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Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern Region. Recommendations of the Technical Session Presented by P. K. Basu Secretary (Agriculture & Cooperation) Ministry of Agriculture Government of India.

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Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern Region

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Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern Region

Recommendations of the Technical Session

Presented by

P. K. Basu

Secretary (Agriculture & Cooperation)

Ministry of Agriculture

Government of India


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An integrated approach is necessary to address the technological, infrastructural and policy constraints for bridging the productivity gaps in different crops


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Potential of Eastern Region

  • The region is endowed with climatic conditions particularly congenial temperature regime suitable for year round cropping

  • Vast unexploited agricultural potential

    • increasing cropping intensity

    • Increasing crop productivity

  • The region witnesses high annual rainfall and is rich in utilizable surface and ground-water resources


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Ground Water Availability and Utilization


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ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION IN KEY STATES (2007-08)

Consumption for agricultural purpose (%)

14


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The productivity levels of rice and rice-based cropping systems are about the lowest in the region when compared with that in other states


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Middle Gangetic Plains Region (Eastern U.P. and Bihar)

Lower Gangetic Plains Region

(WB other than Purulia and hill districts)

Submergence tolerant varieties of Rice need to be promoted

Scope for utilizing kharif rice fallows for cultivation of rabi pulses and oilseeds

Reduce upland rice areas with more suitable crops like pulses and oilseeds

Development of on-farm irrigation resources especially efficient use of ground water(except Arsenic Prone areas)

Flood/ water logging, poor drainage, Salinity/alkalinity, Arsenic contamination

  • Increasing the fertilizer use

    • Use Leaf colour charts for Nitrogen and promote PSB

    • Taking care of widespread deficiency of zinc and boron.

  • Promotion of short to medium duration high yielding varieties and hybrids of rice and maize

  • Promotion of maize cultivation especially in Rabi

  • Promotion of early maturing varieties of sugarcane

  • Development of on-farm irrigation resources especially efficient use of ground water

Strategies


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East Coast Plains & Hills (Part of Orissa)

Eastern Plateau & Hills Region (Parts of Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh)

Promote rainwater harvesting and storage for increasing crop productivity

Promotion of medium duration High yielding varieties/hybrids of rice

Improvement in seed supply so as to increase the SRR

Improvement in productivity of crops in acidic soils through soil treatment with liming materials available in the region

  • High yielding varieties for water logged areas and upland areas needs to be propagated

  • Discouraging the cultivation of rice in marginal lands and diversifying in favour of oilseeds and pulses

  • Utilization of rice fallows for increasing the crop area under pulses and oilseeds

  • Rice-fish culture

  • Improving soil drainage

Moisture stress, drought and Soil acidity, Iron toxicity

Salinity, Water management, Poor nutritional status of soil, saline lands

Strategies


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Action Plan (Short/Medium-term)

  • A.Rainfed upland Rice

  • Rice-based intercropping (Rice + Pigeon pea, 4:1) - S

  • Field bunding / graded bunding / contour bunding - S

  • HYV of 90 -100 days duration - S

  • Aerobic rice (Water efficient) – S

  • Percolation tanks/check dams/diversion weir – M

  • B.Rainfed lowland rice

  • Suitable dyke height of the field - S

  • Comprehensive drainage system - M

  • HYV of 120-135 days/140-150 days duration - S

  • Rice-fish farming system – S

  • INM and IPM - S


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Action Plan (Short/Medium term)

  • C.Deep Water Rice

  • Possible conversion to irrigated rice or other systems where suitable crops could be grown M

  • Improved waterlogging tolerant varieties - S

  • Pond-based farming - M

  • D.Irrigated rice

  • SRI (Water saving : 20-25%) – S

  • Renovation of drainage system - M

  • Efficient use of ground water (dug-wells, shallow tube-wells) – M

  • Covering more area under Boro Rice - S


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Action Plan (Short/Medium-term)

  • E.Wheat

  • Zero tillage for timely sowing - S

  • Renovation of field channels - S

  • Renovation of drainage system - M

  • Efficient use of ground water - M

  • F.Maize

  • Supply of single cross hybrids and QPM - S

  • Ridge and furrow system – S

  • Renovation of field channels and drainage system – S/M

  • Efficient use of ground water - M


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Action Plan (Short/Medium-term)

  • G.Pulses and Oilseeds

  • Utilizing Rice Fallows through relay cropping - S

  • Intercropping: (sugarcane, cotton, sorghum, maize with groundnut) - S

  • Certified seeds and application of bio-fertilizers – S

  • Pest Monitoring and Surveillance – S

    • Need for development of pod borer resistant varieties

  • Earthing with ridger-type implements for kharif pulses- S


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    Strategic Research

    • Screening of new pests and diseases and their effective management in the wake of climatic changes

    • Water and Nitrogen use efficient crops

    • Weed Management and strategic crop development

    • Season independent designer crops

    • Improvement of hybrids, nutrition and value added crops


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    ORISSA


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    Chhattisgarh


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    Bihar


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    Jharkhand


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    Uttar Pradesh


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    West Bengal


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    Key Interventions

    • Developing additional water sources through tube wells, dug wells and farm ponds

    • Promotion of Hybrid Rice

    • Promotion of Flood, Drought, Cold and Salinity tolerant rice varieties

    • Use of Drum seeders for timely planting of direct seeded rice

    • Promotion of SRI

    • Site specific nutrient management

    • Liming treatment in acidic soils

    • Pest monitoring and Surveillance

    • Bringing additional area under

      • Summer/Boro Rice

      • Pulses and oilseeds crops through relay cropping in rice fallows

      • Promoting pigeon pea as intercrop


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    Approach

    • Campaign mode of implementation creating clusters of successfully adopted villages

    • Convergence of schemes

      • Mechanism for synchronized actions

      • Maximizing benefits of different schemes

    • Private Sector participation

      • for management of irrigation assets

      • supply chain for different crops

    • Use of ICT to deliver crop advisories through Kiosks, Telephones and SMS

    • Dedicated Administrative Structure

      • Result oriented approach

      • Stability of tenure

      • Assigning officers of proven merit

      • Regular monitoring and concurrent evaluation

      • Rewards scheme


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    Sum up

    • Immense potential exists in the region for enhancing farm output through development and judicious use of available natural resources.

    • Region specific strategy has been developed involving

      • in-situ and on-farm conservation of rain-water,

      • comprehensive drainage system for water –logged soils,

      • restoration of soil fertility,

      • promoting use of efficient farm implements and input –responsive varieties/hybrids and creating infrastructure that facilitates input supply and technology dissemination

    • Approaches for implementation have been suggested to create impact

    • Efforts will have to be sustained over a period of time to show desired results


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    Adopting Regionally differentiated strategy

    addressing the key constraints with appropriate technology and

    Innovative development approaches

    is the key for effective implementation

    Thank you


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