Standard 8-2 AND 8-3. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes of the American Revolution and the beginnings of the new nation , with an emphasis on South Carolina’s role in the development of that nation . AND
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Standard 8-2 AND 8-3
The student will demonstrate an understanding of the causes of the American Revolution and the beginnings of the new nation, with an emphasis on South Carolina’s role in the development of that nation.
The student will demonstrate an understanding of South Carolina’s role in the development of the new national government.
French and Indian War …..
France lost all land in North America
Spain lost control of FL
Indigo trading was expanded
The relationship with the colonies and England changed….
Britain had a lot of debt to pay off
THE STAMP ACT
2.) harass tax collectors
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
The Townshend Duties
THE TEA ACT
OTHER TAXES AND STUFF……
Meetings, Meetings, Meetings.
1. Elect ppl to go to the 1st Continental Congress ( another BIG TIME MEETING held in September in Philly…)
2.) Establish a “Committee of 99” to govern the colony of SC instead of a Royal Governor.
1st Continental Congress
The 2nd Continental Congress
1. Principals of equality
2. Natural rights of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”
3. The purpose of government to secure rights
4. The right of people to change government when their natural rights are not being protected.
Order of events that lead to the Declaration of Independence….
THE FIGHTING BEGINS…..
2. Continental Army
1. Red Coats
3. Lobster backs
South Carolina Patriots
South Carolina Loyalists
PEOPLE, PLACES, and THINGS in the REVOLUTIONARY WAR
Battles of Charlestown
Battle of Camden
The Battle of Kings Mountain
The Battle of Cowpens
Battle of Etaw Springs
Government DURING and AFTER the war…
South Carolina State Constitution #1
1.) a two-house legislature (the “Lower House” elected by the people, and the “Upper House” elected by the “Lower House”)
2.) The president (who was elecged by legislature) could veto laws.
3.) The Low Country had more representation in government than the back country.
South Carolina Constitution #2
Articles of Confederation
1. Disagreements over trade
2. Disagreements over currency (money)
3. Disagreements over taxes
LOW COUNTRY –vs- UP (BACK) COUNTRY
*both groups suffered economically as a result of the war**
Fixing the differences:
TIME FOR ANOTHER MEETING…….
What was discussed/supported/decided?
1.) chose a strong president of the United States
2.) State representation will be based on population (under the “Virginia Plan”)
3.) Create a 3 branch government that would include a legislative, executive, and judicial branch. (also under the “Virginia Plan”)
4.) Slaves will be counted in population count (3/5 compromise…..slaves only counted as 3.5 of a person
5.) The Federal Government promised it would not tax exports or attempt to control slave trade for at least 20 years. (Commerce Compromise)
Ratification (changing) the Constitution
Basic Principles of American Government
Legislative branch = congress.
Executive branch= president/vice president/ secretaries.
Judicial branch= court systems
Disagreements and Arguments
RESULT= The National government would pay all the states debts IF the nation’s capital was moved to the bank of the Potomac River (Washington D.C.)
RESULT= George Washington sided with the Federalists and signed a bill to create a national bank.
War of 1812