Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Albert_Lan
fetal alcohol spectrum disorders l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

play fullscreen
1 / 29
Download Presentation
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
211 Views
Download Presentation

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevention, Education, Intervention, and Advocacy Presenter Sr. Suzette Fisher, SND, Ed.S. Emerging Issues in Maternal and Child Health Audio-Conference September 21, 2006 3:00 – 4:30 p.m. (EST)

  2. OVERVIEW OF FASD • Terminology associated with prenatal alcohol exposure • Cause and prevalence of FASD • Diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of FASD and implications for intervention • State and national initiatives

  3. OVERVIEW OF FASD • Terminology associated with prenatal alcohol exposure • Cause and prevalence of FASD • Diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of FASD and implications for intervention • State and national initiatives

  4. DEFINITIONS • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) • Fetal Alcohol Effect (FAE) • Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD) • Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)

  5. OVERVIEW OF FASD • Terminology associated with prenatal alcohol exposure • Cause and prevalence of FASD • Diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of FASD and implications for intervention • State and national initiatives

  6. CAUSE OF FASD Alcohol consumption during pregnancy • “Of all the substances of abuse, including heroin, cocaine, and marijuana, alcohol produces by far the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus.” –Institute of Medicine Report to Congress (1996) • “There is no known safe amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.” –Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Surgeon General, American Academy of Pediatrics

  7. CAUSE “Of all the substances of abuse, including heroin, cocaine, and marijuana, alcohol produces by far the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus.” --Institute of Medicine Report to Congress (1996) FASD is 100% preventable! If you’re pregnant, don’t drink!

  8. PREVALENCE Estimate: 1 in 100 individuals are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure.

  9. OVERVIEW OF FASD • Terminology associated with prenatal alcohol exposure • Cause and prevalence of FASD • Diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of FASD and implications for intervention • State and national initiatives

  10. 4-Digit diagnostic code DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA • Created in 1997 • Susan Astley, Ph.D. & Sterling Clarren, M.D. • 256 codes • 22 diagnostic names

  11. DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES • Growth Deficiency • Dysmorphic facial features • CNS Damage • Prenatal alcohol exposure

  12. DIAGNOSTIC FEATURE • Growth Deficiency • Prenatal and/or postnatal height and/or weight below the 10th percentile • Physical anomolies • Respiratory problems • Heart problems • Eye and ear defects • Limb reduction • Hutchinson’s teeth

  13. DIAGNOSTIC FEATURE • Dysmorphic facial features of FAS • Short palpebral fissures (<10 %ile) – short eye openings • Thin vermilion border of upper lip • Smooth philtrum

  14. FACE OF ARND Discriminating Features None Associated Features None It’s not about the face, it’s about the BRAIN!

  15. DIAGNOSTIC FEATURE • CNS Damage • Damage to the brain • Static encephalopathy – the damage to the brain is permanent and unchanging. • This CNS dysfunction, or brain damage, has the greatest impact on learning and behavior.

  16. DIAGNOSTIC FEATURES • Prenatal alcohol exposure • Confirmed prenatal alcohol exposure

  17. OVERVIEW OF FASD • Terminology associated with prenatal alcohol exposure • Cause and prevalence of FASD • Diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of FASD and implications for intervention • State and national initiatives

  18. PRIMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF FASD • Poor social skills Literal thinking • Difficulty with abstractions • Memory impairments • Deficits in higher-level receptive & expressive language • Developmental delays • Inconsistent performance • Impulsivity • Distractibility • Attention deficits • Disorganization

  19. PRIMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF FASD • Difficulty generalizing • Poor problem-solving ability • Difficulty with transitions • Processing deficits (visual, auditory, sensory) • Poor judgment • Difficulty understanding cause/effect • Impaired motor development • Able to repeat instructions, unable to put into action • Learning disabilities

  20. PRIMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF FASD These characteristics vary among individuals with FASD. No single type of CNS damage or pattern of dysfunction has been identified that characterizes all children with FASD. – Streissguth, A. 1997. Fetal alcohol syndrome: A guide for families and communities.

  21. SECONDARY CHARACTERISTICS • Mental health issues • Disrupted school experience • Trouble with the law • Inappropriate sexual behavior • Confinement in jail or treatment facilities • Alcohol and drug problems • Dependent living • Employment problems – Streissguth, AP (1996)

  22. DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES Look for Clues as to the underlying cause of the behavior.

  23. INTERVENTIONS • Effective interventions: With early identification and diagnosis the proper supports can be put in place – at home, in school, at work – to improve outcomes for individuals with this disability. Website resources on the next slide provide suggestions for interventions. New studies are in process to develop effective interventions. • Parents, teachers, and other professionals need to learn to respond and work differently with individuals with FASD. • Early and effective interventions reduce the chances of dropping out of school, trouble with the law, mental health issues, alcohol and drug problems, housing and job issues – Streissguth, AP, Barr, HM; Kogan, J, Bookstein, FL,1996).

  24. FASD ARE LIFELONG DISABILITIES

  25. OVERVIEW OF FASD • Terminology associated with prenatal alcohol exposure • Cause and prevalence of FASD • Diagnostic criteria • Characteristics of FASD and implications for intervention • State and national initiatives

  26. CURRENT EFFORTS • Double ARC • Diagnosis • Parent support • Triumph classes • Project Adapt • Ohio • FASD Town Hall Meeting • State FASD Conference • Federal subcontract for FASD systems change • Focus on awareness and prevention • CDC • Curricula • Interventions • Diagnostic guidelines • SAMHSA • FASD Center for • Excellence • 20 local subcontracts • 10 States • 5 Juvenile Justice

  27. PARENT & TEACHER SERIES Facilitator Training for Parent Series March 13 – 16, 2007

  28. WEBSITES FOR FASD INFO www.doublearc.org www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fas http://fascenter.samhsa.gov/ www.nofas.org www.notasingledrop.org www.ebasedacademy.org www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/fas www.education.gov.ab.ca/fasd/

  29. CONTACT INFORMATION Double ARC 3837 Secor Road Toledo, Ohio 43623 419-479-3060 www.doublearc.org