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Development of Cyberinfrastructure During Rapid and Interconnected Change. Dan Lubin Cyberinfrastructure Program Manager NSF Office of Polar Programs [email protected] Also thanks to Bill Wiseman Arctic Natural Sciences NSF Office of Polar Programs Arctic Forum 15 May 2008 Washington DC.

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Development of cyberinfrastructure during rapid and interconnected change

Development of Cyberinfrastructure During Rapid and Interconnected Change

Dan Lubin

Cyberinfrastructure Program Manager

NSF Office of Polar Programs

[email protected]

Also thanks to Bill Wiseman

Arctic Natural Sciences

NSF Office of Polar Programs

Arctic Forum

15 May 2008 Washington DC


How must research adapt to a rapidly changing arctic
How must research adapt to a rapidly changing Arctic? Interconnected Change

August 2004

August 1941

Muir and Riggs Glaciers, AK

Courtesy Mark Parsons, NSIDC


Cyberinfrastructure becomes a critical consideration
Cyberinfrastructure becomes a critical consideration Interconnected Change

  • Historical data in all forms must be preserved.

    • In a rapidly changing Arctic, data from past decades are a priceless benchmark.

  • We’re past IPCC 2007 Physical Science Basis.

    • On to assessment of ecological, human impacts, adaptation,

    • Increasing international collaboration.

    • Redouble climate observations for both physical and life sciences.

  • The physical, life science, and social science disciplines must be able to talk to each other!

    • Data of all types must be made interoperable across disciplines.

    • Large data sets such as satellite remote sensing and GCM model output must be accessible and interpretable across disciplines.


Cyberinfrastructure by components
Cyberinfrastructure by Components Interconnected Change

Learning & Work Force Needs & Opportunities

Virtual Organizations for Distributed Communities

High Performance Computing

Data Visualization & Interaction

Courtesy

Lucy Nowell, OCI


Required reading

High Performance Computing Interconnected Change

Data, Data Analysis & Visualization

Virtual Organizations

Learning & Workforce Development

Required Reading!

Cyberinfrastructure Vision, March 2007

Available on NSF Office of Cyberinfrasturcture web site

www.nsf.gov/pubs/2007/nsf0728/index.jsp


provides shared and connecting CI Interconnected Change

catalyzes

Office of Cyberinfrastructure

Cyberinfrastructure in Practice

Courtesy Dan Atkins, OCI Director

Provisioning -Creation, deploymentand operation of advanced CI

Transformative Application - to enhance discovery & learning

Borromean Ring: The three rings taken together are inseparable, but remove any one ring and the other two fall apart. See www.liv.ac.uk/~spmr02/rings/

R&D to enhance technical and social effectiveness of future CI environments


Oci science drivers apply directly to today s arctic climate change problems
OCI Science Drivers apply directly to today’s Arctic climate change problems

  • Inherent complexity and multi-scale nature of todays frontier science challenges.

  • Requirement for multi-disciplinary, multi-investigator, multi-institutional approach (often international).

  • High data intensity from simulations, digital instruments, sensor nets, observatories.

  • Increased value of data and demand for data curation & preservation of access.

  • Exploiting infrastructure sharing to achieve better stewardship of research funding.

  • Strategic need for engaging more students in high quality, authentic science and engineering education.

Dan Atkins, OCI Director


Emerging OCI Coordination Structure climate change problems

National Science & Technology Council (OSTP)

Committee on Technology

Subcommittee on Networking & IT R&D

Other Federal Research & Mission Agency Programs

Advisory Committee on Cyberinfrastructure

Liaison with each Directorate/Office

CI COUNCIL

Director

Dep. Dir

BIO

CISE

EHR

ENG

GEO

MPS

OISE

OCI

OPP

SBE

OCI

ACCI Task Force Groups

Inter Agency Data Group

Directorate/Office CI Coordinators Committee

International e-science, cyber science programs

HPC Coordinating Group

Data Coordinating Group

Other Coordinating Groups TBD

Dan Atkins,

Director OCI

Additional linkage within NSF through joint appointments and every OCI Program Officer having a liaison role with another Directorate or Office


High Performance Computing climate change problems

Track 1: One solicitation funded over 4 years: $200M acquisition + additional O&M cost.

Track 2: Four solicitations over 4 years: $30M/yr acquisition + additional O&M cost. First track 1 approved 8-07

  • TeraGrid

  • Large-scale operational CI for national open science community

    • 11 resource providers

    • 1 Grid Infrastructure Group (GIG)

  • Single unified allocation process

  • Comprehensive user support

    • Advanced applications & software integration

    • Science gateways

  • RS & Modeling: Don’t be afraid to check it out!


Drivers for oci data data interoperability strategy
Drivers for OCI Data & Data Interoperability Strategy climate change problems

  • Increased scale & heterogeneity of Data

  • Demand for federation & semantic interoperability

  • Increased expectations for sharing & openness

  • More systematic quality control & long-term access

Lucy Nowell, OCI

Examples from CADIS

(AON Program)


Federal Agencies, Academia, Library & Preservation Sector, Foundations & Non-profits, Commercial Sector, National Laboratories, International Agencies

OCI Data Strategy

Mechanisms

DATANET

Partners

Exec-level Review of NSF Data Policies

Blue Ribbon task force on sustainable data repositories

Activities

Lucy Nowell, OCI


ST-SP Foundations & Non-profits, Commercial Sector, National Laboratories, International Agencies

P: Physical mtgs

I: Print-on-paper books, journals

F: Physical labs, studios, shops

DT-SP

P: Shared notebook

I: Library reserves

F: Time-shared physical labs, ...

ST-DP

P: AV conference

I: Web search

F: Online instruments

DT-DP

P: Email

I: Knowbots

F: Autonomous observatories

Virtual Organizations offer additional modes of interaction between People, Information, and Facilities

Courtesy

Diana Rhoten, OCI

Time

Same

(synchronous)

Different

(asynchronous)

Same

Geographic Place

Different

P: people, I: information, F: facilities, instruments


Virtual organization examples
Virtual Organization Examples Foundations & Non-profits, Commercial Sector, National Laboratories, International Agencies

  • NanoHUB (www.nanohub.org)

    • Serving the nanotechnology community

    • One of the most successful sets of VO portal software, now spinning of as HUBzero (www.hubzero.org)

  • National Ecological Observatory Network (www.neoninc.org)

    • Continental-scale research platform investigating impacts of climate change, land use change, and invasive species on ecology

  • Network for Earthquake Engineering Cyberinfrastructure Center (NEESgrid) (http://it.nees.org)

    • Real-time access to remote experiments in earthquake engineering

  • Arctic Observation Network (www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/aon-cadis/)

    • Instrument deployment underway

    • Cooperative Arctic Data and Information Service (CADIS) evolving, very promising


Cyberinfrastructure considerations lead to philosophical considerations
Cyberinfrastructure considerations lead to philosophical considerations

  • Data interoperability and virtual organizations require consideration of ontologies, semantics and provenance.

  • Data Product Suites versus Observation Suites

  • “Place-based” observations (e.g., LTER model) versus Large-scale observations (e.g.,NEON model)

  • Is your science plan capability based (What can we do?) or requirements based (What should be done?), and is this choice appropriate?

  • Does your plan for measuring climate and ecological forcings contain built-in assumptions about which are most important?

  • Rigorous consideration of CI requirements will compel you to answer these questions!


Requirements for success with oci solicitations
Requirements for Success with OCI Solicitations considerations

  • Domain Science (everything we do) must have an equal partnership with Computer Science.

    • Computer Science must not appear to be the servant of the Domain Science.

    • If you do anything polar – you are a domain scientist!

  • OCI panels tend to be heavily weighted by computer scientists’ input!

    • Not always by number, sometimes by unique expertise, strong personalities!

  • You should have a bona fide computer scientist as a collaborator.

    • Computer scientist, informatician, sociologist, etc., depending on solicitation.

    • Someone actively publishing in the area of his/her contribution.

    • Involve, or (even better) potential to publish: research in top-flight computer or information science peer-review journals.

    • Computer trade journals, software manuals, not sufficient for your reference list!

    • Your work/management plan must clearly discuss everyone’s role, even on a 5-page preproposal. A “token” computer scientist, or name dropping, won’t fly!

    • Broader Impacts must be robust and credible, not boilerplate!

  • Challenge: Panels are multidisciplinary, highly competitive – you must engage the reviewers and keep them excited about your work!

  • Positive: Great interest in global climate change issues throughout OCI!


Proposal versus preproposal
Proposal versus Preproposal considerations

  • Preparing a Proposal

    • You take lots of long walks.

    • You write the best 15 pages you can, finishing a draft at least several days before the deadline.

    • You do a lot of proofreading, editing, and polishing before submitting the proposal.

    • You can count on ~10 minutes of discussion about your proposal in the NSF panel.

  • Preparing a Preproposal

    • You need to take just as many long walks.

    • You only need to write 5 pages, but you need to engage the reviewers, convince them that your project is worth doing and will break new ground.

    • Convince reviewers that your team is well constituted.

    • Convince reviewers that details of methods and literature survey will follow in the full proposal.

    • You do just as much proofreading, editing, and polishing before submitting the preproposal.

    • You can count on ~5 minutes of discussion in the NSF panel.


Cyberinfrastructure and opp
Cyberinfrastructure and OPP considerations

  • OCI will very likely set the standard for future OPP investments in data management and interoperability, cyber-enabled collaboration, and other requirements for computational resources.

  • Most of the OCI solicitations lend themselves very well to polar concerns. Do consider submitting proposals!

  • There has already been good interest in OCI proposal submission by polar researchers earlier this year. Can we keep it up next year?

  • Polar Researchers: I’m on your side! ([email protected], 703-292-7416)


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