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Discontent. In the Colonies. French & Indian War. 1754-The British & French fought several small battles in North America over their territories. The British vs. the French & Native Americans Also, known as the Seven Year War (1756-1763)

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In the Colonies

French & Indian War

  • 1754-The British & French fought several small battles in North America over their territories.

  • The British vs. the French & Native Americans

  • Also, known as the Seven Year War (1756-1763)

  • Spain joined the side of the French & Native Americans.

  • Great Britain won the war in 1763!

Where does the majority of the French and Indian War take place?

French and Indian War

Questions to Answer:

1. Who fought during the 1600’s and 1700’s for control of North America?

A. France, England, & Spain

2. What area of North America was the French and Indian conflict over?

A. Ohio River and surrounding land in the northeast colonies

A. Help control entire continent

3. Why would this area be important?

French and Indian War

Questions to Answer:

4. Why did the Creek Indians side with the French and the Cherokee with the English?

A. Felt it would benefit their particular group; trust, promises made

5. What was the result of the conflict?

A. Proclamation of 1763 &the Treaty of Paris

The Treaty of Paris of 1763

  • The treaty ended the French & Indian War (Seven Year War)

  • Britain claimed all of North America east of the Mississippi River.

  • Britain claimed Florida from Spain.

  • The British became the dominant empire in North America & the world!

Proclamation of 1763

Questions to Answer:

1. How did it come about?

  • After the war, Great Britain owned most of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River.

  • Britain was worried that Native Americans would continue to attack colonists who moved to the new British land, so the British gov’t said the Native Americans could live there instead of the colonists.

Proclamation of 1763

Questions to Answer:

2. What did the proclamation say?

  • All land west of Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River would be for the Indians.

3. So, then what happened?

  • Settlers were mad because they’d already settled there, so they ignored the proclamation.

  • No money to force settlers to move.

  • Colonists continued conflicts with Native Americans.

  • Colonists ignored Britain’s taxes and rules.

Look at the maps on p. 104-105

How Did This Affect Georgia?

  • Georgia was different from the other colonies in several ways.

Georgia was the youngest colony, had the smallest population, and it had no political structure = It was still ruled and protected by Britain (A.K.A. Royal Colony).

  • It’s original Charter of 1732 had the state extending all the way to present day California!

The Treaty of Paris changed that to the Mississippi River.

So what leads to (causes) revolution?

  • Colonists still wanted more land and to move west.

  • Land companies wanted to get the land to sell.

  • Indians didn’t like being told what to do and where to go.

  • No one kept their promises and England breaks the proclamation and treaty within a few years.

  • Colonists decide they want to self-govern and that King George is taking advantage of them with all the taxes and lack of voice in their government.

Treaty of Augusta

  • In 1763, the 3rd Royal Governor, James Wright of Georgia negotiated with the Creek Indians for more land.

  • This treaty almost tripled the land size of Georgia.

  • Because of the increase in land, almost 50,000 people (non-Native Americans) lived in GA by 1766.

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