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Introductory Research Module for use with ALS Training Curricula. Developed by the Prehospital Care Research Forum, in conjunction with the National Association of EMS Educators, Research Committee.

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introductory research module for use with als training curricula

Introductory Research Module for use with ALS Training Curricula

Developed by the Prehospital Care Research Forum,

in conjunction with the National Association of EMS Educators,

Research Committee

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

slide2

The Prehospital Care Research Forum gratefully acknowledges Liz Criss, RN, MEd, and our Education Committee for their time and effort in the preparation of this presentation.

Matthew Zavarella, NREMT-P - Chairperson

Scott Bourn, RN, MSN, EMT-P

Chuck Crawford, MS, EMT-P

Alice Dalton, RN, BSN

Robert Delagi, MA, NREMT-P

William Dunne, MS, NREMT-P

Walt Alan Stoy, PhD, EMT-P

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe the importance of quality EMS research to the future of EMS
  • Describe the importance and benefits of research
  • Explain the EMS provider’s role in data collection
  • Advocate the need for supporting and participating in research efforts aimed at improving EMS systems

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

introduction
Introduction
  • Most of EMS based on in-hospital activities moved to the out-of-hospital environment
  • Need to develop evidence-based EMS practice
  • Movement toward professionalism, means:
    • ethics
    • standards of care
    • unique body of knowledge

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

aspects of research
Aspects of Research
  • Research methodologies vary
    • formal clinical research
    • chart review
    • case studies
  • Research areas are diverse
    • educational
    • clinical
    • systems

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

aspects of research cont d
Aspects of Research(cont’d)
  • Conducting research is important
    • provides new data/information
    • validates existing data/information
    • develops the unique EMS body of knowledge
  • Reading research is equally important
    • promotes evidence-based practice
    • promotes generation of new research ideas
    • provides background essential to understanding EMS

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

acquiring literature
Acquiring Literature
  • Books vs. Journals vs. Electronic Media
  • Information focus
    • books
      • often lacks scientific justification
      • quickly outdated
      • curriculum directed

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

acquiring literature cont d
Acquiring Literature(cont’d)
  • journals
    • trade journals
      • non-peer review
      • topic directed
    • scientific journals
      • peer-reviewed
      • research directed

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

acquiring literature cont d9
Acquiring Literature(cont’d)
  • electronic media
    • web sites
      • non-peer reviewed
      • often misinformation (IMPROVING!)
      • surf carefully
    • on-line journals
      • peer-reviewed
      • reputable (but not always “gospel”)

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

acquiring literature cont d10
Acquiring Literature(cont’d)
  • Locating information
    • Index Medicus
      • contains peer reviewed medical literature
      • available on-line
    • CINAHL
      • contains health related literature
      • available on-line

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

literature format
Literature Format
  • Layout of a research article
    • abstract
    • introduction
    • materials/methods
    • results
    • discussion
    • conclusion

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

evaluating an article
Evaluating An Article
  • Evaluate demographics
    • similar system configuration
    • similar patient distribution
  • Evaluate numbers
    • enough patients
    • right equipment
    • comparing apples to apples

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

reading the literature
Reading the Literature
  • Critical analysis
    • do the numbers add up
    • do the numbers make sense
    • do the results answer the question
    • is the data extrapolated too far

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

reading the literature cont d
Reading the Literature(cont’d)
  • Limitations to existing literature
    • no perfect project
    • acknowledge strengths & weaknesses
  • Incorporating into practice
    • influence current practice
    • how much is enough
    • evidence-based practice

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

examples
Examples
  • Controversies raised
    • MAST use
    • trauma care
  • Practice adjusted
    • fluid management in trauma
    • MAST use

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

summary
Summary
  • Participating in research is important
    • to current practice
    • to future practice
    • to establishing the professionalism of EMS
  • Begin with reading the literature
    • books
    • journals
    • electronic media

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000

summary17
Summary
  • Be critical of research
    • not all published research is good research
    • not all published research is valuable research
    • not all published research is reported correctly
  • Hold people accountable
  • Research is the future of EMS
    • validates
    • promotes
    • improves

Prehospital Care Research Forum Copyright Sept. 2000