Pirates!!!. A Brief H istory. What do you know about pirates?. Did pirates have parrots? Sure. Monkeys were popular, too! Did pirates have peg legs and hooks? Yes, many lost limbs, but few had hooks . Did pirates “ grapple ” and swing from boat to boat?
A Brief History
Pirates are evil thieves, murderers, liars, kidnappers, rapists, terrorists, and torture experts
There is no such thing as a “good pirate.”
PIRATE MYTHS? (video)
Practical and common plunder:
Food and water supplies
Cloth for sails and markets
Spare parts and pieces for the ship (masts, ropes, lumber, etc.)
Slaves (to be sold or used)
Reales or Pesos:
Silver Spanish coins
The “eight reales” coin became known as “pieces of eight”
Gold Spanish coins
The “eight escudo” coin became known as “doubloon”
Gold or silver cast into a bar
Treasure recovered by Barry Clifford from “Black Sam” Bellamy’s Whydah
Pirate or Privateer?
Privateer:Has a legal commission from a government to attack and seize cargo from enemy vessels or villages
Pirate: Illegal criminals who attacked and plundered any vessel or costal village
Boucaner: French term for process of curing strips of meat over a barbeque
Buccaneers were thugs, outlaws, and hunters of wild oxen and pig on Hispaniola
Eventually left island after food shortages and being pushed out by authorities: took to the seas
Term for pirates in Caribbean region
Pirates in the Mediterranean and European areas
Edward Hamlin (crime unknown, date unknown) suffered flogging plus being fettered for 8 days to the deck of the ship
Richard Baker (1734) became ill on Europa and became too weak to work on deck. The captain forced him to spend four hours at the helm, then a whipping, and 90 minutes of being tied to the mizzen mast. He died a few days later.
“I could wish that Masters of vessels would not use their men with so much severity, as so many of them do, which exposes us to great temptations.” John Archer, 1724, before his execution.
“It was such dogs as he that put men on pyrating.” John Phillips, 1722, at the trial of the crew of Bartholomew Roberts, regarding former officers known to starve the men.
(Info taken from Cordingly, Under the Black Flag)
Typical skull and cross bones flown by Edward England
Arm and sword flown by Edmund Cook, Thomas Tew, Christopher Moody
More Pirate Flags
Henry Avrey’s flags
One of Christopher Moody’s flags
Edward Low’s Flag
More Pirate Flags
Devil skeleton toasting while stabbing a heart
Calico Jack’s flag
Notice the resemblance between this flag and the flag from Pirates of the Caribbean
Even more Pirate Flags!
Two of Bartholomew Robert’s flags
The two skulls represent two Caribbean island that fought against Roberts
Pirates were democratic!
PIRATES RARELY BURIED THEIR TREASURE!
Spent their money on drinks and prostitutes.
Some hoarded their shares to live the good life, but…
Most wasted it!
There are three recorded examples of buried treasure:
Sir Francis Drake
“Black Sam” Bellamy
Close to $400 million retrieved (modern value) from the wrecked Whydah
Capture more than 20 ships in pirate career
After his fall, £2,500 total, including the sale of his sloop, collected
Artist conception of “Black Sam” Bellamy
Invented persona of “Blackbeard” to scare people
Had 14 wives and 40 kids
Buried massive treasures
Grew beard and tied it with bright ribbons to aid in persona
Burned rope sticking from hat to look fearsome
Chased down a British navel ship!
Buried treasure at the Isles of Shoals
---Edward Teach---Edward Thatch---
---Edward Drummond---Edward Tach---
Left her husband for pirate John Rackham (“Calico Jack”)
Had a child with him
Raised as a boy, fought in land armies and on ships
Joined with Anne and Calico Jack after her ship was captured
Both sailed and fought dressed as men
William was captured, the rest of the crew wanted to surrender, but Anne and Mary urged them to fight
Both found guilty of piracy
Both escaped hanging because of pregnancy
Mary Read died of fever in prison
Anne Bonny’s and her child’s fate are unknown
Princes Alwilda (400ad)
She didn’t want to marry Prince Alf of Denmark
She dressed as a man and stole a boat with some friends
When Prince Alf captured her, he also captured her heart!
Grace O’Malley 1500ad
Cut her hair short for sailing
After her husband died, “Granuaille” took control of her family’s fleet
“Grany Imallye” eventually arrested
Befriended Queen Elizabeth I who let her go
Mrs. Cheng (Early 1800’s)
Perhaps the most successful pirates ever!
Nearly 1,000 ships in her fleet!
Harsh and cruel: stiff punishments, no mercy to victims
China forced to hire ships from Europe to help stop her
Secured a treaty: pirates walk away with plunder but turn in boats and weapons
More than 17,000 pirates in her force
Most pirates did not have families
Henry Avery had a wife and two kids
William Kidd had a wife and two “Kidds”
Blackbeard had 14 wives—maybe.
Most pirates did not have time or were more interested in “other” women
Considered bad luck to have women on board.
There were anywhere from 30-200 male pirates on a ship (depending on size).
The Black Pirate, 1926Captain Blood, 1935Fire over England, 1937The Sea Hawk, 1940The Black Swan, 1942Captain Kidd, 1945Treasure Island, 1950Captain Horatio Hornblower, 1951The Last of the Buccaneers, 1951 The Crimson Pirate, 1952Blackbeard the Pirate, 1952
Errol Flynn as Captain Blood
Against All Flags, 1952Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd, 1952Morgan the Pirate, 1961Pirates of Tortuga, 1961The King’s Pirate, 1967Swashbuckler, 1976Nate and Hayes, 1983The Princess Bride, 1987 Magic Island, 1995
Cutthroat Island, 1995Muppet Treasure Island, 1996Pirates of the Caribbean (Trilogy)