The crusades
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The Crusades. By Samuel Lewis and Melanie Logan. The Crusades. A series of Holy Wars Emperor Alexuis I asks Pope Urban III for help Started when Muslim Turks attack the Holy Land Many ordinary people were motivated by riches. The Crusades . They took back Holy land in 1099

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The Crusades

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The Crusades

By Samuel Lewis and Melanie Logan


The Crusades

  • A series of Holy Wars

  • Emperor Alexuis I asks Pope Urban III for help

  • Started when Muslim Turks attack the Holy Land

  • Many ordinary people were motivated by riches.


The Crusades

  • They took back Holy land in 1099

  • Wars went on and off for 200 years

  • Conquered land divided into 4 small states


Who won the Wars?

  • 1st Crusade- Christians

  • 2nd – 9th Crusade-Muslims


Children’s Crusade

  • In 1212 two groups joined the Crusades

    -From France and Germany

    -Mostly made up of Children

  • It didn’t end very well


The Impact

  • Expanded the European Economy

  • Crusaders brought back Byzantine goods like

    -Fabrics

    -Spices

    - Perfumes

  • Fleets turned into trade ships


Pros and Cons of Crusades

Pros

Cons

Power struggle still went on

Many people had died

Christians lost the Holy Land

  • Helped increase trade

  • Brought foreign goods to Europe

  • Gave power to the Pope and the Church


Effects on Monarchs and the Church

  • Increase of power in monarchs

    -Rulers used taxes to support the Crusades

  • Papal at its highest point

    - Short-lived period

    - Power struggle against Monarchs


Wide Worldview Evolves

  • Christians discovered regions

  • Europeans traveled to India and China

    - 1400 trade began with Europe and these two countries.


Marco Polo

  • Originally from Europe

  • Went to China with merchant father and uncle.

    - questioned their trip to China

  • Marco Polo and Crusades introduced Europe to a bigger world


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