The climatic impacts on indian agriculture
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K. Krishna Kumar K. Rupa Kumar, R.G. Ashrit, N.R. Deshpande and James Hansen (IRI, New York) Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India ( [email protected] ). The Climatic Impacts on Indian Agriculture. Objectives.

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The Climatic Impacts on Indian Agriculture

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The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

K. Krishna Kumar

K. Rupa Kumar, R.G. Ashrit, N.R. Deshpande and James Hansen (IRI, New York)

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India

([email protected])

The Climatic Impacts on Indian Agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Objectives

Objectives

  • To generate data on all-India and state-level Agricultural Indices

  • To Identify Crops and Regions in India having strong Climatic Signal which can be used for Developing various Climate Applications initiatives/programs involving National and Multi-national Institutions and Individual Scientists

  • Establishing Climate Signal in various Agricultural Indices has implications for Climate Change Impact Assessment Studies as well

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Agriculture facts

Agriculture Facts

  • India lives mainly in its villages, 600,000 of them

  • Roughly 65% of the population is rural

  • India’s growth in per capita food production during 1979-92 was about 1.6% per annum – the highest in the world during this period

  • Agriculture provides livelihood to about 65% of the labor force

  • Agriculture contributes nearly 29% to the GDP

  • In terms of fertilizer consumption, India ranks 4th in the world

  • About 43% of India’s geographical area is used for agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Irrigation

IRRIGATION

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Production/Area/ Yield

Total foodgrains

Kharif/Rabi Rice

Winter Wheat

Groundnut

Sorghum

Cereals

Oilseeds

Pulses

Sugarcane

Source

Agricultural Situation in India

India Data Base

Organizations

Center for Monitoring Indian Economy

Dept. of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India

DATA

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Crop Areas

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Monsoon variability

Monsoon Variability

Features

Factors

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


All india summer monsoon rainfall 1871 2001 based on iitm homogeneous monthly rainfall data set

All-India Summer Monsoon Rainfall (1871-2001)(Based on IITM Homogeneous Monthly Rainfall Data Set)

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

JJA-1

SON-1

MAM

DJF-1

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Regional climate signal in indian agriculture indices

Regional Climate Signal in Indian Agriculture Indices

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Area under major food crops in india and irrigated during 1950 1998

Area under Major Food Crops in India and % Irrigated during 1950-1998

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Total Foodgrain Production in India and its Relation to Indian Rainfall

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Kharif Rice Production in India and its Relation to Indian Rainfall

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Total Wheat Production in India and its Relation to Indian Rainfall

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Kharif Groundnut Production and its relation to Indian Rainfall

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

Total Sorghum Production and its relation to Indian Rainfall

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Global climate signal in indian agriculture

Global Climate Signal in Indian Agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


Summary

Summary

  • Most rainfed crops show statistically significant relation with Regional and Global Climatic Factors, the exception being Sorghum.

  • Wheat and Sugarcane, the two most irrigated crops, do not show any climatic signal.

  • Groundnut and Kharif (Summer) Rice in India show very strong regional and global climatic signals and should be targeted for climate application as well as climate change impact assessment studies.

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


The climatic impacts on indian agriculture

PROMISE-ICTP Meeting 24-28 March, 2003


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