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Attribution Theory Wiener’s Belief Systems Attribution Theory Cognitive View of Motivation Problems arise from faulty thinking Beliefs, perceptions, interpretations “Everybody hates me!” “He did it on purpose!” I’m just not good at_________” Intervention corrects faulty thinking

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attribution theory

Attribution Theory

Wiener’s Belief Systems

attribution theory2
Attribution Theory
  • Cognitive View of Motivation
    • Problems arise from faulty thinking
      • Beliefs, perceptions, interpretations
        • “Everybody hates me!”
        • “He did it on purpose!”
        • I’m just not good at_________”
    • Intervention corrects faulty thinking
      • Propose alternative thinking processes
      • We all become what we believe we are
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Attribution Theory
  • Attributions
    • Causal explanations for our successes & failures
      • Student excuses
      • Examples:???????????????
        • I’m the dumb one in my family
        • I had computer problems
        • I’m just not good at art
        • Just got too busy with other work
        • My partner was supposed to finish the project
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Attribution Theory
  • Weiner’s research
    • Thousands of student excuses collected
    • Sorted according to like characteristics
  • Elements of Attributions
    • Locus
      • Internal* to the speaker
        • Genetics, emotional, judgment, etc
      • External* to the speaker
        • Society, family, luck, etc.
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Attribution Theory
  • Elements of Attributions – cont.
    • Stability
      • Unstable, changeable*
        • Temporary state
      • Stable, unchangeable*
        • Enduring Trait
    • Responsibility
      • Controllable*
        • Personally accountable
      • Uncontrollable*
        • Blaming other people, things, luck, etc.
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Attribution Theory
  • What is the belief system for these:
        • I’m the dumb one in my family
        • I had computer problems
        • I’m just not good at _________
          • My parent weren’t very good at_______either
        • Just got too busy with other work
        • My partner was supposed to finish the project
        • I forgot my homework
        • I was sick the day of the test
        • The teacher hates girls
        • Terrible teacher
        • I have no interest in _________.
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Attribution Theory
  • Common Belief Systems
    • Learned helplessness
      • Graveyard spiral
        • No expectation for success
        • Internal/external-unchangeable-uncontrollable
    • Productive students
      • Stairway to Heaven
        • Will work until they achieve
        • Internal – changeable – controllable