7 what was life like for most women in the 1950s
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7. What was life like for most women in the 1950s?. Changes during WW2. Women had played a huge part in fighting the war on the home front. There were some positive changes School meals were available for children – allowing women to work all day

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7 what was life like for most women in the 1950s

7. What was life like for most women in the 1950s?


Changes during ww2
Changes during WW2

  • Women had played a huge part in fighting the war on the home front.

  • There were some positive changes

    • School meals were available for children – allowing women to work all day

    • 1943 Equal Pay Commission – however this proved in efficient

    • 1945 Butler Education Act – guaranteed all females the right to a secondary education.


The 1950s
The 1950s

  • The cult of domesticity –encouraged the traditional role of women as home-makers, this was encouraged by much commercial advertising.

  • Changes in education – 1944 Education Act- outlawed the sacking of women teachers who were married, while the provision of good-quality education widened women’s horizons. By the early 1960s a third of university undergraduates were women.

  • Wages – between the 1920s and 1970s women earned on average 50% of what men did!


8. How were women discriminated against in the 1960s and early 1970s?9. What factors led to changes in the roles of women?


The f eminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s
The feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s

The slow pace of change in women’s lives after WW2 frustrated many women

A feminist movement to campaign for women's rights and interests emerged.


Discrimination
Discrimination

  • Equal pay – women were paid on average ¾ of the salary paid to a man doing the same job.

  • A deeply held belief that a woman’s job was marriage, home-making and children

  • Action – women held strikes, set up organisations, held rallies, lobbied MPs

    • In 1970 the Equal Pay Act was approved and came into full effect in 1975


Discrimination1
discrimination

Sex DiscriminationAct 1975 – this established the Equal Opportunities Commission – its main duties were to eliminate discrimination, promote equality and keep an eye on the workings of the Equal Pay Act


Women s liberation movement
Women’s Liberation Movement

  • By the end of 1969 there were about 70 ‘women’s lib’ groups in Britain

  • It really got underway in the 1970s

    • Feb 1970 the first Women’s National Conference was held and it was attended by over 500 women. They demanded equal pay, free contraception, abortion on demand and 24hr nurseries.


Big changes
Big changes!

  • The Pill 1961 – gave women more control over their lives – they married and started families later. This increased women’s opportunities in education and employment.

  • Abortion Act 1967 – came into effect 1968. Made abortion legal in the UK.

  • Divorce Reform Act 1969 – allowed divorce on the grounds of adultery, cruelty, desertion for at least 2 years, or by mutual consent after 2 years – or 5 years if only one party wants a divorce


10 how much change had taken place for women by 1975

10. How much change had taken place for women by 1975?


I am as capable of running a company as any man! The Law says I cant be discriminated because I’m a woman!

Reliable contraception and access to abortion mean that we have more choices and control.

The

Modern

Woman

Mothers need reliable childcare

I run the home an look after children.

Men should hold important managerial jobs – I wouldn’t feel comfortable telling a man what to do.

If you do the same work you should get the same money

I was afraid of getting pregnant before I got married and now I'm worried about having too many!

I want a career as well as a marriage and family –why cant we have both – men do!

I would never expect to earn the same as a man

My husband is the wage earner


My husband is the wage earner says I cant be discriminated because I’m a woman!

I run the home an look after children.

The

Modern

Woman

I was afraid of getting pregnant before I got married and now I'm worried about having too many!

Reliable contraception and access to abortion mean that we have more choices and control.

Men should hold important managerial jobs – I wouldn’t feel comfortable telling a man what to do.

I want a career as well as a marriage and family –why cant we have both – men do!

Mothers need reliable childcare

I would never expect to earn the same as a man

I am as capable of running a company as any man! The Law says I cant be discriminated because I’m a woman!

If you do the same work you should get the same money


‘In the period 1950-1975 there was little change in attitudes towards women’ How far do the sources in this paper support this statement?

Sources that disagree

Sources that agree

Reasons for agreeing

Think about sources and own knowledge

Reasons for disagreeing

Think about sources and own knowledge

Use a range of sources

Evaluate the sources: reliability etc, tone, date, language, purpose

Make a decision on how far…


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