Whitehead s metaphysics nihilism and existentialism
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Whitehead’s Metaphysics, Nihilism and Existentialism. Grendel Chapters 5 and 6. Metaphysics. Concerned with being and the world Ontology-the categories of being and how they relate to each other Cosmology-the study of the universe – its nature, origin, dynamics, structure. Whitehead.

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Whitehead’s Metaphysics, Nihilism and Existentialism

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Whitehead s metaphysics nihilism and existentialism

Whitehead’s Metaphysics, Nihilism and Existentialism

Grendel

Chapters 5 and 6


Metaphysics

Metaphysics

  • Concerned with being and the world

  • Ontology-the categories of being and how they relate to each other

  • Cosmology-the study of the universe – its nature, origin, dynamics, structure


Whitehead

Whitehead

  • Alfred North Whitehead-(1861-1947) mathematician/philosopher

    • brought new attention to metaphysics

  • We apply meaning – the “thing” does not

  • “fallacy of misplaced concreteness”-the “real” things are merely abstractions

    • All things change by the second/all things have experience


Nihilism

Nihilism

  • Life has no meaning – it’s almost a cruel joke

  • Nothing matters because the world and people have…

    • No purpose

    • No truth

    • No value


Nietzsche

Nietzsche

  • Friedrich Nietzsche – (1844-1900) German academic with a fantastic mustache

  • Most famous nihilist

  • “God is dead”

  • Negative connotations when everything is negated

  • Saw Christianity as nihilistic because it focuses on an after-life


The dragon

The Dragon

  • Negates The Shaper’s stories

  • Omniscient – all-knowing

  • Gives Grendel purpose, though he clearly views people’s understanding of the universe as flawed, in that they have no purpose.

  • Materialistic/nihilistic – echoes Nietzsche’s position that God is dead


Existentialism

Existentialism

  • Existence precedes essence

    • An individual acts alone

    • Is not influenced by societal labels, stereotypes, etc.

    • Creates his/her own essence

    • Free will… to an extent


Existentialism1

Existentialism

  • Life has no meaning … the individual gives it meaning

  • Related to nihilism, but more positive (to me)

  • The Absurd: anything can happen to anyone

  • Facticity: giving meaning to facts of one’s life… letting those facts define him

  • Authenticity, Despair, Angst


Jean paul sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre

  • First person to call himself an “existentialist”

  • We are “condemned to be free”

  • “human nature” isn’t a thing – we are responsible

  • Being and Nothingness


Chapter 6

Chapter 6


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