railway safety plan
The 1st Railway Safety Plan
  • TFT from all railway safety related organizations in 2005
    • Government, TOCs, research institute joins
    • Determine 77 safety measures, budget, schedule
      • Requirements for safe operation of the railway system
      • Environmental change for railway safety
      • Current problems and limitation on safety
      • In relation with other plan
      • Accident analysis & Risk analysis
    • Many iterative work among organization
    • The 1st Railway Safety Plan was released in 2006
    • Establish annual safety plan from 2006
    • Progress management from 2006
safety plan in korea
Safety Plan in Korea
  • The 6th Transportation Safety Plan
    • Transportation Safety Act(1979)
    • Including all transportation modes  Road Traffic safety is major concern
    • Government and TOCs establish plan
    • Passenger & public safety
  • The 1st Railway Safety Plan(2005)
    • Railway Safety Act (2004)
    • All the railway safety related organization have to prepare
    • Need for approval of government
    • SMS, safety measure, schedule, results, budget
    • National safety target and safety index
    • Risk management included
    • Passenger, public, and staff safety
    • Covers all railway related accidents
safety management organizations
Safety management organizations
  • National organization
    • Government (MOCT): safety budget, safety policy, safety target, safety case policy, safety plan, safety standard
    • ARAIB : accident investigation, Part of MOCT
    • KOTSA : Competency & safety information management, safety case approval & safety inspection
    • KRRI : establishment of safety rules & standards (draft), guidelines, manuals, risk assessment, safety technology research, support expert to MOCT & ARAIB, KOTSA
    • Korea Rail Network Authority : infrastructure structure manager
  • Private organization
    • Korail : operate passenger & freight train, traffic control, track & station maintenance. (Korea National Rail from 2004)
    • Metro operating company : 7 metro funded by regional governments
    • Private TOCs
safety measures budget in 2007
Safety Measures & Budget in 2007
  • The 1st Railway Safety Plan (2006-2010)
    • Safety measure in 6 field, 77 projects (6 billion USD )
    • Reducing 40% of accidents and fatalities
  • Safety Plan in 2006
    • Staff management 13 projects, 31mil. USD
    • Upgrading safety infrastructure : 13 projects. 392 mil. USD
    • Rolling stock safety management 16 projects, 558 mil. USD
    • Establishment of SMS : 11 projects, 1 mil. USD
    • Accident investigation and emergency response system : 14 projects, 7 mil. USD
    • R&D on Safety technology : 10 projects, 16mil. USD
  • Important measures are listed in the paper
safety measures staff management
Safety Measures : Staff management
  • Train driver license regulation from 2006
    • Management on competency, aptitude test, physical examination, experience on route, education
  • Daily examination of driver before on board
    • Sleeping time, alcohol / drug test
    • Testing tools and question sheet
  • Monitoring of high risk staff
    • Accident related personal, novice driver, etc.
    • Change of person’s habit or misunderstanding on work
  • Training program for safety critical work
    • Operation and development of training program
    • Evaluation of training program, incentive on staff for safety activity
  • Preparation of track work guideline
    • Working and planning process
    • Train warning system, installation of safe area on working place
safety measures infrastructure safety
Safety Measures : Infrastructure safety
  • High risk 466 level crossing
    • Change into over bridge
    • Install obstruction detector
  • Platform
    • Screen Door installation
    • Safety fence & CCTV
    • Emergency train stop button in platform & communication System
  • Fire Safety
    • Emergency evacuation tunnel
    • Toxic gas ventilation system
    • Warning system, smoke detector, emergency light
    • Etc.
safety measure rolling stock safety
Safety Measure : Rolling stock safety
  • Application of safety standard for collison, derailment, and fire
  • Interior material change : Non-toxic gas release in case of fire
  • Risk assessment for design approval
  • Discharging old rolling stock(> 25years)
  • Installation & Upgrade : signaling, comm. System
  • Upgrading rolling maintenance equipments
  • Etc.
safety measure safety management system
Safety Measure : Safety Management System
  • Regulation for Safety Case (2006), Risk Assessment (2008)
  • Regulation for Trespass, level crossing management
  • Regulation for R/S design approval and verification
  • SMS for dangerous freight transportation
  • SMS will be developed in relation with R&D results
safety measure accident investigation crisis management
Safety Measure : Accident Investigation & crisis management
  • Establishment of ARAIB
    • Expertise in investigation
    • Cooperation system with other organizations
    • Design & construction of accident and safety information system
  • Publishing railway safety white paper
  • Construction of preliminary traffic control center for emergency response
  • Establishment of security and terror response system
  • Advertisement on emergency response
safety measure safety technology r d
Safety Measure : Safety technology R&D
  • System engineering for the interface control of research topics
  • System safety application( including risk assessment)
  • R&D on human factors, training system using simulator
  • Testing and evaluation technique for major accident (including testing infrastructure installation)
  • Design and construction of an safety information management system
  • Development of emergency action guideline for designed accident scenarios
  • Development of intelligent level crossing and the improvement of safety performance
transition to risk based safety management
Transition to Risk Based Safety Management
  • Current national R&D program for railway safety
    • System safety & system engineering
    • Establishment of safety management system
    • Development of assessing & preventing techniques for major accidents
  • 13 programs are based on risk assessment
  • Results will be reflected in the next safety plan, regulations and rules
conclusions and future plan
Conclusions and future plan
  • Railway safety plan and its status are presented
    • 1st Railway safety plan became the basis of safety activities
    • Safety measures and current status in 6 fields are introduced
    • 20% of accidents reduced, 4% of passenger increase during 2years
  • Problems will be reflect in the next plan
    • Resistance on new regulation and standards
    • Lack of expertise on small TOC’s safety management organization.
    • Consistency among regulation, plans, and standard
    • Different schedule between activity and safety budget
national r d on railway safety
National R&D on railway safety
  • 1. System engineering and project management
  • 2. Hazard analysis and risk assessment for safety management
  • 3. Establishment of a management system for the human error and the assessment of aptitude
  • 4. Establishment of a training system using simulators for the human error management
  • 5. Establishment of safety standards and management system for infrastructure
  • 6. Establishment of safety standards and management system for rolling stocks
  • 7. Establishment of safety standards and management system for safety critical S/W
  • 8. Establishment of safety standards and management system for dangerous freight operation
  • 9. Development of emergency action guidelines for designed accident scenarios
  • 10.Design and construction of an safety management information system
  • 11. Development of test and evaluation techniques for the fire resistance of rolling stocks and infrastructures
  • 12. Development of test and evaluation techniques for collision and the improvement of safety performances
  • 13. Development of test and evaluation techniques for derailment and the improvement of safety performances
  • 14. Development of test and evaluation techniques for train control system and the improvement of safety performances
  • 15. Development of intelligent level crossing and the improvement of safety performances