Slide1 l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 49

The Black Death 1347-1351 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 211 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Black Death 1347-1351. The Culprits. The Disease Cycl e. Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria. . Bacteria multiply in flea’s gut. . Human is infected!. Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound. Flea’s gut clogged with bacteria. The Famine of 1315-1317.

Download Presentation

The Black Death 1347-1351

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The black death 1347 1351 l.jpg

The Black Death1347-1351


Slide3 l.jpg

The Culprits


Slide4 l.jpg

The Disease Cycle

Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria.

Bacteria

multiply in

flea’s gut.

Human is infected!

Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound.

Flea’s gut cloggedwith bacteria.


Slide5 l.jpg

The Famine of 1315-1317

  • 1300: Population crisis

  • Excessive rain produced 3 years of crop failures

  • Peasants, poor urban dwellers suffer most

  • But things get worse . . .


Slide6 l.jpg

Path of the Plague


Slide7 l.jpg

From the Toggenburg Bible, 1411


Slide8 l.jpg

Lancing a Buboe


Slide9 l.jpg

Bring out your dead!


Slide10 l.jpg

The Decameron

The victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors.


Slide12 l.jpg

Attempts to Stop the Plague

Flagellanti:Self-inflicted “penance” for sins


Slide13 l.jpg

Attempts to Stop the Plague

Pograms against the Jews

“Golden Circle” obligatory badge

Identifying hat


Slide14 l.jpg

Art shows Death Triumphant


Slide15 l.jpg

The Mortality Rate

35% - 70% of Europeans died

(depending on where you lived)

25,000,000 dead


Reinventing christianity l.jpg

Reinventing Christianity

  • General Loss of Faith

    • Plague

    • Great Schism (1309-1378)

    • Scholasticism

    • Heretics/reformers


The renaissance l.jpg

The Renaissance

Overview


The renaissance18 l.jpg

The Renaissance

  • Renaissance = “rebirth”

  • Where? N. Italy, post-Plague (1350)

  • What was reborn?

    • Renewed interest in classical learning and legacy of ancient Greece and Rome

      • Deliberate rejection of advances made during the Middle Ages

    • Rebirth of spirit and creativity


Philosophy l.jpg

Scholasticism

Emphasis on reading a source, examining related documents

Primary purpose is to find an answer to a question through a logical process

Emphasis is on finding the one correct answer

Humanism

Individuals should find the truth, don’t wait for it to be handed to you

Humans have a “spark”

Many ways to discover an answer

Rarely just one answer

Philosophy


Economics l.jpg

Manorialism

System of dependence between manor lords and those who work the land

Barter Society

Goods and services are exchanged. No money is exchanged.

Merchant Princes

Extremely wealthy

De Medici: powerful banking family from Florence

Wealth = political power

Money, power create greed and abuse of power

Money Economy

“Commercial Revolution”

1520-1650

Networks of international trade (including the New World)

Winners:Portugal, Spain, England, France

Economics


Politics l.jpg

Feudalism

Reciprocal obligations between the three major groups of Medieval society

City-states in Northern Italy

No strong monarchies

Good: wealthy patrons, interested in civic improvement

Bad: Greed, jealousy amongst wealthy families

Emergence of Nation-States in Northern Europe

State = political entity

Nation = cultural or ethnic entity

United by common language, culture, and values

Politics


The arts l.jpg

Medieval

Stylized, religious themes

Art is created to inform, teach

Stiff, less realistic

Renaissance

Harmony, balance, proportion

Modeled after Classic Greece and Rome

Less emphasis

on strictly religious

themes

Influenced by Humanism

Art is created to delight and please the viewer

The Arts


Renaissance sculpture l.jpg

Renaissance Sculpture


Renaissance paintings l.jpg

Renaissance Paintings


School of athens l.jpg

School of Athens


Birth of venus botticelli l.jpg

Birth of Venus -- Botticelli


Architecture l.jpg

Architecture


Religion l.jpg

Medieval = God Centered

Domination of Catholic Church

People are told what to think about scriptures

Church is seen as the most reliable source of information

Clergy are revered, trusted

Renaissance = Man centered

Individual interpretation of scriptures

Disillusionment

Corruption

Great Schism (Avignon)

Groundwork laid for Protestant Reformation

Reform the Catholic Church

Martin Luther, 1517

Religion


Society l.jpg

Feudalism

System of protection, strict hierarchy

Chivalry

Code of Knighthood

Emphasizes virtues such as honor, bravery, loyalty, humility, and sacrifice

Individualism

Humans possess the ability to think and discover

Society


Why italy l.jpg

Why Italy

  • Latin roots, heritage never completely abandoned

    • Latin = language of law and business

    • Plentiful ruins, reminders of the past

  • Universities

  • France and England: 100 Years War

  • Spain: fighting the Muslims

  • Feudalism had never been strong in Italy


Why italy32 l.jpg

Why Italy?

  • Italian cities = trade

    • Firenze, Pisa, Venezia

    • Wealth = trade and banking

    • Rise of merchant families = support of the arts

    • Strong and numerous elite urban societies


Fall of constantinople 1453 l.jpg

Fall of Constantinople -- 1453

  • Byzantine Emperor outnumbered: 7000 vs. 200,000 Turkish troops

  • Greek scholars move to Italy

  • Brought knowledge of Hebrew

    • Comparison between biblical translations began comparisons in other areas: politics, history, philosophy


Why florence l.jpg

Why Florence?

“Athens of the Renaissance”

  • Art and literature center

  • 1425: population = 60,000

  • Self-governed, independent city-state

    • Strong sense of responsibility to state

  • Strong economy,

    strong government

    -- Banking is important

    industry (no port, like Venice and Genoa)

    -- Gold coin (the Florin)

    common

    Currency of Europe


Role of other cities l.jpg

Role of Other Cities

  • Venice

    • End of Silk Road

    • Outfitted Crusaders

    • Doges = opulence, power


Important people of the renaissance l.jpg

Important PeopleofThe Renaissance


Petrarch l.jpg

Petrarch

  • 1300s

  • Italian poet, writer

  • Wrote in the vernacular

  • “To be able to say how much you love is to love but little”

  • Father of Humanism

    • Traveled widely

    • Collected Latin manuscripts

    • Re-discovered Cicero


A word about cicero l.jpg

A Word about Cicero

  • 106-43 BC

  • Roman statesman, political scientist, philosopher, orator

  • Denounced corrupt government

  • Revered by Humanist scholars

    • Example of l’uomo universale


Pico della mirandola l.jpg

Pico della Mirandola

  • Oration on the Dignity of Man

  • Noble = human quest for knowledge

  • Man is better than animal

    • ability to think = elevated place in the “great chain of being”


Great chain of being l.jpg

Great Chain of Being


Borgia family l.jpg

Borgia Family

  • Alexander VI: nephew of a Pope

  • Cesare Borgia: commander of papal armies, model “prince”

  • Lucretia Borgia: pathetic pawn


Drink drink from the golden cup l.jpg

“Drink, drink from the golden cup . . .”


Savonarola l.jpg

Savonarola

  • Being Christian = being good and virtuous. Avoid excess.

  • Goal: correct the Pope and all abuse

  • Preached that the end of the world was coming (1500)

  • Bonfire of the Vanities

  • Excommunicated, burned as a heretic (1498)


De medici family l.jpg

De Medici Family

  • Cosimo

    • Founder of dynasty

    • Merchant, Banker

  • Lorenzo (The Magnificent)

    • politician, patron

    • Life = golden age of renaissance

    • Ruled Florence indirectly


Adoration of the magi botticelli 1475 l.jpg

Adoration of the Magi– Botticelli, 1475


Catherine de medici l.jpg

Catherine de Medici

  • Great grand-daughter of Lorenzo

  • Wife of Henry II of France

  • Regent for 2 sons, mother of 3 kings of France

    • Political upheaval

    • Machiavellian


  • Login