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In 1492 Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue. The Age of Exploration. Who Really Discovered America?. Possibly Phoenicians (480-146 BC) Stone altars in NH, coins Romans (AD 64) Coins, goblets, shields, weapons etc in Chesapeake Persecution of Jews, Christians under Nero Irish Monks (AD 551)

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Who really discovered america
Who Really Discovered America?

  • Possibly

    • Phoenicians (480-146 BC)

      • Stone altars in NH, coins

    • Romans (AD 64)

      • Coins, goblets, shields, weapons etc in Chesapeake

      • Persecution of Jews, Christians under Nero

    • Irish Monks (AD 551)

      • Saga of Brendan

      • Irish wool dated to that time period in New England (no sheep in New World yet)


Who really discovered america1
Who Really Discovered America?

  • For Sure

    • Vikings (AD 982-986)

      • Historical and archeological record

      • Vinland = New Foundland

      • Trading and fishing settlements

      • Initially friendly relations

      • 1171 driven out


Beginnings
Beginnings

  • Portuguese begin era of exploration (1400s)

    • Stable political situation

    • Technology

      • Caravel

      • Astrolabe

      • Compass

    • Round Africa to Indies

    • Slave trade, Spices


Beginnings1
Beginnings

  • Spain (1492)

    • Begins after defeat of Moors (stable political situation)

    • Everyone knew the world was round

    • Looking for spice routes

    • God, Gold, Glory

    • Columbus coins phrase “New World” after 4th voyage


1491

  • ~75 million inhabitants

  • Highest population in Central and South America

    • Several cities of over 1 million

      • Paris, London, Naples only ~100,000

  • ~10 million in N. America

    • Densest concentrations on east and west coasts

    • Sophisticated, well-developed social and government structures

  • Little technology

    • Only decorative metal working, no wheel

  • No pigs, sheep, horses, cattle, goats, chickens

    • Sources of protein, labor

    • None of the associated diseases – measles, mumps, smallpox, etc



European voyages of exploration

By the mid-16th c. Europeans had explored most of the Atlantic coast of North America and penetrated into the interior in the disastrous expeditions of de Soto and Coronado.


Hmmm…

  • “Why did Columbus’ voyages have so much more impact than the Vikings or other early explorer/discoverers?”

    • Use historical facts to support your position.


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