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Seven Years’ War. French & Indian War. NA before King William’s & Queen Anne’s Wars. France vs Great Britain. Britain & France fought one another with Indian allies from 1689 – 1713. These colonial wars were part of a bigger conflict b/w France, GB & Spain for trading rights

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seven years war

Seven Years’ War

French & Indian War

france vs great britain
France vs Great Britain
  • Britain & France fought one another with Indian allies from 1689 – 1713.
    • These colonial wars were part of a bigger conflict b/w France, GB & Spain for trading rights
  • GB’s victory in 1713, will give them control of northern Canada, Nova Scotia (Acadia) & Newfoundland
    • 40 years later will cause the migration of Acadians ‘cajuns’ to French held Louisiana
    • Est. a 50 year period of salutary neglect by GB of its American colonies
      • GB will not need to enforce Navigation Acts
slide6

King George’s War (1744-48)

      • Small part of the conflict in Europe known as the War of Austrian Succession
      • Peace treaty in 1748 forced colonists to give back capture French forts along the St. Lawrence River
  • French & Indian War
    • Began in NA, but spread to Europe, Africa & the Philippines (Seven Years’ War)
    • British colonists wanted to expand into the Ohio Valley, but France needed to control this area to link Canada to the Mississippi Valley
    • 1754 Albany Congress set up a plan of union to help defend the colonies against Indian/French attacks
slide8

Indian territories, 1754

Iroquois Confederacy –Mohawk, Oneida, Seneca, Cayuga (GB allies)

Huron, Algonquin (French Allies )

treaty of paris 1763
Treaty of Paris (1763)
  • ‘In a sense, the history of the United States began with the fall of Quebec and Montreal: the infant republic was cradled on the Plains of Abraham’
  • Aftermath of F&I War
    • France gave control of lands east of the Mississippi & Canada to GB
      • Iroquois & other interior tribes lost the ability to play rival European nations off each other
    • Pontiac’s War –Ottawa chief led tribes against British settlers in Detroit, killing more than 2,000
    • British retaliated with inflicting smallpox on Indians
      • War led GB to est. the Proclamation Line, banning settlement west in order to work out potential conflicts w/ Indians west of the Appalachians
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