Chapter 12: DNA and RNA. Wheatley-Heckman Honors Biology/Chemistry. DNA. DNA is a long molecule made up of units called nucleotides . Each nucleotide is made up of 3 basic components: 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose) Phosphate group Nitrogenous base.
The two strands are said to be “complementary”.
A C T G G A T C T
Ribosomes are made up of proteins and been replicated.ribosomal RNA (rRNA).
DNA the golgi body, where it will be packaged and shipped to its final destination.
In an the golgi body, where it will be packaged and shipped to its final destination.insertion, an extra base is inserted into a base sequence.
In a deletion, the loss of a single base is deleted and the reading frame is shifted.