Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:. (OCD ) Obsessions – unwanted thoughts, ideas or mental images that occur over and over again. Compulsions – repetitive ritual behaviors, often involving checking or cleaning something. . Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:.
Obsessions – unwanted thoughts, ideas or mental images that occur over and over again.
Compulsions – repetitive ritual behaviors, often involving checking or cleaning something.
The people who experience obsessions are usually aware that the obsessions are justified.
Obsessions can be time consuming and create additional interference with daily life.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder – intense, persistent feelings of anxiety that are caused by an experience so traumatic that it would produce stress in almost anyone.
Ex. 1/3 of the victims of Hurricane Andrew (1992) developed PTSD.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder –
- Flashbacks- Nightmares- Numbness of feelings - Increased tension- Sleep disturbances - Poor concentration - Irritability
Psychological Viewpoint –
Phobias are conditioned or learned.
During childhood they experienced a traumatic event.
The negative response is how people cope with their anxiety.
Biological Viewpoint –
Study: If one pair of identical twins showed signs of an anxiety disorder, there was a 45% chance that the other twin would have the same disorder.
Study: If you have a pair of fraternal twins, they only have a 15% chance of a similar disorder.
Dissociation – refers to the separation of certain personality components or mental processes from conscious thought.
Ex. If you are reading a book, you might not hear your name being called.
Dissociative Amnesia –
Sudden loss of memory
Can not remember their name, recognize friends or recall personal information.
Dissociative Fugue –
Forgetting personal information and past events but also by suddenly relocating from home or work and taking a new identity.
Ex. Wartime or natural disasters
Once the fugue time ENDS they no longer remember what happened during the fugue state.
Voice, Facial Expressions, Age, Gender & Physical characteristics
Feelings of detachment from one’s mental processes or body and feelings of being ‘outside of their own body’.
PPD – people tend to be distrustful and suspicious of others and to interpret other’s motives as harmful or evil.
Difficult to get along with, argumentative.
They are NOT confused with reality.
No interest in relationships with others.
Lack normal emotional responsiveness.
They do NOT become attached to people.
They do NOT have delusions or hallucinations staying in touch with reality.
People who show a constant behavior pattern where they disregard the rights of others.
Typically they do not feel guilt or remorse for their antisocial behaviors.
In childhood or early adolescence they might run away, hurt other people or animals, aggression or reckless.
People desire relationships with other people.
They are afraid of relationships because they have a fear of the disapproval of others.
They might act shy and withdrawn in social situations because of the fear of embarrassment.
TS can be an inherited disorder of the nervous system, characterized by a variable expression of unwanted movements and noises (tics).
A person’s unrealistic preoccupation with thoughts that he or she has a serious disease.
People become absorbed by minor symptoms and sensations convinced that the issue is a serious medical problem.