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In 1492 Columbus Sailed the Ocean Blue. The Age of Exploration. Who Really Discovered America?. Possibly Phoenicians (480-146 BC) Stone altars in NH, coins Romans (AD 64) Coins, goblets, shields, weapons etc in Chesapeake Persecution of Jews, Christians under Nero Irish Monks (AD 551)

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who really discovered america
Who Really Discovered America?
  • Possibly
    • Phoenicians (480-146 BC)
      • Stone altars in NH, coins
    • Romans (AD 64)
      • Coins, goblets, shields, weapons etc in Chesapeake
      • Persecution of Jews, Christians under Nero
    • Irish Monks (AD 551)
      • Saga of Brendan
      • Irish wool dated to that time period in New England (no sheep in New World yet)
who really discovered america1
Who Really Discovered America?
  • For Sure
    • Vikings (AD 982-986)
      • Historical and archeological record
      • Vinland = New Foundland
      • Trading and fishing settlements
      • Initially friendly relations
      • 1171 driven out
beginnings
Beginnings
  • Portuguese begin era of exploration (1400s)
    • Stable political situation
    • Technology
      • Caravel
      • Astrolabe
      • Compass
    • Round Africa to Indies
    • Slave trade, Spices
beginnings1
Beginnings
  • Spain (1492)
    • Begins after defeat of Moors (stable political situation)
    • Everyone knew the world was round
    • Looking for spice routes
    • God, Gold, Glory
    • Columbus coins phrase “New World” after 4th voyage
slide6
1491
  • ~75 million inhabitants
  • Highest population in Central and South America
    • Several cities of over 1 million
      • Paris, London, Naples only ~100,000
  • ~10 million in N. America
    • Densest concentrations on east and west coasts
    • Sophisticated, well-developed social and government structures
  • Little technology
    • Only decorative metal working, no wheel
  • No pigs, sheep, horses, cattle, goats, chickens
    • Sources of protein, labor
    • None of the associated diseases – measles, mumps, smallpox, etc
slide9

European voyages of exploration

By the mid-16th c. Europeans had explored most of the Atlantic coast of North America and penetrated into the interior in the disastrous expeditions of de Soto and Coronado.

slide10
Hmmm…
  • “Why did Columbus’ voyages have so much more impact than the Vikings or other early explorer/discoverers?”
    • Use historical facts to support your position.
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