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Splash Screen. Introduction Section 1: The Economy Section 2: People and Their Environment Visual Summary. Chapter Menu.

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Splash screen

Splash Screen


Chapter menu

Introduction

Section 1:The Economy

Section 2:People and Their Environment

Visual Summary

Chapter Menu


Chapter intro 1

The United States and Canada are among the world’s top economic powers. A study of these nations today will reveal how people make their livings, how their economies are interrelated with each other and with other nations, and how their ways of life impact the environment.

Chapter Intro 1


Chapter intro 2

Section 1:The Economy

The characteristics and distribution of human populations affect physical and human systems.The economies of the United States and Canada have grown and changed according to where and how the citizens of the two countries live.

Chapter Intro 2


Chapter intro 3

Section 2:People and Their Environment

Human actions modify the physical environment.People of the United States and Canada are seeking ways to manage resources, overcome the effects of pollution, and avoid further damage to the environment.

Chapter Intro 3


Chapter preview end

Chapter Preview-End


Section 1 gtr

The Economy

This section discusses the economic activities, transportation and communications systems, trade relationships, and international role of the United States and Canada today.

Section 1-GTR


Section 1 gtr1

The Economy

  • market economy

  • arable

  • monopoly

  • global economy

  • trade deficit

  • tariff

  • trade surplus

  • outsourcing

  • postindustrial

  • central business district

  • retooling

  • commodity

Section 1-GTR


Section 1 gtr2

The Economy

  • decline

  • domestic

  • monitoring

Section 1-GTR


Section 1 gtr3

The Economy

A.Silicon Valley

B.Manufacturing Belt

C.Wheat Belt

D.Corn Belt

E.Ohio River

F.Trans-Canada Highway

Section 1-GTR


Section 1

A

B

C

The Economy

The United States and Canada operate under what type of economy?

A.Command economy

B.Market economy

C.Traditional economy

Section 1


Section 11

Economic Activities

The United States and Canada have market economies based on growing service and high-tech industries, as well as on manufacturing and agriculture.

  • Both the U.S. and Canada are developing post-industrial economies.

Section 1


Section 12

Economic Activities(cont.)

  • The largest area of economic growth in both places is in service industries:

  • Government

  • Education

  • Health care

  • Banking

  • Manufacturing accounts for about 20% of both the U.S. and Canadian economies.

The Changing U.S. Workplace

Section 1


Section 13

Economic Activities(cont.)

  • Farming in the U.S. and Canada is overwhelmingly commercial, with agricultural commodities produced for sale.

  • The number of farmers has decreased due to:

  • The high cost of farming

  • Unpredictable consumer demand

  • The risk of natural disasters

  • The time and hard work needed to run a farm

Section 1


Section 14

Economic Activities(cont.)

  • Key products:

  • Cattle

  • Wheat

  • Corn

Section 1


Section 15

A

B

C

D

A significant amount of the region’s manufacturing activities include which type of products?

A.Transportation equipment and machinery

B.Computers and other technological devices

C.Building materials

D.Tools and hardware

Section 1


Section 16

Transportation and Communications

People in the United States and Canada depend on reliable and continually improving transportation and communications systems.

  • Reliable transportation and communication systems are essential due to:

    • The large land area of both countries

    • Their population distribution

    • Their need to move goods and services

Section 1


Section 17

Transportation and Communications(cont.)

  • The automobile has been the most popular means of personal transportation since WWII.

  • Problems due to the automobile:

  • Air pollution

  • Traffic congestion

The U.S. Interstate Highway System

Section 1


Section 18

Transportation and Communications(cont.)

  • Other means of transportation:

  • Air travel

  • Railroads

  • Ships/barges (inland waterways)

  • Trucks

  • Pipelines (gas and oil)

Section 1


Section 19

Transportation and Communications(cont.)

  • Communication networks:

  • Cellular and digital services

  • Television

  • Radio

  • Newspapers and magazines

Section 1


Section 110

A

B

C

D

Which type of transportation is used to move the most goods?

A.Railroads

B.Ships/barges

C.Trucks

D.Airplanes

Section 1


Section 111

Trade and Interdependence

The United States and Canada are connected to other countries through trade and in facing the challenges of global terrorism and building a more peaceful world.

  • The U.S. spends more on imports than it earns from exports, resulting in a trade deficit. However, Canada enjoys a trade surplus.

Section 1


Section 112

Trade and Interdependence(cont.)

  • In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement was signed (NAFTA), including the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.

  • After September 11, 2001, the U.S. and Canada created the Smart Border action plan to enhance border security.

U.S.- Canadian Interdependence

Section 1


Section 113

A

B

C

D

Why does Canada have a trade surplus instead of deficit?

A.Better government management

B.Less tariffs

C.Smaller population

D.Outsourcing

Section 1


Section 1 end

Section 1-End


Section 2 gtr

People and Their Environment

This section discusses ecological damage caused by people and industries in the United States and Canada and the efforts being made to better manage resources, stop future pollution, and reduce the effects of current pollution.

Section 2-GTR


Section 2 gtr1

People and Their Environment

  • clear-cutting

  • smog

  • eutrophication

  • overfishing

  • acid rain

  • conversion

  • cooperative

Section 2-GTR


Section 2 gtr2

People and Their Environment

A.New Orleans

B.Rio Grande

C.Alaska

Section 2-GTR


Section 2

A

B

C

People and Their Environment

Large parts of eastern Canada still suffer from the effects of what brought on by the United States?

A.Smog

B.Acid rain

C.Eutrophication

Section 2


Section 21

Managing Resources

People in the United States and Canada are evaluating the negative effects of human activity on the environment and realizing the importance of managing natural resources wisely.

  • Ways that the natural resources of the U.S. and Canada have been mismanaged:

    • Clear-cutting

    • Overfishing

Section 2


Section 22

Managing Resources(cont.)

  • Hunting and driving away wildlife

  • The introduction of non-native plant and animal species to certain areas

  • Destruction of wetlands

Section 2


Section 23

A

B

C

What environmental issue are you most concerned about?

A.Polluted air

B.Polluted water

C.Polluted land

Section 2


Section 24

Human Impact

Human-made pollution has damaged the region’s environment in various ways, leading people to actively seek solutions to the problem.

  • Human-made pollution:

    • Acid rain

    • Smog

    • Sewage and industrial/agricultural wastes leaking into water

Section 2


Section 25

Human Impact (cont.)

  • Reversing the effects of pollution:

  • The U.S. and Canada signed the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement

  • The U.S. passed the Clean Water Act

Energy Benefits and Drawbacks

Section 2


Section 26

A

B

C

Are there any ways that your community tries to reduce pollution?

A.City ordinances or fines

B.Alternative energies encouraged

C.Construction of greenhomes or businesses

Section 2


Section 27

Future Challenges

Responding to global warming and developing clean, efficient, renewable energy sources are challenges for the future of the region.

  • The effects of global warming can be seen in the Arctic regions of Alaska and Canada.

  • The U.S. and Canada are working to diversify energy sources to lessen the dependency on fossil fuels.

Section 2


Section 28

A

B

C

D

Which of the following factors do you think is most important when deciding on alternative energy sources?

A.Dependability

B.Efficiency

C.Cost

D.Availability

Section 2


Section 2 end

Section 2-End


Splash screen

Changing Economies

VS 1


Splash screen

Environmental Crisis?

  • The United States and Canada have mismanaged resources in the past.

  • Pollutants were released into the air that have since caused acid rain, smog, and water pollution.

  • New technologies, alternative energy sources, and stricter environmental standards are some of the ways the United States and Canada are repairing the environment.

VS 2


Vs end

VS-End


Figure 1

Figure 1


Figure 2

Figure 2


Figure 3

Figure 3


Figure 4

Figure 4


Dfs trans 1

DFS Trans 1


Dfs trans 2

sulfur dioxide gas and water vapor

DFS Trans 2


Vocab1

market economy

an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand

Vocab1


Vocab2

postindustrial

an economy with less emphasis on heavy industry and manufacturing and more emphasis on services and technology

Vocab2


Vocab3

central business district

the traditional business and commercial center of a city or town, sometimes referred to as downtown

Vocab3


Vocab4

retooling

converting old factories for use in new industries

Vocab4


Vocab5

commodity

goods produced for sale

Vocab5


Vocab6

arable

suitable for growing crops

Vocab6


Vocab7

monopoly

total control of a type of industry by one person or one company

Vocab7


Vocab8

global economy

the merging of resource management systems in which countries are interconnected and dependent on one another for goods and services

Vocab8


Vocab9

trade deficits

spending more money on imports than earning from exports

Vocab9


Vocab10

tariff

a tax on imports or exports

Vocab10


Vocab11

trade surplus

earning more money from export sales than spending for imports

Vocab11


Vocab12

outsourcing

the practice of subcontracting manufacturing work to outside companies, especially foreign or nonunion companies

Vocab12


Vocab13

clear-cutting

the removal of all trees in a stand of timber

Vocab13


Vocab14

overfishing

harvesting fish to the extent that certain species are depleted and the fishing area made less valuable

Vocab14


Vocab15

acid rain

precipitation carrying large amounts of dissolved acids which damages buildings, forests, and crops, and kills wildlife

Vocab15


Vocab16

smog

haze caused by the interaction of ultraviolet solar radiation with chemical fumes from automobile exhausts and other pollution sources

Vocab16


Vocab17

eutrophication

process by which a body of water becomes too rich in dissolved nutrients, leading to plant growth that depletes oxygen

Vocab17


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