Summary of the new archaeology
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Summary of the New Archaeology. Make archaeology a science with science define as Deductive explanations through hypothesis testing and/or laws Two kinds of explanations sought: Culture reconstruction (functional and behavior Explanations of culture process

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Summary of the New Archaeology

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Summary of the new archaeology

Summary of the New Archaeology

  • Make archaeology a science with science define as

    • Deductive explanations through hypothesis testing and/or laws

  • Two kinds of explanations sought:

    • Culture reconstruction (functional and behavior

    • Explanations of culture process

  • Developed new methods for connecting artifacts to cultural behavior:

    • Record formation processes

    • Ethnoarchaeology, experimental archaeology

    • mid range theory


Was is the new archaeology a paradigm

Was/is the New Archaeology a Paradigm

  • There is some debate on this issue:

    • The changes called for were certainly “revolutionary” and a far cry from what culture historians had been doing.

    • They discussed and developed new methods:

      • How to achieve certainty in conclusion

      • Reliance on quantitative methods

      • Emphasis on spatial variation and how to sample to obtain representative samples of that variation

      • Identification and description of record formation processes to build better analogues

  • BUT, they never constructed the explanation they so wanted. Do change in methods constitute a paradigm shift?


Changing directions from the na

Changing Directions from the NA

New Archaeology

  • Binford’s call for Science resulted in a push in that direction with a focus on ultimate causation

  • Binford’s focus on culture reconstruction was transformed into humanistic archaeology, e.g., post-processualism

ScientificPost Processualism

Archaeology

Evolutionary Theory


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