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Advanced Internet Connectivity in the Americas: AmericasPATH (AMPATH). Florida International University South Florida GigaPOP November 3, 2000 San Antonio, Texas. AMPATH Project Mission. To Serve as the Pathway for Research and Education Networking in the Americas and to the World.

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Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Advanced Internet Connectivityin the Americas:AmericasPATH (AMPATH)

Florida International University

South Florida GigaPOP

November 3, 2000

San Antonio, Texas


Ampath project mission

AMPATHProject Mission

To Serve as the Pathway for Research and Education Networking in the Americas and to the World.


The ampath project

The AMPATH Project

  • The AMPATH project is a collaboration between Florida International University and Global Crossing to interconnect the Research and Education networks in South and Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico and other international countries to Internet2, US and non-US National Research Networks.


Ampath project goals

AMPATH Project Goals

  • To enable participating countries to contribute to the research and development of applications for the advancement of Internet technologies.

  • To extend the Internet2 research and education community for high-performance networking to South and Central America, the Caribbean and Mexico.


More opportunities

More Opportunities

AMPATH can provide connectivity for other US-funded projects in the Service Area. For example:

  • Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Project – Chile

  • The Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research – Brazil

  • Yale Southern Observatory – Argentina


Benefits of ampath

Benefits of AMPATH

  • Provides high-speed connectivity to Internet2, US and non-US NRNs at a very low cost:

    • DS3s to Miami are free (most expensive and challenging part)

    • Costs for circuits to transit networks, engineering and operations are shared among all participants.

  • By working together, everyone will benefit.

  • Scales well as bandwidth requirements grow.

  • Leverages ability to purchase more bandwidth for the Research and Education community.


What does a participating country receive

What does a Participating Country Receive?

  • Each participating country receives a DS3 of capacity to the AMPATH POP in Miami, for three years, at NO COST!

  • Access to the AMPATH network from a designated Global Crossing POP.

  • Transit from Abilene or STAR TAP to US and non-US National Research Networks (NRNs).


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

AMPATH Makes It Feasible!

  • Gemini benefits because the AMPATH project provides cost-effective infrastructure and connectivity

    • FIU operates the AMPATH POP in Miami

    • Partnerships have been established with GC, Lucent, Cisco Systems, and Abilene

    • FIU offers its leadership and expertise to the project


Participant s responsibilities

Participant’s Responsibilities

  • Each participating country is responsible for connecting its R&E networks to a designated Global Crossing POP:

    • Provision Local Loop.

    • Provide required hardware.

  • Establishing connectivity to the AMPATH POP in Miami using ATM or IP.


Ampath s responsibilities

AMPATH’s Responsibilities

  • Coordinate and assist participants in establishing connectivity to AMPATH.

  • Provide 24x7x365 NOC services.

  • Provide leadership and coordination to ensure Participants can reach desired US and non-US NRNs.

  • Broker low-cost transit service to STAR TAP, Abilene or other essential transit networks.


Global crossing s contribution

Global Crossing’s Contribution

  • Global Crossing has very generously agreed to allow Florida International University and participating countries in its Service Area the use of the available capacity of its fiber network to build an international high-performance Research and Education network in the Americas.


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Brazil

$

1,200,000

$

2,916,000

$

4,200,000

Santiago

$

1,200,000

$

2,916,000

$

4,200,000

Buenos Aires

$

1,200,000

$

2,916,000

$

4,200,000

Lima

$

1,200,000

$

2,916,000

$

4,200,000

Cali

$

1,200,000

$

2,916,000

$

4,200,000

Mexico City

$

1,440,000

$

3,499,200

$

5,040,000

Caracas

$

1,200,000

$

2,916,000

$

4,200,000

Panama

$

1,000,080

$

2,430,194

$

3,500,280

READY FOR SERVICE DATES

LIST PRICE DS-3

Lease 1 yr. Price

Lease 3 yr. Price

Lease 5 yr. Price

7/15/00

7/15/00

7/15/00

10/15/00

10/15/00

10/15/00

4/15/01

4/15/01

4/15/01

St. Croix

$

500,004

$

1,215,010

$

1,750,014


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

AMPATH’s Connectors

STAR TAPAS 10764

AbileneAS 1537

CostaRica’sNRN ASN

Mexico’sNRN ASN

Argentina’sNRN ASN

AMPATH’s

ASN

Brazil’sNRN ASN

Peru’sNRN ASN

REUNAChile’s NRNAS 11340

Venezuela’sNRN ASN

Panama’sNRN ASN

PuertoRico’sNRN ASN

Colombia’sNRN ASN

US VI’sNRN ASN

NRN = National Research Network

ASN = Autonomous System Number


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

STAR TAP

Abilene

IP Router

IP Router

LucentCBX-500ATM

Switch

ADM

ADM

ADM

ADM

ADM

AMPATH Network

OC3

DS3

CiscoGSR 12012

Router

OC12

Miami

GC POP X

National Research Network (NRN) or Regional Research Network (RRN) Provider in country X

GC MAC/PAC/SAC

ATM

SDN

University Network in country X


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

STAR TAP

Abilene

IP Router

IP Router

IP Router

IP Router

LucentCBX-500ATM

Switch

ATM

Switch

ATM

Switch

ATM

Switch

ATM

Switch

ADM

ADM

ADM

ADM

ADM

AMPATH Network

OC3

DS3 | OC3

CiscoGSR 12012

Router

OC3

n DS3s

Participating

Country W

n DS3s

Participating

Country X

Miami

DS3

DS3

DS3

DS3

GC POPW

GC POPX

DS3

DS3

GC MAC/PAC/SAC

GC POPY

GC POPZ

DS3

DS3

Participating

Country Z

Participating

Country Y

DS3

DS3

DS3

DS3


Capacity examples

Capacity Examples

  • Lease

  • International Private Line (IPL):

    • DS-3(45 Mbps)

    • STM-1(155 Mbps)

    • STM-4(622 Mbps)

    • STM-16(2.5 Gbps)

    • STM-64(10 Gbps/Wavelength)

  • IRU – Indefeasible

    Right of Usage (15

    years)

  • Collocation/Telehousing

  • IP Transit (From selected locations)


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

FIU:

Gigapop for SE Florida& Latin America

FIU


March 8 2000 meeting in miami

March 8, 2000Meeting in Miami

  • FIU and Global Crossing announced the AMPATH project to representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Venezuela, and US Virgin Islands.

  • Participating in the meeting and supporting the AMPATH project were UCAID, STAR TAP and Canarie.


Global crossing ampath partners september 1 2000

Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Columbia

Mexico

Panama

Peru

US Virgin Islands

Venezuela

Puerto Rico

Global Crossing /AMPATH PartnersSeptember 1, 2000


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Project Goal

  • Establish a high-speed connection from the La Serena base station, Chile, to US National Research Networks (NRNs) and non-US NRNs.

    • Florida International University (FIU) proposes to connect the La Serena base station to Miami, Florida, where connectivity to US and non-US NRNs is available using Internet2’s Abilene network.

    • Provide end-to-end high-speed connectivity between Gemini North and Gemini South.

    • FIU is in a unique position in being able to achieve this goal, because of its leadership role in the AMPATH project.


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Island of HawaiiGemini North

U of Hawaii, Oahu

Internet2

(Abilene)

Gemini SouthLa Serena

STAR TAP

Chicago

DS3

DS3

GC’s POP

in Santiago

AMPATH POP

Miami

Gemini Connections to AMPATH

DS3

DS3

GC’s Terrestrial and

Submarine Network


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

How We Make It So…

  • Establish a DS-3 connection between Miami and Santiago using Global Crossing’s submarine and terrestrial network

  • Connect the Gemini, CTIO and SOAR networks to the AMPATH POP in Miami

  • Using Internet2’s Abilene network for transit, provide connectivity to US & Non-US NRNs


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

AC-1

AC-2

US Crossing

PEC

PEC

GAL

PC-1

MAC

EAC

PAC

SAC


Nap of the americas llc

NAP of the Americas LLC


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

What is the NAP of the Americas?

  • Consensus Point of Interconnect For Majority of Carriers, Non-Carriers, ISPs and End Users

  • Offers Both Public and Private Peering

  • Stimulates Internet Economy and Extended Digital Campus in South Florida and Beyond

  • Evolves the Internet Beyond the current NAPs and MAEs

  • Acts as a global gateway to Latin America, Africa and Southern Europe

  • Provides Open Model for All Players to Gain Internet Access with

    • Good Price Points

    • Excellent Performance


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Value Proposition for the NAP of the Americas

100,000-200,000 s.f.

Building

A NAP is the catalyst for building the extended Internet community

NAP

1.5 Million s.f.

Extended Metro Campus

CO-LOCATION

Regional & Global

Markets

INTERNET COMMUNITY

Major Fiber Routes & Cables


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

PUBLIC PEERING

OPERATIONS & ADMINISTRATION

MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL AND PLUMBING

Basic Version of the NAP

VIRTUAL & PRIVATE PEERING

  • Access for Larger Community

  • Carrier Neutral

  • Single Operator with Consortium Rules

  • Route Arbitration or Transit

  • Bring your own or part of the service

    • Equipment

    • Entrance Facilities

    • Racks/Cages

    • Connections (Layer 1, 2 or 3)

  • Negotiateown Peering Agreements

  • Network Operations Center (NOC)

  • Security Control

  • Smart Hands

  • Environmental SupportSystems

50,000 sf

20,000 sf

30,000 sf

TOTAL: 100,000 sf


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

PUBLIC PEERING

VIRTUAL & PRIVATE PEERING

OPERATIONS & ADMINISTRATION

MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL AND PLUMBING

Enhanced Version of the NAP

CO-LOCATION

  • Sold as square foot or Racks

  • Types of uses may include:

    • Data Centers or Web Hosting

    • Caching Services

  • Application Service Providers or E-Commerce

  • Education and Research

Same as Basic

Same as Basic

Same as Basic

Same as Basic

50,000 sf

80,000 sf

30,000 sf

40,000 sf

TOTAL: 200,000 sf


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Infrastructure Criteria(Sites & Buildings)


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

What are the Important Criteria for Site Selection?

  • Proximity to Fiber Routes

  • Proximity to Carrier Location

  • MinimumTwo Power Grids

  • On-site or EnclosedParking

  • Post war structure

  • Industrial Zoning

  • Accessibility to Site

  • Void of Neighborhood Restrictions

  • Federal, State, Local Development Zones

  • Expandable

  • Above Flood Plain

  • Void of Hazardous Materials

  • Fuel Storage Available

  • Site Lines to Major Telecom Hubs

  • Secure Area

  • Unrestricted Air Rights


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Possible Sites in Extended Miami Area

Boca Raton

Downtown Miami

West Dade


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Boca Raton

Commercial

Development

Tech Region

Palm Beach

Int’l. Airport

20Miles

Pros

Land Available

For Development

  • Major Fiber Routes available

  • Proximity to Executive Airport

  • International Cable landings nearby

BellSouth

‘Boca Tecca’ C.O.

Int’l. Carrier

POP

  • Desirable Environment

  • Growing “Dot Com” Market

  • Redundant Power Grids

Fiber Backbone

CSX ROW

Major Fiber

Backbone

Lynne Univ.

Multiple Power

Substations

Int’l. Cable

Landing

Cons

Florida Atlantic

Univ.

  • Distance from Int’l. Airport

  • Lack of Federal, State or Local

  • Development Zones

Surrounding

Residential

Communities

Boca Raton

Executive Airport

Int’l. Carrier

POP

BellSouth Boca

Main C.O.

Ft. Lauderdale

Int’l. Airport

20 Miles

Int’l. Cable

Landing


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

  • Pros

  • International Airport nearby

  • Land available for development

  • Desirable environment

Multiple Power

Substations

Limited “Dot Comm”

Presence

Land Available for

Development

BellSouth

Palmetto CO

Miami Int’l.

Airport

  • Cons

  • Limited Major Fiber Routes

  • Limited “Dot Com” presence

  • No Federal, State, or Local

  • Development Zones

  • Far from International Cabling

  • Landing

Major Fiber

Backbone - FEC

Florida Int’l.

Univ.

West Dade


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

International

Cable Landing

Major Fiber Backbones

on Railroad

MIA

7 Miles Away

BellSouth Grande

C.O.

Miami-Dade Community College

Federal/State/Local

Development Zones

Multiple Carrier

POPs

International

Cable Landing

University of Miami

Downtown Miami

  • Pros

  • Major Fiber Routes nearby

  • Carrier POPs nearby

  • International Cable Landing nearby

  • Federal, State and Local Development

  • Zones Available

  • Multiple Power Grids available

  • Cons

  • Distance from International Airport

  • Limited Dot Com presence


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

NAP Policy

Public Peering Area

Private Peering Area

  • Transit from Carriers

  • Route Arbitration Favors

  • Least Cost Routes - controls prices

  • User Fees based on Usage ($/Terrabit)

  • Open Mode

  • Carrier Neutral

  • Bring Your Own Equipment & Facilities

  • Flexible but Secure

  • Peering Negotiated byIndividual Parties

  • NAP Access Charges

  • Building Entry

  • Cross Connect

  • Port/Speed Type

  • Space & Power

  • Operations Charges

Virtual Private Peering Area

Co-location Area

  • Same as Private Peering Minus

  • Equipment Co-location

  • Secure

  • Caged or Open Racks

  • Sold By Square Foot or Rack Wholesale Space

  • Virtual Circuits to NAP for

  • Peering


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

NAP Services

Public Peering Area

Private Peering Area

  • Core Management

  • Element Management

  • Service Accounting

  • Service Level

  • Management

  • Smart Hands

  • Core Management

  • Smart Hands

Co-location Area

Virtual Private Peering Area

Legend

  • Core Management

  • Element Management

  • Service Level

  • Management

  • Smart Hands

  • A la carte Suite of Services

REQUIRED

OPTIONAL


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Core Management Options for the NAP

  • Layer 2 Technology

  • ATM

  • Ethernet

  • Layer 3 Technology

  • IP

  • Advantages

  • Less Expensive

  • Less Complex

  • Virtual LAN Security

  • Higher Port Density

  • Greater Participant Control

  • Scalability

Advantages

  • More Management Visibility

  • OC-192 Today

  • Better Statistics

  • Ability to Implement Firewall


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Building It Together


Next generation network

NEXTGENERATIONNETWORK


Advanced internet connectivity in the americas americaspath ampath

Penn State

U of Maryland

ATDNET

Naval Research Lab

Mid Atlantic Crossroads (MAX)

Chapel Hill

Duke

NCMC

NC State

RTP

East Coast Optical Network

ECONET

U Miami

FIU


Partnership

Partnership


The capacity to provide research and education to the world

THE CAPACITY TO PROVIDE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION TO THE WORLD


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