Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data
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LMD1D v1 and v2 Comparison with Phoenix Flight Data. TEC-MTT/2012/3788/In/SL. Prepared by Stéphane Lapensée ESA-ESTEC, TEC-MTT Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk The Netherlands E-mail: [email protected] Tel.:   +31 (0)71.565.8733. Phoenix Landing Site Characteristic.

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LMD1D v1 and v2 Comparison with Phoenix Flight Data

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Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

LMD1D v1 and v2 Comparison with Phoenix Flight Data

TEC-MTT/2012/3788/In/SL

Prepared by Stéphane Lapensée

ESA-ESTEC, TEC-MTTKeplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ NoordwijkThe NetherlandsE-mail: [email protected]:   +31 (0)71.565.8733


Phoenix landing site characteristic

Phoenix Landing Site Characteristic

  • Based on Putzig 2007 thermal inertia maps, at the phoenix landing sites the value varies from 92 to 575

    • This is probably caused by the time/season when the measurements where conducted. The surface ice may be causing large variations.

  • From the TES Albedo Maps, we can find a value of 0.19.

  • Other Reference on thermal inertia maps can be found in the next slide stating an Albedo of 0.21 and a thermal inertia of 250 to 283 for the Phoenix landing site.


Albedo and thermal inertia mapping of landing site

Albedo and Thermal Inertia Mapping of Landing Site

Phoenix Landing Coordinates: 68.218830N 234.250778E,

Landing Mars Solar Longitude (Ls)= 76.6. Mars Spring, May 25th 2008

Albedo = 0.21, Thermal Inertia 250

Ref: Martian High latitude permafrost depth and surface-cover thermal inertia distribution: Josh Bandfield and al., 2008

Ref: RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN REMOTE SENSING DATA AND SURFACE PROPERTIES OF MARS

LANDING SITES. M. P. Golombek and al, 2009


Phoenix mission od measurements

Phoenix Mission OD Measurements

The following slide show the measured OD at the landing site during the mission.

There is an approximation made based on the figure since access to numerical values is not possible.

Greatest uncertainty is at the beginning of the mission, ie Sol 9 varies from 0.5 to 0.7

Access to the numerical measurement values performed at every mission Sol would reduce the uncertainty.


Phoenix landing site optical depth measurements

Phoenix Landing Site Optical Depth Measurements

Ref: PHOENIX AND MRO COORDINATED ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. L. K. Tamppari et al., 2009


Phoenix temperature measurements

Phoenix Temperature Measurements

The Phoenix Lander is approximately 1m off the ground.

The temperature measurements are at 0.25m, 0.5m and 1m from the deck.

Measurements at 0.25 and 0.5m experienced perturbation from the lander deck

For comparison, the measurement performed at 1m is used.

Hence total height is 2m from the ground

There is mismatch of 1m in the comparison between LMD1D v1 and flight data, since LMD1D v1 outputs data at 1m and Phoenix flight data are at 2m

First comparison of LMD1D v2 to flight data was made using a height of 1m in order to have a direct comparison with LMD1D v1.

Following comparison of LMD1D v2 was made at 2m for one to one comparison with flight data.


Estimates of environment parameters tweaked for best fit with output of lmd1d v1

Estimates of Environment Parameters tweaked for best fit with output of LMD1D v1


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Same Environmental Parameter but with comparison between LMD1D v1 and LMD1D v2 at 1m height but with flight data at 2m, SOL 9


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Same Environmental Parameter but with comparison between LMD1D v1 and LMD1D v2 at 1m height but with flight data at 2m, SOL 32


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Same Environmental Parameter but with comparison between LMD1D v1 and LMD1D v2 at 1m height but with flight data at 2m, SOL 119


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Same Environmental Parameter but with comparison between LMD1D v1 and LMD1D v2 at 1m height but with flight data at 2m, SOL 147


Lmd 1d v2 validation using phoenix data

LMD 1D v2 Validation using Phoenix Data

The Flight measurement is estimated to be 2m from the ground. The LMD 1D flux tool input was set to 2m

It was found initially that very low Thermal inertia and high Albedo was necessary to correlate with flight data.

It was recommended to consider water ice at a depth of 5cm with an inertia of 2000.

As observed during the Phoenix Mission, clouds and ground fog appeared mid way in the mission, Sol 60 – Sol 80. Their presence affects the surface Albedo since they remained throughout the day as the mission progressed in time. Hence, it may be necessary to increase the Albedo in order to account for cloud presence.


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Tweaked Environmental Parameter for direct comparison with LMD1D v2 at 2m height and with flight data at 2m, SOL 9 and SOL 32


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Tweaked Environmental Parameter for direct comparison with LMD1D v2 at 2m height and with flight data at 2m, SOL 63 and SOL 84


Lmd1d v1 and v2 comparison with phoenix flight data

Tweaked Environmental Parameter for direct comparison with LMD1D v2 at 2m height and with flight data at 2m, SOL 119 and SOL 147

Note: Sol 119, problem correlating in early morning. Could be caused by instrument heat dissipation since they were doing night and early morning observations


Conclusion

Conclusion

For the comparison between the LMD1D v2 and flight data, the OD values were adjusted but remained within the measurements range taking over several days.

The pressure values were measured with the flight pressure sensor

The version 2 of LMD1D temperature profile fit better to the actual flight measurement.

We can observed from the flight measurement that the lander deck does affect the measurements due to heat generated by the payloads as well as surface finish of the lander deck

The Albedo values used are within the TES measurement error except for Sol 147, which can be explained with the formation of ground fog and clouds. Sol 83 and 119 used a higher Albedo value in order to correlate, which is probably due to Cloud formation.

Thermal inertia values used are comparable to other references as long as sub-surface ice at 5cm is considered in the input parameters.


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