Africa. Modernity and the World. Up until the late 1800s, there were just a few European colonies on the African coastline. No Europeans had really explored the interior of what they called the “Dark Continent”.
Modernity and the World
Up until the late 1800s, there were just a few European colonies on the African coastline. No Europeans had really explored the interior of what they called the “Dark Continent”.
In the early 1880s, King Leopold II of Belgium paid for expeditions to the theCongo in the center of the African continent.
He claimed that, “millions of men still plunged in barbarismwill be at the dawn of a better era.”
But he really wanted the Congo’s natural resources: copper, rubber and ivory. He forced the locals to work for almost nothing and had them killed and tortured if they complained or disobeyed.
Remember “The White Man’s Burden”???
Which one do you think is more accurate?
Many Africans gave up traditional agriculture to work for European companies. Some worked on rubber plantations or in copper mines. Others built railroads to bring these natural resources to ports, where they could be shipped to Europe and used in factories.
What impact would these changes in African employment patterns have on African ability to resist or challenge modernity?
Europeans: Carving up a Continent
Who is missing from this picture???
Opening of the Suez Canal (1869): What purpose did it serve?
Berlin Conference (1884):
Context: remember the status quo?
What were Bismark's concerns re: imperialism? (pg 304)
Purpose of the Berlin Conference?
European countries decided they could claim African colonies just by setting up government offices in African territory.
This set off a Great Scramble as Europeans rushed to colonize Africa.
“We have been engaged in drawing lines upon maps where no white man’s foot has ever trod.
We have been giving away mountains and rivers and lakes to each other, only hindered by the small impediment that we never knew exactly where the mountains and rivers were.”
By 1914, there were only two independent countries left in all of Africa.
What new countries were growing empires?
“We do not want to put anyone in the shade, but we also demand our place in the sun” –Germany
Where do these lines come from???
African Resistance 1?
“I have listened to your words but can find no reason why I should obey you – I would rather die first… If you desire friendship, then I am ready for it, today and always. But I cannot be your subject. If you desire war, then I am ready.” -Chief Machemba (1890)
What do you think happened?