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Science 10-4: Nutrition. questions you will answer:. What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from? What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients? How can individuals make healthy eating and lifestyle choices. what are nutrients?.

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Questions you will answer
questions you will answer:

  • What are nutrients? Where do nutrients come from?

  • What are the short-term and long-term consequences of too many or too few nutrients?

  • How can individuals make healthy eating and lifestyle choices


What are nutrients
what are nutrients?

  • Nutrients are substances found in food

  • Nutrients provide nourishment to your body

  • 6 main types of nutrients:

    • carbohydrates

    • fats

    • proteins

    • vitamins

    • minerals

    • water

BrainPOP: nutrition



Roles sources of nutrients
roles & sources of nutrients keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

CARBOHYDRATES

FATS

Stored in the body as energy source when carbohydrates are in short supply

Sources:

red meat, dairy, nuts, oils

  • Sugars and starches are the main source of energy for the body

    Sources:

    • rice, bread, cereal, potatoes, pasta


Roles sources of nutrients1
roles & sources of nutrients keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

PROTEINS

VITAMINS

Help carry out life functions like growth and reproduction

Sources:

fruits and vegetables

  • Build and repair body tissue

    Sources:

    • meat, eggs, dairy, beans, nuts


Roles sources of nutrients2
roles & sources of nutrients keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

MINERALS

WATER

Helps carry out life functions, moves nutrients and waste products

Sources:

beverages, foods high in water like fruits and vegetables

  • Important to strong bones and teeth. Also help carry out life functions

    Sources:

    • dairy, fruits and vegetables


Malnutrition
malnutrition keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

  • Malnutrition occurs when nutrients are missing from a diet.

  • Can occur when people:

    • eat too little

    • make poor eating choices


Diets
Diets keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

  • “Diet” refers to the amount and type of food you eat.

  • A mixed diet contains a wide variety of foods:

    • grain products

    • fruits & vegetables

    • milk products

    • meat & meat alternatives


Diets1
Diets keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

  • A vegetarian diet lacks meat products

  • Vegetarian diets:

    • high in fibre

    • low in fat

    • may lack vitamins

    • may lack calcium


Diets2
Diets keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

  • A “fad diet” refers to a current diet craze

  • Fad diets usually involve weight loss

  • Examples:

    • cabbage soup diet

    • grapefruit diet

    • Atkins diet

    • Caveman diet

Caveman Diet


Canada s food guide
Canada's food guide keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

  • Canada’s Food Guide helps Canadians make healthy choices

  • Five guidelines:

    • Eat a variety of foods

    • Eat whole grains, fruits and vegetables

    • Chose low fat foods

    • Participate in physical activity

    • Limit salt, sugar, alcohol and caffeine intake

Canada’s Food Guide


Survey
survey keep cells, tissues and organs healthy.

Take the anonymous survey related to your lifestyle and eating habits!

Take the survey HERE!


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