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Obsessive-Compulsive disorder. By Sophia Foutsitzis & Kim van Menxel. Maladaptivity. Very precise if one thing goes wrong, panic rises Dull having to repeat the same thing everyday Wastes time have to do it a certain amount of times. Unjustifiable behavior. Fear Illness

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obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive disorder

By Sophia Foutsitzis & Kim van Menxel

maladaptivity
Maladaptivity
  • Very precise
    • if one thing goes wrong, panic rises
  • Dull
    • having to repeat the same thing everyday
  • Wastes time
    • have to do it a certain amount of times
unjustifiable behavior
Unjustifiable behavior
  • Fear
    • Illness
      • Ex. Washing your hands when you touch a doorknob
    • Death
      • Attached with superstition
disturbing behavior
Disturbing behavior
  • Other people can be impatient
  • Have to be very careful not to disrupt the ritual
    • If they don’t, panic and anxiety will rise or rapidly build up
typicality
Typicality
  • People don’t usually have a certain way of doing things ever day, have unique schedules each day
    • OCD vs. Organized
  • Not as paranoid, don’t repeat actions numerous times
    • Ex. Checking the locks of your doors 10 times a day, unlocking and locking them again
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Obsessive
  • Compulsive
  • Most common forms of OCD:
    • Obsession
      • Concerned with dirt, germs, or toxins
      • Something terrible happening (fire, death, illness)
      • Symmetry, order, or exactness
    • Compulsions
      • Excessive hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, or grooming
      • Repeating rituals (in/out a door, up/down from a chair)
      • Checking doors, locks, appliances, car brakes, and homework
causes
Causes
  • Biological Factors
    • Heredity – inherit a predisposition to be anxious
    • Brain Function – frontal lobes (where decision making happens) are more active
  • Learning Factors
    • Conditioning – learn to fear germs out of experiences
    • Observational Learning – if of parents are afraid of germs, you could turn out the same through observation
    • Reinforcement – when you do something that makes you feel better, you repeat the action (i.e. for OCD washing hands)
therapy
Therapy
  • Psychological Theory
    • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
      • PROS: Puts everything in a positive light and helps you to think through things
  • Drug Therapy
    • Anti-anxiety drugs
      • PROS: treats anxiety and gives a euphoric effect
      • CONS: it only gives temporary relief and can’t be taken with CNS depressants (not necessarily a con)
personal story
Personal story

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5jOKtTyulXQ&feature=related

website
Website
  • For younger audiences
    • http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/mental_health/ocd.html?tracking=T_RelatedArticle
  • For everyone
    • http://www.ocfoundation.org/whatisocd.aspx?gclid=COj6xeX-0KsCFcEa6wod-SVTSw
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