Mosquito control and west nile virus surveillance in michigan
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Mosquito control and west nile virus surveillance in michigan. Bill Stanuszek Mary McCarry MMCA. Types of Mosquito control in Michigan. History of mosquito control and Threats to Public health. West nile virus transmission. Amplification Cycle. Dead End Hosts. Bridge Vector.

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Mosquito control and west nile virus surveillance in michigan

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Mosquito control and west nile virus surveillance in michigan

Bill Stanuszek

Mary McCarry


Types of Mosquito control in Michigan

History of mosquito control and Threats to Public health

West nile virus transmission



Dead End Hosts

Bridge Vector

Life cycle

Culex habitats

Which mosquitoes to target

When to control mosquitoes

Types of WNV surveillance

Mosquito and Bird surveillance

Human surveillance

  • Epidemiologists at CDC, state health agencies, and local health agencies work cooperatively to monitor mosquito-borne illnesses

    • Receiving and recording reports of illness

    • Confirming diagnoses

    • Interviewing doctors and patients to determine the timing, geographic location and conditions of infection

    • Analyzing data

  • If human cases are reported, it is TOO LATE for mosquito surveillance and the response becomes reactionary versus precautionary

Aspects of wnv surveillance in mosquito control district

Public education



Response to wnv activity


Michigan community mosquito surveillance project 2014

A summary of MDCH and local health department efforts


Kent county story - 2013

  • MDCH hopes to bring back WNV surveillance

  • Reach beyond what mosquito districts are doing

  • In 2013, KCHD discovers traps and gets calls about floodwater mosquitoes

  • Mosquito surveillance back on their radar

  • With KC’s history of WNV and 45 human cases in 2012, surveillance reinstituted

  • 9 test sites – 4 employees and 5 residents

  • Mosquito ID course

  • WNV + mosquito pool

  • Press release with city of Grand Rapids

  • Treat all catch basins – 1 mile radius of + sample

West Nile virus incidence in Michigan

  • Responsible for 1,133 reported human illnesses and 92 deaths in Michigan since 2002

  • Majority of WNV cases are associated with urban areas in the Detroit Metro and Grand Rapids Metro areas

  • Mosquito surveillance for arboviruses in these regions is historically limited or not present

  • Most surveillance occurs in Saginaw Valley where millage-based mosquito control districts are located

  • More widespread surveillance would be beneficial

WNV Cases in Michigan

63% of Michigan Population

92% of reported WNV

45% of Michigan Population

86% of reported WNV

West Nile Virus Incidence in Michigan’s 10 Largest Counties: 2002-2013

WNV Geography in MI: 2002-2012

Project Goal: Increase Mosquito Surveillance for WNV in Michigan’s High-Risk Communities

  • Provide for timely, low-cost, non-labor intensive surveillance program to detect WNV activity at the community level

  • Program to provide “actionable” information

    • Community outreach

    • Increased surveillance

    • Mosquito treatment

  • May provide training, expertise, and experience for future surveillance needs (emerging vector-borne diseases)

CDC Light Trap

MDCH-Specific Goals

Mosquito Surveillance Objectives

Mosquito surveillance has the potential to provide early detection of arbovirus activity, and can be used to guide intervention strategies that ultimately reduce human risk for infection

  • To define the demographic, temporal, and geographic distribution of WNV

  • To detect outbreaks or new arboviruses

  • To guide or evaluate disease control strategies

  • Infection rates in mosquito pools have predictive value for human outbreaks

  • To facilitate planning

New Jersey Light Trap

MDCH Supplied to LHD’s

  • VectorTestkits

    • 100 tests/county to start, additional if funds available

  • Mosquito traps if not already available at LHD

  • Training session for staff

    • Mosquito sorting and ID

    • Use of VectorTest kits

    • Trap operation and placement

  • Electronic file for collection/transmission of mosquito testing data to MDCH

  • GIS mapping support to counties

CDC Trap

Gravid Trap


Early Results

  • Good community relations and outreach

  • Positive mosquito pools were identified in Kent(2/69), Wayne (1/125), and Macomb counties (1/61)

    • Resulted in multiple press releases educating the public regarding West Nile virus prevention

    • Kent Co. instituted larval mosquito control in areas with positive mosquitoes identified

  • To date, only two WNV human cases has been reported in Michigan (Kent Co. and Cass Co.)

  • Funding likely available to continue and expand the project in 2015


  • Erik Foster, Epidemiologist, Division of Communicable Disease, Michigan Department of Community Health

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