The southern colonies
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The Southern Colonies. Miss Bails. I. Geography of the Southern Colonies. Mason-Dixon Line – line between Maryland/Pennsylvania; later line between the North and the South Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

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The Southern Colonies

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The Southern Colonies

Miss Bails


I. Geography of the Southern Colonies

Mason-Dixon Line – line between Maryland/Pennsylvania; later line between the North and the South

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

Warm/humid, long growing season (tobacco/rice) – spurs slavery


II. Virginia Grows

1650: death rate fell, population increased

A. Conflicts with Native Americans

1. Disease/violence shrank Native Americans population

2. 1622/1644: violence; hundreds of colonists killed

3. 1644: Native Americans had to accept English rule


II. Virginia Grows

B. Bacon’s Rebellion

1. 1660s: poor colonists no farmland (tobacco); forced to work for wealthy

2. Farmers move inland, fight Native Americans, governor avoids war because of fur trade

3. 1675: Nathaniel Bacon attacked Native Americans; governor declares them as rebels, Bacon burns down Jamestown

4. Could not stop settling of Native American land


III. Religious Toleration in Maryland

1632: Maryland new colony

Catholics/Protestants both settled; leads to tension

Lord Baltimore, 1649: Act of Toleration (Religious toleration – only for Christians)


IV. Colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia

1663: new charter for Carolina

North grew slowly, small farms for tobacco

South grew fast, sugar, rice – slavery


IV. Colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia

A. Georgia

1. Created to keep Spain out

2. Created for debtors


V. Change in the Southern Colonies

Two distinct ways of life

A. The Tidewater Region

1. Plantations: crops exported profitably to Europe

2. Divided whites/slaves; divided rich/poor


V. Change in the Southern Colonies

B. The Backcountry

1. Cut off from society, isolated farms

2. Backcountry believed governments did not care about them


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