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Your exam paper. Intro to Academic Writing. Your course paper. Format: 6 to 10 pages in Times New Roman size 12 (2500 to 4000 words approx.) not including bibliography and illustrations

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your exam paper

Your exam paper

Intro to Academic Writing

your course paper
Your course paper
  • Format: 6 to 10 pages in Times New Roman size 12 (2500 to 4000 words approx.) not including bibliography and illustrations
  • Individual or in groups (groups of 2 have to present 8 to 12 pages, of 3: 10 to 14 pages) OBS: gruppeopgaver SKAL have individuelt hæfting
  • Need to relate to course topics (I will godkende problem formulation in advance)
  • Need to quote relevant bibliography from pensum
  • Proper quotes (see Gauntlett)
the academic genre definition
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study or ”case”
  • of a ”theoretical” problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

the academic genre definition1
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study or ”case”
  • of a ”theoretical” problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

what to write about a problem
What to write about: a problem
  • a lacune / hole / gap in knowledge
  • something not completed
  • an unexplained observation
  • a unfitting / standing out / ”strittende” observation
  • something not analysed categorized
  • something that bothers or tickles
  • opposites / contrasts that still cause discussion
  • something that can and should be argued
  • something fall does not comply with mainstream thinking
  • something that needs (re)evaluation, change, or construction
  • something in need of novel prescriptions / handleforskrifter

(Rienecker 2005 125)

the academic genre definition2
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study or ”case”
  • of a ”theoretical” problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

theories and methods sources
Theories and methods: sources
  • Primary, secondary and tertiary litterature
  • Research papers (usually peer reviewed)
  • Conference papers (often peer reviewed)
  • White papers, technical documents
  • Internet (homepages, google, wikipedia, …)
  • Popular science
  • Magazines, newspapers, leaflets,

You are responsible and accountable for the information you take from sources – be critical and improve your information competencies.

the academic genre definition3
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study or ”case”
  • of a ”theoretical” problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

papers should
Papers should
  • argue
  • discuss
  • evaluate
  • investigate
  • nuance
  • problematize
  • prove
  • provide reasons for / begrunde
  • render probable / sandsynliggøre
  • show

(Rienecker 1999 254)

papers should not
Papers should not
  • agitate
  • confess
  • entertain
  • evangelize / missionere
  • lecture / belære
  • popularize
  • postulate
  • praise
  • review / anmelde
  • talk about / causere
  • teach
  • turn down

(Rienecker 1999 254)

the academic genre definition4
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study
  • of a problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

types of readers
Types of readers

Experts

  • Researchers
  • Developers
  • Fellow students
  • Teachers, examiners

Laymen

  • Educated laymen
  • Laymen
  • Broad public
  • Unknown

Others

  • Customers
the academic genre definition5
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study
  • of a problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

academic ideals
Academic ideals
  • Information should be true or rendered probable
  • reasoning can be followed: method, argumentation, and structure
  • systematic and methodical
  • rest upon, refers and relates to earlier work
  • up-to-date knowledge of earlier work
  • attitude is unprejudiced, honest
  • considers contrasting information and points
  • language is clear and explicit – the reader should not need to interpret the meanings or points

(Rienecker 2000 47)

the academic genre definition6
The Academic Genre: Definition
  • documentation
  • of a study
  • of a problem
  • using the areas’s theories and methods
  • aiming at convincing a colleague
  • about the validity
  • of the results and conclusions of the study/investigation
  • presented in a manner acceptable to the academic discourse community

(Rienecker 2005 21)

acceptable relates to
Acceptable relates to
  • Presentation (language, spelling, grammar, punctuation, …)
  • Formalities (references, footnotes, ….)
  • Format (often specified by publishers, house styles)
  • Contents

The acceptable standards vary in different research communities and research/subject areas.

questions for getting started
Questions for getting started
  • What is your interest based in/on? When did it start?
  • Do you have concrete examples and empirical data?
  • Have you made any observations?
  • Do you want to further any points?
  • What would you like to argue for?
  • Where do you see the most controversial/new/problematic in the topic?
  • How do you connect this to the area and theoretical?
  • On what basis do you want to make your arguments?
  • What is you purpose in addressing this problem?
  • How can working with this problem enhance your competances and toolbox?

(Rienecker 1999 153)

next steps
Next steps
  • Problem formulation and paper focus (1 April)
  • Structuring your papers (8 April)
  • On quotes and writing process (15 April)
  • Status report to writing group (22 April)
  • Present your draft to class and experts (6 Maj)
  • Hand-in date (21 Maj)
academic writing
Academic Writing
  • Materials Compiled by Anker Helms Jørgensen, who teaches our phd students this topic
  • All material comes from:
    • (Blåsjö 2000)Blåsjö, Mona (2000): Uppsatsens yta och djup - Studenters skrivutveckling mellan B- och C-uppsats [Surface and depth of the student essay. Writing development of university students.] TeFa report 33, Dept. of Nordic Languages, Stockholm University.
    • (Booth 1995)Booth, Wayne C., Colomb, Gregory G., and Williams, Joseph M. (1995): The Craft of Research. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    • (Heltberg 1997)Heltberg, Eva and Kock, Christian (red): Skrivehåndbogen [The Writer’s Handbook]. Gyldendal, 1997.
    • (Rienecker 1997)Rienecker, Lotte (1997): Den gode opgave – arbejdsprocesser og kvalitetskriterier i opgaver på humaniora [The Good Essay – work processes and quality criteria in essays in the Humanities]. Gyldendal.
    • (Rienecker 1999)Rienecker, Lotte and Jørgensen, Peter Stray (1999): Opgaveskrivning på videregående uddannelser - en læreRbog [Writing essays in higher education – a Teacher’s handbook]. Frederiksberg, Samfundslitteratur.
    • (Rienecker 2000)Rienecker, Lotte and Jørgensen, Peter Stray (2000): Den gode opgave - opgaveskrivning på videregående uddannelser [The good essay – writing essays in higher education]. 2. udg. Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur.
    • (Rieneceker 2005)Rienecker, Lotte and Jørgensen, Peter Stray (2005): Den gode opgave. Håndbog i opgaveskrivning på videregående uddannelser [The good essay. Handbook in writing essays in higher education]. Samfundslitteratur.
    • (Swales 2000)Swales, John. M and Feak, Christine (2000): English in today’s research world – a writing guide. University of Michigan Press.
    • (Swales 2004)Swales, John M and Feak, Christine B. (2004): Academic Writing for Graduate Students – essential tasks and skills. Univ. Michigan Press. 2nd ed.
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