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Computer Access and Augmentative Communication. Jill Ethridge, OTR/L Janie Cirlot-New, M.S., CCC/SLP National AgrAbility Workshop Jackson, MS November 14, 2006. What is Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)?. the supplementation or replacement of speech and/or writing

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computer access and augmentative communication

Computer Access and Augmentative Communication

Jill Ethridge, OTR/L

Janie Cirlot-New, M.S., CCC/SLP

National AgrAbility Workshop

Jackson, MS

November 14, 2006

what is augmentative and alternative communication aac
What is Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)?

the supplementation or replacement of speech and/or writing

  • Aided communication
  • Unaided communication
who uses aac individuals with
Cerebral palsy

Autism

Developmental apraxia of speech

Mental retardation

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis

Traumatic brain injury

Stroke

Who uses AAC?Individuals with:
benefits of aac
Benefits of AAC…
  • Independence
  • Control
  • Social Inclusion
  • Community Participation
  • Employment
  • Academic achievement
aac evaluation
AAC Evaluation
  • Multidisciplinary Team
  • Client’s goals and objectives
  • Client’s functional abilities
  • Family/Caregiver
aac systems
Low Tech

Alphabet boards

Topic boards

Tech/Four

Partner/Four

Tech/Talk

Tech/Speak

Leo

Go Talk

High Tech

DV4

MT4

DynaWrite

Pathfinder

Vantage

Vanguard

Mini Merc

Tech Touch

AAC Systems
types of displays
Types of Displays
  • Fixed
  • Dynamic
access considerations
Access Considerations
  • Direct select
    • Touch
    • Eye gaze
    • Infrared
  • Scanning
messages
Messages
  • Single word
  • Phrases
  • Sentences
  • Pre-stored message
funding
Funding
  • Medicare
  • Medicaid
  • Private insurance
  • Vocational Rehabilitation
  • Local Education Agency
who benefits from adaptive computer access technologies
Who benefits from adaptive computer access technologies?
  • Individuals with Visual Disabilities
  • Individuals with Physical Disabilities
  • Individuals with Cognitive Disabilities
things to consider
Things to Consider
  • What is the expected outcome of using AT?
  • What is the individual’s view of using the recommended AT?
  • What is the individual’s level of computer literacy?
  • How will training be provided for the AT?
  • What environment is the AT going to be used in?
areas of at technology for vision impairments
Areas of AT:Technology for Vision Impairments

The exploration of solutions for the individual's needs utilizing an array of state-of-the-art devices and software applications.

areas of at technology for vision impairments14
Areas of AT:Technology for Vision Impairments

Adaptive technologies range from hand held magnifiers and electronic magnification systems to computer software that produces auditory and tactile outputs for the text displayed on a computer monitor.

computer software
Computer Software

Visual Disabilities

  • Screen magnification
    • Examples: Zoom Text, MAGic, Lunar Screen Magnifier
  • Screen reading
    • Examples: JAWS, Window-Eyes
  • Scanning and reading systems
    • Examples: Kurzweil 1000, OpenBook, Scan and Read
  • Display settings (some built into OS)
    • Examples: mouse, cursor, icons, background, and text color
computer software17
Computer Software

Physical Disabilities

  • On-screen Keyboards (WiViK, ScreenDoors)
  • Voice Recognition (Dragon NaturallySpeaking)
  • Abbreviation Expansion (SoothSayer)
  • Word Prediction (WordQ, WYNN)
  • Morse Code (Darci)
computer software18
Computer Software

Learning Disabilities

  • Talking Word Processors
  • Word Prediction
  • Scan and Read (Kurzweil 3000)
computer hardware
Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • “Standard Mice”
computer hardware20
Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Trackballs
computer hardware21
Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Joystick Mouse
    • Also, possibly through wheelchair controller
computer hardware22
Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Mouse Pointing Through Head Control
    • Infra red
    • USB Camera
computer hardware23
Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Other Options
computer hardware24
Computer Hardware

Alternative Mice/Mouse Control

  • Other Options
    • Switch Control for Mouse or Just Click
    • Touch Screen
computer hardware25
Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • “Ergonomic Keyboards”
computer hardware26
Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • Small Footprint Keyboards
computer hardware27
Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • Large Keyboards
computer hardware28
Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • One Handed Keyboards
computer hardware29
Computer Hardware

Alternative Keyboards

  • Other Options
slide35

T. K. Martin Center for Technology and Disability

P.O. Box 9736

Mississippi State, MS 39762

662.325.1028

jcirlotnew@tkmartin.msstate.edu

jethridge@tkmartin.msstate.edu