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PIRATES. History and Myth. Real Pirate History. Pirates existed in 1200 BC – Greek Empire Pirates came from all over - Europe, Africa, Asia, and (later in time) the Americas Pirates had many names: Seafaring Thieves, Corsairs, Privateers, Buccaneers, Wokou, etc.

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PIRATES

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PIRATES

History and Myth


Real Pirate History

  • Pirates existed in 1200 BC – Greek Empire

  • Pirates came from all over - Europe, Africa, Asia, and (later in time) the Americas

  • Pirates had many names: Seafaring Thieves, Corsairs, Privateers, Buccaneers, Wokou, etc.

  • Pirates would steal anything (not just gold)

  • Pirates were criminals and most of them died young either in battle or from horrible diseases

  • 17th and 18th centuries were the “Golden Age”


How do Pirates fit in with the Colonial Period?

  • Golden Age 1690-1725

  • More sea travel with colonies

  • Trading- ships with more valuable cargo to plunder

  • Pirates use Caribbean as a place of refuge

  • Europe sent sea robbers to plunder ships of colonial rivals

  • When colonial policies change buccaneers don’t have an income and become illegal pirates

  • America paid tributes to pirates

  • Blackbeard raided along the coast of the southern colonies

  • Pirates and rumors of pirates haunted the southern coast

  • In March 1719 13 pirates were hung in Williamsburg


Pirate Maps


More Than Just a Flag

  • There are dozens of different pirate flags

  • Each different flag has a special meaning

  • Pirates sometimes didn’t use their flags or used other nations’ flags to deceive their prey

  • Flags could serve as a warning or as an invitation


Pirate Flags


Pirate Ships


Life at Sea


Water Wars

  • Most pirates were so intimidating that the merchant ships wouldn’t put up a fight

  • In the East (Asia) Pirates had whole fleets of ships that fought against each other

  • In the West (Europe) Pirates would pick off their prey one by one

  • Pirates had their own rules of engagement, but would break them frequently


Pirate Ships in Battle


Superstitious Pirates

  • Sailors in general are usually superstitious, pirates are even worse (paranoia?)

  • Believed in ghosts and spirits

  • Would keep items they thought to be lucky

  • Everything had a meaning: bells, colors of the sunset & sunrise

  • Women on board a ship was thought to be bad luck (but not always)


Women on Board a Ship


Some Real Famous Pirates

  • Eustance the Monk – 1170-1217

  • “Blackbeard” (Edward Teach) – 1680-1718

  • “Calico” Jack (Rackham) – ? – 1720

  • Mary Read – 1690-1726

  • Anne Boony – 1697-?

  • John Paul Jones – 1747-1792

  • Rock Braziliano – 1635-1671

  • Sir Francis Drake – 16th century

  • Francis L’Ollonais – 1635-1668

  • Alvida - 6th century

  • Madame Ching – 1785-1844

  • Barbarossa Brothers – 16th century

  • ZhengZhilong – 1604-1661


Pirate Timeline


Pirate Myths

Literature

  • Captain Sharkley

  • Peter Pan

  • Treasure Island

    Movies

  • Swiss Family Robinson

  • Pirates of Penzance

  • The Princess Bride

  • Hook

  • Treasure Planet

  • Pirates of the Caribbean


Captain Hook


Pirate Lingo

  • Ahoy! - "Hello!"

  • Avast! - Stop and give attention. It can be used in a sense of surprise, "Whoa! Get a load of that!" which today makes it more of a "Check it out" or "No way!" or "Get off!"

  • Aye! - "Why yes, I agree most heartily with everything you just said or did."

  • Aye aye! - "I'll get right on that sir, as soon as my break is over."

  • Arrr! - This one is often confused with arrrgh, which is of course the sound you make when you sit on a belaying pin. "Arrr!" can mean, variously, "yes," "I agree," "I'm happy," "My team is going to win it all," "I saw that television show, it sucked!" and "That was a clever remark you or I just made." And those are just a few of the myriad possibilities of Arrr!


Pirate: Good or Bad?


Modern Day Pirates


You be the Pirate

  • Choose a pirate name

  • Design a pirate flag

  • Create a short background story

  • Be ready to share your own pirate history

  • Share which colonial city you would raid and why


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