Splash screen
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 66

Splash Screen PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Splash Screen. Introduction Section 1: The Economy Section 2: People and Their Environment Visual Summary. Chapter Menu.

Download Presentation

Splash Screen

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Splash Screen


Section 1:The Economy

Section 2:People and Their Environment

Visual Summary

Chapter Menu

The United States and Canada are among the world’s top economic powers. A study of these nations today will reveal how people make their livings, how their economies are interrelated with each other and with other nations, and how their ways of life impact the environment.

Chapter Intro 1

Section 1:The Economy

The characteristics and distribution of human populations affect physical and human systems.The economies of the United States and Canada have grown and changed according to where and how the citizens of the two countries live.

Chapter Intro 2

Section 2:People and Their Environment

Human actions modify the physical environment.People of the United States and Canada are seeking ways to manage resources, overcome the effects of pollution, and avoid further damage to the environment.

Chapter Intro 3

Chapter Preview-End

The Economy

This section discusses the economic activities, transportation and communications systems, trade relationships, and international role of the United States and Canada today.

Section 1-GTR

The Economy

  • market economy

  • arable

  • monopoly

  • global economy

  • trade deficit

  • tariff

  • trade surplus

  • outsourcing

  • postindustrial

  • central business district

  • retooling

  • commodity

Section 1-GTR

The Economy

  • decline

  • domestic

  • monitoring

Section 1-GTR

The Economy

A.Silicon Valley

B.Manufacturing Belt

C.Wheat Belt

D.Corn Belt

E.Ohio River

F.Trans-Canada Highway

Section 1-GTR




The Economy

The United States and Canada operate under what type of economy?

A.Command economy

B.Market economy

C.Traditional economy

Section 1

Economic Activities

The United States and Canada have market economies based on growing service and high-tech industries, as well as on manufacturing and agriculture.

  • Both the U.S. and Canada are developing post-industrial economies.

Section 1

Economic Activities(cont.)

  • The largest area of economic growth in both places is in service industries:

  • Government

  • Education

  • Health care

  • Banking

  • Manufacturing accounts for about 20% of both the U.S. and Canadian economies.

The Changing U.S. Workplace

Section 1

Economic Activities(cont.)

  • Farming in the U.S. and Canada is overwhelmingly commercial, with agricultural commodities produced for sale.

  • The number of farmers has decreased due to:

  • The high cost of farming

  • Unpredictable consumer demand

  • The risk of natural disasters

  • The time and hard work needed to run a farm

Section 1

Economic Activities(cont.)

  • Key products:

  • Cattle

  • Wheat

  • Corn

Section 1





A significant amount of the region’s manufacturing activities include which type of products?

A.Transportation equipment and machinery

B.Computers and other technological devices

C.Building materials

D.Tools and hardware

Section 1

Transportation and Communications

People in the United States and Canada depend on reliable and continually improving transportation and communications systems.

  • Reliable transportation and communication systems are essential due to:

    • The large land area of both countries

    • Their population distribution

    • Their need to move goods and services

Section 1

Transportation and Communications(cont.)

  • The automobile has been the most popular means of personal transportation since WWII.

  • Problems due to the automobile:

  • Air pollution

  • Traffic congestion

The U.S. Interstate Highway System

Section 1

Transportation and Communications(cont.)

  • Other means of transportation:

  • Air travel

  • Railroads

  • Ships/barges (inland waterways)

  • Trucks

  • Pipelines (gas and oil)

Section 1

Transportation and Communications(cont.)

  • Communication networks:

  • Cellular and digital services

  • Television

  • Radio

  • Newspapers and magazines

Section 1





Which type of transportation is used to move the most goods?





Section 1

Trade and Interdependence

The United States and Canada are connected to other countries through trade and in facing the challenges of global terrorism and building a more peaceful world.

  • The U.S. spends more on imports than it earns from exports, resulting in a trade deficit. However, Canada enjoys a trade surplus.

Section 1

Trade and Interdependence(cont.)

  • In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement was signed (NAFTA), including the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.

  • After September 11, 2001, the U.S. and Canada created the Smart Border action plan to enhance border security.

U.S.- Canadian Interdependence

Section 1





Why does Canada have a trade surplus instead of deficit?

A.Better government management

B.Less tariffs

C.Smaller population


Section 1

Section 1-End

People and Their Environment

This section discusses ecological damage caused by people and industries in the United States and Canada and the efforts being made to better manage resources, stop future pollution, and reduce the effects of current pollution.

Section 2-GTR

People and Their Environment

  • clear-cutting

  • smog

  • eutrophication

  • overfishing

  • acid rain

  • conversion

  • cooperative

Section 2-GTR

People and Their Environment

A.New Orleans

B.Rio Grande


Section 2-GTR




People and Their Environment

Large parts of eastern Canada still suffer from the effects of what brought on by the United States?


B.Acid rain


Section 2

Managing Resources

People in the United States and Canada are evaluating the negative effects of human activity on the environment and realizing the importance of managing natural resources wisely.

  • Ways that the natural resources of the U.S. and Canada have been mismanaged:

    • Clear-cutting

    • Overfishing

Section 2

Managing Resources(cont.)

  • Hunting and driving away wildlife

  • The introduction of non-native plant and animal species to certain areas

  • Destruction of wetlands

Section 2




What environmental issue are you most concerned about?

A.Polluted air

B.Polluted water

C.Polluted land

Section 2

Human Impact

Human-made pollution has damaged the region’s environment in various ways, leading people to actively seek solutions to the problem.

  • Human-made pollution:

    • Acid rain

    • Smog

    • Sewage and industrial/agricultural wastes leaking into water

Section 2

Human Impact (cont.)

  • Reversing the effects of pollution:

  • The U.S. and Canada signed the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement

  • The U.S. passed the Clean Water Act

Energy Benefits and Drawbacks

Section 2




Are there any ways that your community tries to reduce pollution?

A.City ordinances or fines

B.Alternative energies encouraged

C.Construction of greenhomes or businesses

Section 2

Future Challenges

Responding to global warming and developing clean, efficient, renewable energy sources are challenges for the future of the region.

  • The effects of global warming can be seen in the Arctic regions of Alaska and Canada.

  • The U.S. and Canada are working to diversify energy sources to lessen the dependency on fossil fuels.

Section 2





Which of the following factors do you think is most important when deciding on alternative energy sources?





Section 2

Section 2-End

Changing Economies

VS 1

Environmental Crisis?

  • The United States and Canada have mismanaged resources in the past.

  • Pollutants were released into the air that have since caused acid rain, smog, and water pollution.

  • New technologies, alternative energy sources, and stricter environmental standards are some of the ways the United States and Canada are repairing the environment.

VS 2


Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 4

DFS Trans 1

sulfur dioxide gas and water vapor

DFS Trans 2

market economy

an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand



an economy with less emphasis on heavy industry and manufacturing and more emphasis on services and technology


central business district

the traditional business and commercial center of a city or town, sometimes referred to as downtown



converting old factories for use in new industries



goods produced for sale



suitable for growing crops



total control of a type of industry by one person or one company


global economy

the merging of resource management systems in which countries are interconnected and dependent on one another for goods and services


trade deficits

spending more money on imports than earning from exports



a tax on imports or exports


trade surplus

earning more money from export sales than spending for imports



the practice of subcontracting manufacturing work to outside companies, especially foreign or nonunion companies



the removal of all trees in a stand of timber



harvesting fish to the extent that certain species are depleted and the fishing area made less valuable


acid rain

precipitation carrying large amounts of dissolved acids which damages buildings, forests, and crops, and kills wildlife



haze caused by the interaction of ultraviolet solar radiation with chemical fumes from automobile exhausts and other pollution sources



process by which a body of water becomes too rich in dissolved nutrients, leading to plant growth that depletes oxygen


To navigate within this Presentation Plus! product:

Click the Forwardbutton to go to the next slide.

Click the Previousbutton to return to the previous slide.

Click the Return button to return to the main presentation.

Click the Homebutton to return to the Chapter Menu.

Click the Helpbutton to access this screen.

Click the Exit button or press the Escape key [Esc] to end the chapter slide show.

Links to Maps in Motion, static maps and charts, and transparencies appear near the bottom of slides as they are relevant.

Links to the Reference Atlas and Geography Online are located on the navigation bar of most screens.


This slide is intentionally blank.

End of Custom Shows

  • Login