The globalization of international relations
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The Globalization of International Relations. CHAPTER ONE. Dr. Clayton Thyne PS 235-001: World Politics Spring 2010 Goldstein & Pevehouse, International Relations , 8/e Student notes version. The Study of International Relations. International relations concerns… Narrowly defined:

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The globalization of international relations

The Globalization of International Relations

CHAPTER ONE

Dr. Clayton Thyne

PS 235-001: World Politics

Spring 2010

Goldstein & Pevehouse, International Relations, 8/e

Student notes version


The study of international relations

The Study of International Relations

  • International relations concerns…

  • Narrowly defined:

    • Many other actors exist – …

    • Relationships cannot be understood...

    • Central trend in IR today:


Ir and daily life

IR and Daily Life

  • IR profoundly affects your life as well as that of other citizens.

  • War is among the most pervasive international influences in daily life, even in peacetime.

  • World is shrinking year by year.


Core principles

Core Principles

  • IR revolves around one key problem:

  • How can a group – such as two or more nations – serve its ________________ when doing so requires its members to forego their ________________ interests?

  • Example:

  • 3 solutions…the next 3 slides (see Table 1.1 on p. 6)


Ca solution 1 dominance

CA solution #1: Dominance

  • Solves the collective goods problem by…

    • Advantage(s):

  • Disadvantage(s):

    • Nuke example:


  • Ca solution 2 reciprocity

    CA solution #2: Reciprocity

    • Solves the collective goods problem by…

      • Advantage(s):

  • Disadvantage(s):

    • Nuke example:


  • Ca solution 3 identity

    CA solution #3: Identity

    • Solves the collective goods problem by…

      • Advantage(s):

  • Disadvantage(s):

    • Nuke example:


  • Ir as a field of study

    IR as a Field of Study

    • IR is about international politics, but the field is _________________

    • Practical discipline

    • IR is 1 of 4 subfields in political science. The others are…

      • _______________________

      • _______________________

      • _______________________

    • General focus of IR:


    State actors

    State Actors

    • Most important actors in IR are __________________.

    • State:

      • State government exercises ___________________over its territory.

      • Recognized as ____________________ by other states

      • Seat of government with a leader

      • State definition versus:

        • Nation:

        • Country:

        • Nation-state:

        • Some “quasi-states”:


    State actors1

    State Actors

    • International system

      • Def:

      • Modern international system has existed for less than _____________________ years.

      • Great variation on a number of key variables, including…[see next 6 slides].


    The world today major powers

    The World Today: Major Powers

    State% of power

    FRN.022824

    UKG.024668

    GMY.029424

    JPN.051258

    RUS.052549

    CHN.128823

    USA.149792


    The world today concentration of power

    The World Today: Concentration of Power


    The world today democracy

    The World Today: Democracy


    Figure 1 1

    Figure 1.1


    A closer look at the us

    A Closer Look at the US


    A closer look at the us1

    A Closer Look at the US


    Nonstate actors

    Nonstate Actors

    • Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)

    • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

    • Multinational corporations

    • Substate actors

      • Individuals


    Levels of analysis

    Levels of Analysis

    • Many actors involved in IR

    • Response:


    Levels of analysis1

    Levels of Analysis

    • Levels of analysis help…

    • No correct level for a given “why” question

    • Example: War in Iraq

      • Individual:

      • Domestic:

      • Interstate:

      • Global:


    Globalization

    Globalization

    • Many trends:

    • Globalization: Three conceptions of this process compete.

      • Liberal economic principles/global marketplace:

      • Skepticism:

      • Middle ground:

    • Globalization is changing both international security and IPE, but ________________ more quickly and profoundly.


    The evolving international system

    The Evolving International System

    • The basic structures and principles of international relations are deeply rooted in historical developments.

    • WWI and WWII occupied only ten years of the 20th century, but shaped the character of the century.

    • We’ll briefly look at key events of the 20th century, focusing on the post Cold War era (1990+), including…

      • WWI (1914-18)

      • WWII (1939-45)

      • Cold War (1946-90)


    Wwi 1914 18

    WWI (1914-18)

    • WWI (the war to end all wars):

  • WWI was not short or decisive:

    • 2 main outcomes:

    • Ended w/ __________________________

      2.Led to the ____________________________________


  • Wwii 1939 45

    WWII (1939-45)

    • U.S. ___________________ between WWI and WWII, declining _______________ power, and a _________________ crippled by its own revolution left a power vacuum in the world.

    • In the ____________, Germany and Japan stepped into the vacuum w/ aggressive expansionism.

    • Policies of _________________ allowed Hitler to occupy almost all of Europe


    Wwi wwii contradictory lessons

    WWI & WWII: contradictory lessons

    • Lesson from WWI:

  • Lesson from WWII:

    • IR scholars have not discovered a simple formula for choosing______________________.


  • The cold war 1945 1990

    The Cold War, 1945-1990

    • U.S. and Soviet Union – two superpowers of the post-WWII era:

    • Central concern of the West:

    • Sino-Soviet alliance:

    • Scholars do not agree on why the Cold War ended:


    The cold war 1945 19901

    The Cold War, 1945-1990

    • Key events:

      • Korean War

      • Vietnam War

      • Afghanistan War

      • Many other proxy wars…


    The post cold war era 1990 2007

    The Post-Cold War Era, 1990-2007

    • Many key events…

      • Iraq invades Kuwait, 1990  Gulf War

      • Collapse of Soviet Union 

        • Declaration of republics as sovereign states

        • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

        • Western relations with Russia mixed since the 1990s

          • Little external aid for Russia during the harsh economic transition

      • Break-up of the former Yugoslavia

      • Rwanda genocide

      • US “go it alone” policies

      • 9/11 attacks

      • War on Terrorism: Iraq and Afghanistan

      • Nuke problems w/ Iran and N. Korea


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