Indian impacts on british cuisine
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INDIAN IMPACTS ON BRITISH CUISINE. – Curry: An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles –. 1Indian Overall Impacts 2Food: Curry – An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles 2.1 Definition and Pronunciation 2.2 Origin 2.3Semantic Relationships Varieties of Curry: Masala and Balti Dishes

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INDIAN IMPACTS ON BRITISH CUISINE

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Indian impacts on british cuisine

INDIAN IMPACTS ON BRITISH CUISINE

– Curry: An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles –


Outline

1Indian Overall Impacts

2Food: Curry – An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles

2.1Definition and Pronunciation

2.2Origin

2.3Semantic Relationships

Varieties of Curry: Masala and Balti Dishes

3.1Chicken Tikka Masala – The New Traditional English Dish?

3.2Balti – An English Invention?

Empirical Data – Entries in Search Engines

Evaluation: www.currypages.com

Outline


1 indian overall impacts

1Indian Overall Impacts

FOOD

CLOTHING

RELIGION

Indian

Bangladeshi

Pakistani

EMPLOYMENT

MUSIC

FILM, EG. BOLLYWOOD

ART

JEWELLERY

TELEVISION


2 food curry an indian dish conquers the british isles

2.1Definition and Pronunciation [1]

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (1995: 276)

curry /kAri/ n a dish of meat, fish, vegetables, etc cooked with certain hot-tasting spices. Curry is often eaten with rice […]

► curriedadj cooked with certain hot-tasting spices […]

■ curry powdern a mixture of various spices ground to a powder and used in making curry

2Food: Curry – An Indian Dish Conquers the British Isles


Indian impacts on british cuisine

2.1Definition and Pronunciation [2]

Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners (2001: 371)

curry /kAri, AM k3:ri/ (curries, currying, curried)

[1] Curry is a dish composed of meat and vegetables, or just vegetables, in a sauce containing hot spices. It is usually eaten with rice and is one of the main dishes of India.

[2] …

Oxford Dictionaries (http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/curry_1?view=uk)

curry1 • noun (pl. curries) a dish of meat, vegetables, etc., cooked in an Indian-style sauce of strong spices. • verb (curries, curried) prepare or flavour with such a

sauce.


Indian impacts on british cuisine

2.2Origin

Alan Davidson's Oxford Companion to Food:

from the Tamil word kari meaning spiced sauce

Camellia Panjabi [author of 50 Great Curries of India]:

concedes with this argument, though she suggests Northern India may have played some part; gravy dish called khadi

Others: word curry originates from Old English as cury was the Old English word for cooking derived from the Frenchcuire, meaning to cook, broil or grill


2 3 semantic relationships 1

Collocations

hot / medium / mild curry

curry powder

curry sauce

curry stuff (chillies, onions, ginger, coconut, turmeris, cardamom, colves, etc ground into paste or powder)

chicken curry / beef curry

curry paste

2.3Semantic Relationships [1]


2 3 semantic relationships 2

Homonymy

according to the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary(1995: 276), curry is a homonym:

curry1“a dish of meat, fish, vegetables etc”

curry2 “[…] IDM: curry favour (with sb) to try to gain sb’s favour by giving them help, praise, etc”

2.3Semantic Relationships [2]


2 3 semantic relationships 3

2.3Semantic Relationships [3]


2 3 semantic relationships 4

2.3Semantic Relationships [4]

Lexical Field:

 though rather folk linguistics


3 varieties of curry balti and masala dishes

3.1Chicken Tikka Masala – The New Traditional English Dish?

Definition and Origin(http://www.sonzyskitchen.com/chickentikka.htm)

chicken tikka masala , n., mild curry dish of chicken in a tomato-based sauce, cooked tandoori style (in a charcoal-fired oven)

developed during colonial times in India (½ Indian & ½ British)

3Varieties of Curry: Balti and Masala Dishes


Chicken tikka masala facts and figures

Sainsbury's sell 1.6 million CTM meals every year and stocks 16 CTM-related products including chicken tikka masala pasta sauce & chicken tikka masala sandwiches etc

a 1998 survey by Real Curry Restaurant Guide of 48 different CTMs found only common ingredient was chicken

23 million portions a year are sold in Indian restaurants

10 tonnes of Chicken Tikka Masala a day are produced by Noon Products destined for supermarkets

most schools and charities in Sylhet, Bangladesh are run by proceeds from its sales

Chicken Tikka Masala – Facts and Figures


3 2 balti an english invention

Definition and Pronunciation

Oxford Dictionaries (http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/balti?view=uk)

balti /b):lti/ or /bAlti/ n (pl. baltis) a type of Pakistani cuisine in which the food is cooked in a small two-handled pan

ORIGIN: Urdu, ‘pail’

Nationmaster (www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Cuisine-of-India)

“Balti is the name for a style of food probably first devised and served in Birmingham, England around the late 1970s, probably 1977. The food is a hot curry-style dish, most likely taking its name

from the thick flat-bottomed steel or iron pot in which it is both cooked and served.”

3.2Balti – An English Invention?


Origin

exact origin of the word is debated, but the following are

possible:

A: usual explanation: balti (meaning, literally, "bucket" in India) refers to the steel or iron pot. B: name refers to the region of Baltistan or the Balti people who live there

C: arose from "bowl tea", a Pidgin-English phrase used by English working-class workmen who found the meal to be an affordable and filling 'tea' (dinner) at the end of a day's work

Origin


Birmingham s balti triangle

Birmingham = Capital of the Balti  spicy dish was introduced to the city by Pakistani and Kashmiri population in the mid 1970s  bridged the cultural gap between immigrants and new home country

vast majority of Balti houses are situated in the Sparkbrook, Balsall Heath and Moseley areas of South Birmingham = “Balti Triangle”

there are around 50 balti houses in the “Balti Triangle” - many of them famous for their giant 'table top' naans

Birmingham‘s Balti Triangle


Balti triangle map

Balti Triangle – Map


4 empirical data entries in search engines

4Empirical Data – Entries in Search Engines


5 evaluation www currypages com 1

5Evaluation: www.currypages.com[1]


Indian impacts on british cuisine

5Evaluation: www.currypages.com [2]


5 evaluation www currypages com 3

5Evaluation: www.currypages.com [3]


5 evaluation www currypages com 31

5Evaluation: www.currypages.com [3]


Sources

Balti Experience. City of Birmingham. 26 June 2005. <http://www.birmingham.gov.uk>

Balti Triangle. Travel West Midlands. 26 June 2005. <http://www.travelwm.co.uk/events/ ptv/baltitriangle.asp>

Crowther, Jonathan, ed (1995). Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary. Oxford: University Press.

Curry. Wikipedia. 26 June 2005. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curry>

Dish Glossary. Curry Pages. 26 June 2005. <http://www.currypages.com/dishglossary. aspx>

Encyclopeadia. Nationmaster. 26 June 2005. <http://www.nationmaster.com/ encyclopedia>

Inside Out. BBC. 26 June 2005. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/insideout/northwest/series1/ curry.shtml>

Legacies – Birmingham. BBC. 26 June 2005. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/immig_ emig/england/birmingham/index.shtml>

Sinclair, John, ed. (2001). English Dictionary for Advanced Learners. Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers.

Sony‘z Kitchen. Home Page. 26 June 2005. <http://www.sonzyskitchen.com/chicken tikka.htm>

Sources


Indian impacts on british cuisine

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