The Black Death
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The Black Death. 1347 - 1351. The Culprits. The Famine of 1315-1317. Climate changes in Europe produced three years of crop failures between 1315-17 because of excessive rain . Caused many to starve One consequence of starvation & poverty was susceptibility to disease .

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The Black Death

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The Black Death

1347 - 1351


The Culprits


The Famine of 1315-1317

  • Climate changes in Europe produced three years of crop failures between 1315-17 because of excessive rain.

  • Caused many to starve

  • One consequence of starvation & povertywas susceptibility to disease.


1347: Plague Reaches Constantinople!


The Symptoms

Bulbous

Septicemic Form:almost 100% mortality rate.


From the Toggenburg Bible, 1411


The Disease Cycle

Flea drinks rat blood that carries the bacteria.

Bacteria

multiply in

flea’s gut.

Human is infected!

Flea bites human and regurgitates blood into human wound.

Flea’s gut cloggedwith bacteria.

Person to Person transmission of plague is possible via large aerosol droplets (coughing of sneezing)


Medieval Art & the Plague


Medieval Art & the Plague

Bring out your dead!


Medieval Art & the Plague

An obsession with death.


Boccaccio in The Decameron

The victims ate lunch with their friends and dinner with their ancestors.


The Danse Macabre


Attempts to Stop the Plague

“Leeching”

A Doctor’s Robe


Lancing a Buboe


Attempts to Stop the Plague

Flagellanti:Self-inflicted “penance” for our sins!


Attempts to Stop the Plague

Pogramsagainst the Jews

“Golden Circle” obligatory badge

“Jew” hat


Death Triumphant !:A Major Artistic Theme


A Little Macabre Ditty

“A sickly season,” the merchant said,“The town I left was filled with dead,and everywhere these queer red fliescrawled upon the corpses’ eyes,eating them away.”“Fair make you sick,” the merchant said,“They crawled upon the wine and bread.Pale priests with oil and books,bulging eyes and crazy looks,dropping like the flies.”


A Little Macabre Ditty (2)

“I had to laugh,” the merchant said,“The doctors purged, and dosed, and bled;“And proved through solemn disputation“The cause lay in some constellation.“Then they began to die.”“First they sneezed,” the merchant said,“And then they turned the brightest red,Begged for water, then fell back.With bulging eyes and face turned black,they waited for the flies.”


A Little Macabre Ditty (3)

“I came away,” the merchant said,“You can’t do business with the dead.“So I’ve come here to ply my trade.“You’ll find this to be a fine brocade…”

And then hesneezed……….!


The Mortality Rate

35% - 70%

25,000,000 dead !!!


What were thepolitical,economic,and social effectsof the Black Death??


Hundred Years’ War


Hundred Years’ War

  • Fight between France and England over the control of the French Throne, territory and English Channel

  • War lasted from 1337-1453

  • The war started in May 1337 when King Philip VI of France attempted to confiscate the English territories in the duchy of Aquitaine (located in Southwestern France).

  • Early English victories because of better weapons technology (Long Bow)


Joan of Arc

  • Saint Joan of Arc or The Maid of Orléans is considered a national heroine of France and a Catholic saint

  • She led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War which paved the way for the coronation of King Charles VII of France.


Joan of Arc and end of war

  • She was captured by the English and burned at the stake when she was nineteen years old.

  • Hundred Years war ended in July 1453 when the French finally expelled the English from the continent (except for Calais).

  • YouTube - Joan of Arc - Maid of Heaven Trailer with Music


Cause and Effects of the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453))

  • Effects

  • French Monarchs grow stronger.

  • English Parliament gains “power of the purse.”

  • English turn to trading ventures.

  • Castles and knights cannot stand up to cannon and longbow.

  • Monarchs need armies, not feudal vassals.

  • Causes

  • English Ruler want to retain French Lands.

  • French Kings want to extend their power.

  • Both want to control the English Channel.

  • Both want to control trade.

  • Hundred Years’ War

  • England wins battles due to longbow.

  • Joan of Arc leads French Armies.

  • Joan’s execution rallies the French.


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